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Code of Conduct, Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) Training AR 350-30 (Publication date 10 Dec 85)

 

1. What Publication Code of Conduct?

A: AR 350-30

 

2. What does 350-30 Cover?

A: Code of Conduct, Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) Training

 

3. What does SERE stand for?

A: Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape 


4. Para 1-4 What document is international law that describes treatment of Prisoners of War?
A: Geneva Convention of 1949

 

5. Para 1-5 What are the duties of individual Soldiers for Code of Conduct and SERE?

A: ensure that they understand the contents and meaning of the Code of Conduct and SERE. Soldiers will adhere to these guidelines to the utmost of their ability

 

6. Para 1-5 What should soldiers who become isolated from their unit in the course of combat operations to continue to do?

A: They should to fight, evade capture, and regain contact with friendly forces

 

7. Para 1-5 What should Soldiers that are captured do?

A: If captured, individual soldiers must live, act, and speak in a manner that leaves no doubt that they adhere to:

(1) Traditions of the U.S. Army.

(2) Their mission of resisting enemy attempts at interrogation, indoctrination, and other exploitation.

 

8. Para 2-1 When does Training in the Code of Conduct begin?

A: Training in the Code will begin upon entry into the U.S.Army

 

9. Para 2-2 What is the Role and responsibilities of the United States toward PWs?

A: a. Each PW continues to be of special concern to the United States. The rights to which a PW is entitled (promotion status, pay and allowances, and dependent care) continue during captivity.

b. Every available means will be used to establish contact with and to gain release of a PW.

c. During the PW’s captivity, every available means will be used to ensure that the PW is given protection and rights under the provisions of the GPW

 

10. Para 2-6 What must all training programs of the Code of Conduct impress upon all Soldiers?

A: 1. A clear and uniform understanding of the continuing obligations, responsibilities, and the behavior expected of the soldier in combat or while a PW

2. A positive acceptance of the Code and the recognition that observing its guidelines is a military obligation. Acceptance and recognition of the Code should include an
understanding of the mutually supporting relationship between the Code of Conduct and the UCMJ

3. An unqualified determination and belief in soldier’s ability to effectively oppose all enemy efforts against them, their fellow soldiers, and their country during peacetime, combat, or captivity

4. A confidence in the soldier’s knowledge of what to expect if captured. An increased ability by individual soldiers to deny information and to resist, to the utmost of his or her ability, enemy interrogation, exploitation, and indoctrination

5. An understanding that PW compounds are in many ways an extension of the battlefield. In a PW camp, a positive attitude toward personal duty is fundamental in keeping faith with fellow PWs and resisting enemy attempts at exploitation

 

11. Para 2-6 What are Soldiers required to maintain while in PW camp?

A: 1) Rank and leadership.

(2) Military bearing.

(3) Order and discipline.

(4) Teamwork and devotion to fellow soldiers.

(5) The duty to defeat enemies of our country at all times

 

12. Para 2-7 What does the Acronym “GPW” stand for?

A: 1. It stands for the Geneva Convention Prisoner of War Standards 

 

13. Para 2-7 What is the intent of intent of the GPW?

A: The intent of the GPW is to provide for the protection, health, and welfare of PWs and other noncombatants while awaiting repatriation

 

14. Para 2-7 What information are PW’s authorized by the GPW to give Captors?

A: name, rank, identification number, and date of birth

 

15. Para 2-7 Can Captors coerce PWs to provide information or to take action supporting the captor’s war efforts?

A: No

 

16. Para 2-7 in recent experience, captors of American personnel have not treated PWs in accordance with the spirit or the letter of the GPW; What are the three ways captors have attempted to exploit American PWs in recent history?

A: (1) Psychological pressure

(2) Physical mistreatment.

( 3 ) Medical neglect to obtain information, propaganda, or other support for their war effort

 

17. Para 2-9 If a Soldier is returned from capture what information is classified military information and will be divulged only in a debriefing conducted by designated military officials?

