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SHARP AR 600-20 CH 7 & 8

1. Q.What does AR 600-20 cover?
A: Army Command Policy

2. Q.What does SHARP stand for?
A: Sexual Harassment/Assault Response Prevention

3. Q.What chapter covers the SHARP program in AR 600-20?
A: Chapter 7 & 8

4. Q.What does Ch 7 & 8 of AR 600-20 cover?
A: The Army’s SHARP Program

5. Q.What are the goals of the SHARP program?
A: 1. Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents, which impact Army personnel, Army civilians, and family members, and, if an incident should occur, ensure that victims and subjects are treated according to Army policy 
2. Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear 
3. Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers 
4. Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims' health and well-being 
5. Ensure leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigate allegations of sexual assault, and take appropriate administrative and disciplinary action

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6. Q.What is the Army’s slogan for the SHARP program?

7. Q.What does I. A.M. STRONG stand for?
A: Intervene, Act, Motivate

8. Q.What is the of the I. A.M. STRONG campaign?
A: It is the Army’s campaign to combat sexual assaults by engaging all Soldiers in preventing sexual assaults before they occur

​​​​​9. Q.What should Soldiers Intervene Act and Motivate (IAM)?

A: Soldiers are duty bound to Intervene, Act, and Motivate others to stop sexual assaults and the sexually offensive language and gestures that create an environment friendly to this abuse

10. Q.What are the precursors to sexual assault that Soldiers must stop before things get to sexual assault?

A: Sexual innuendos, sexual harassment and egregious indecent assaults

11. Q.How can you reduce your risk of being sexually assaulted?

A: Be prepared, alert and assertive

12. Q.What are some ways to being assertive?

A: 1. state what you want

2.  "No" means "No (Use a confident voice and body posture)

3. Match your body language to your words - don't laugh and smile while saying "No."

4. Do not just "go along" for the wrong reasons

5. Watch out for warning signs or “red flags” from your partner in intimate situations 

13. Q.How can you “Be Prepared”?

A: 1. Travel with a buddy

2. Stay in groups, as there is safety in numbers

3. Plan your outings and avoid getting into a bad situation

4. Stay sober. Studies indicate that about half of all U.S. sexual assaults involve the use of alcohol by the offender, the victim, or both 

5. Never leave a drink unattended. Educate yourself about date rape drugs 

6. Walk only in lighted areas after dark

7. Keep the doors to homes, barracks, and cars locked

8. Know where the phone is located

9. Don't go anywhere alone with someone unless you know the person very well and trust him or her

14. Q.How can you “Be Alert”?

A:  1. Trust your instincts; if a place or person feels unsafe, it probably is

2. Watch for signs of trouble such as strangers in private areas or persons loitering in places where they shouldn't be

3. f you sense trouble, get to a safe place as soon as possible

4. If you feel you are in danger, attract help any way you can

5. Don't dress in view of a window

6. Report any unauthorized or suspicious males or females in the barracks

15. Q.What are the “Red Flags” that people should watch for?

A: 1. If a person Ignores, interrupts, or makes fun of you

2. Sits or stands too close to you or stares at you 

3. Has a reputation for being a "player"

4. Drinks too much or uses drugs; tries to get you to use drugs or alcohol

5. Tries to touch or kiss you or gets into your "personal space" when you barely know him or her

6. Wants to be alone with you before getting to know you, or pressures you to be alone together

7. Does what he or she wants without asking what you want

8. Gets angry or sulks if he or she doesn't get what he or she wants 

16. Q.What is acquaintance or "date" rape? 

A:  those rapes that occur between people that know one another. "Date rape" refers to situations in which one person has consented to go on a date with another

person and that person then rapes him or her

17. Q.What should you do if you have been sexually assaulted or believe that you have?

A: 1. Go to a safe location away from the attacker

2. Contact your local Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC), Victim Advocate (VA) or healthcare provider. You may also contact your chain of command or law enforcement (military or civilian), however if you do, an investigation will occur and you will not have the option of making a Restricted Report

3. eek medical care as soon as possible. Even if you do not have any visible physical injuries, you may be at risk of becoming pregnant or acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. Ask the healthcare provider to conduct a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE) to preserve forensic evidence. If you suspect you had been drugged, request that a urine sample be collected

4. Preserve all evidence of the assault. Do not bathe, wash your hands, eat or drink or brush your teeth. Do not clean or straighten up the crime scene

5. Write down, tape or record by any other means all the details you can recall about the assault and your assailant

18. Q.Para 7-1 What does Ch 7 or AR 600-20 cover?

A: Prevention of Sexual Harassment (POSH)

19. Q.Para 7-1 What does POSH stand for?

A: Prevention Of Sexual Harassment

20. Q.Para 7-1 Who is overall responsible for POSH program?

A: Commander

21. Q.Para 7-1 Who is required to assist the Commander with POSH?

A: the EOA

22. Q.Para 7-2 What are the responsibilities of the Commander and supervisors for POSH?

A: 1. Ensure that assigned personnel are familiar with the Army policy on sexual harassment

2. Publish and post written command policy statements for the POSH

3. Continually assess and be aware of the climate of command regarding sexual harassment

4. Set the Standard

23. Q.Para 7-3 What is the Army’s