A: (a) Information regarding means and methods of evasion and escape.

(b) Details of capture and imprisonment.

(c) Release from internment or captivity.

(d) Details of repatriation

 

18. Para 3-5 How many levels of Code of Conduct are there?

A: Three; Level A, Level B and Level C

 

19. Para 3-7 Is the use of PW compounds during field exercises for instruction in the Code of Conduct?

A: No

 

20. Para 4-1 How many articles are in the Code of Conduct?

A: Three

 

21 Para 4-1 What are the Six Articles of the Code of Conduct?

A: 1. I am an American fighting man, I serve in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.

2. I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command I will never surrender my men while they still have the means to resist.

3. If I am captured I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every effort to escape and aid others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the enemy.

4. If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information nor take part in any action which might be harmful to my

comrades. If I am senior I will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed over me and will back them up in every way.

5. When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number, and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability.I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.

6. I will never forget that I am an American fighting man, responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles which made my country free. I will trust in my God and in the United States of America. 

 

22. Para 4-2 What does term “fighting man” in Article I refer to?

A: all soldiers. Article I also applies to each soldier whether in combat or in captivity

 

23. Para 4-2 What specific Soldiers are given special “retained status” by the 1949 Geneva Convention including the GPW?

A: Medical personnel and chaplains

 

24. Para 4-2 What does The GPW requires that medical personnel and chaplains be allowed to perform?

A: their professional duties while captured. However, the captors control the degree to which these duties can be performed

 

25. Para 4-4 What does Article II mean?

A: when escape is impossible

 

26. Para 4-4 When is The means to evade is considered exhausted?

A: collections of maps of regions, countries, continents, or the world. Such maps are accurate only to a degree and can be used for general information only

 

27. Para 4-4 When is The means to resist is considered exhausted?

A: when further fighting would lead to the soldier’s death with no significant loss to the enemy

 

28. Para 4-4 When should a Commander Never Surrender?

A: A commander should Never Surrender while isolated, cut off, or surrounded, as long as the unit has the power to resist, break out, or evade to rejoin friendly forces

 

29. Para 4-4 What are The key words of Article II?

A: “of my own free will.” In most cases, there will be a means to resist or escape. In extreme situations, the means to resist or evade might be exhausted

 

30. Para 4-6 What might captors offer to PWs in return for statements, information, and pledges or agreements not to try to escape?

A: Special favors or privileges

 

31. Para 4-6 Can Soldiers seek Special favors or privileges?

A: Soldiers must not seek special privileges or accept favors at the expense of fellow PWs

 

32. Para 4-6 When must Soldiers take advantage of escape opportunities?

A: Under the guidance of the senior military person and the PW organization and whenever the opportunity arises

 

33. Para 4-6 When can Soldiers sign Parole Agreements?

A: Soldiers are prohibited from signing any Parole Agreements.  Parole agreements are promises given the captor by a PW to get special privileges or release from captivity

 

34. Para 4-6 What right must captured Medical personnel and chaplains assert?

A: their right as “retained personnel” to perform their medical and religious duties for the benefit of PWs

 

35. Para 4-6 What Articles protect Soldiers from punishments under GPW for Individuals who are recaptured after an escape attempt?

A: Articles 91 through 94 of the GPW

 

36. Para 4-6 What should happen to Medical Personnel and Chaplains when they are no longer needed to perform their duties?

A: Under the GPW, captured medical personnel and chaplains are to be returned to their own forces when they are no longer needed to perform their duties

 

37. Para 4-6 Are Soldiers allowed to bargain with the enemy for their own early release ahead of fellow PWs?

A: No because this would be a failure to keep faith

 

38. Para 4-6 Who should control and supervise release of PWs if the enemy permits?

A: The senior military PW

 

39. Para 4-6 What order does the GPW describe that PWs be released in?

A: (1) Seriously sick and wounded as soon as their medical condition permits movement.

(2) Other PWs on a first-captured-first-released basis

 

40. Para 4-10 Who is in command in an enemy POW camp?

A: The senior ranking Officer unless the enemy does not allow it and one is elected.  Even then the Senior will be covertly in command

 

41. Para 4-10 Who is in command in an enemy POW camp with only Enlisted Personnel?

A: a prisoner’s representative will be elected. However, it is U.S. policy that the prisoner’s representative does not have command unless the representative is also the senior military person regardless of Service. The senior military person will assume and retain actual command covertly if necessary.

 

42. Para 4-10 Who is not allowed to be in command in an enemy POW camp?

A: Medical Personnel and Chaplains

 

43. Para 4-10 What is a volunteer informer or collaborator to the enemy considered?

A: volunteer informer or collaborator is a traitor to fellow prisoners and country and, after repatriation, is subject to punishment under the UCMJ

 

44. Para 4-10 What is is one of the most important ways that PWs can aid one another?

A: Maintaining communication

 

45. Para 4-10 Why is maintaining communications between PW’s so important?

A: Communication breaks down the barrier of isolation (constructed by the enemy) and helps strengthen the PW’s will to resist

 

46. Para 4-10 What should happen if the enemy does not permit a military command structure to be formed or to function?

A: an organization of elected representatives as provided for in the GPW may be established. However, in such a case, the senior person will continue to exercise authority over all PW matters, covertly if necessary

 

47. Para 4-11 What is one of the primary ways to organize successfully against captor exploitation?

A: Leadership and obedience to those in command are essential to the discipline required to organize successfully against captor exploitation

 

48. Para 4-11 What can happen if obedience and failure to maintain Leadership in a PW camp result in?

A: Failure to do so will result in the weakening of organization, a lowering of resistance, and, after repatriation, may result in legal proceedings under the UCMJ

 

49. Para 4-12 What three things should PW’s understand about collaborators?

A: (1) An informer or collaborator should be insulated from sensitive information, but continuing efforts should be made to encourage and persuade the collaborator to cease such activities.

(2) Welcoming a repentant collaborator “back to the fold” is generally a more effective technique than continued isolation, which may only encourage the collaborator to continue such treasonous conduct.

(3) There is a significant difference between the collaborator who must be persuaded to return and the resistant who, having been physically or mentally tortured into complying with a captor’s improper demand (such as information or propaganda statement), should be helped to gather strength and return to resistance

 

50. Para 4-14 Other than name, rank, service number, and date of birth what other things may a PW share with captors?

A: (1) Fill out a Geneva Convention capture card.

(2) Write letters home.

(3) Communicate with captors on matters of health and welfare

 

51. Para 4-14 What are some examples of information that are not allowed for a PW to give captors?

A: (1) Oral or written  confessions.

(2) Questionnaires.

(3) Personal history statements.

(4) Propaganda recordings and broadcast appeals to other PWs to comply with improper captor demands.

(5) Appeals for surrender or parole.

(6) Self-criticisms. 

(7) Oral or written statements or communications helpful to the enemy or harmful to the United States, its allies, the Armed Forces, or other PWs

 

52. Para 4-14 What will some countries do if a Soldier makes a signed statement, confession or a signed confession?

A: certain countries qualify their acceptance of the GPW, stating that a war crimes conviction has the effect of depriving the convicted individual of PW status. This action may remove the PW from protection under the GPW and lead to a loss of the right to repatriation until a prison sentenced is served

 

53. Para 4-14 What is The best way for PWs to keep faith with their country, fellow PWs, and themselves?

A: to provide the enemy with as little information as possible

 

54. Para 5-3 If a Civilian is also held captive with military personnel what should military personnel encourage the Civilian to do?

A: Military detainees, captives, or hostages will encourage civilians being held with them to participate in the military organization and accept the authority of the senior military member

 

55. Para App B When and by whom was the Code of Conduct Signed?

A: President Dwight D. Eisenhower on August 17, 1955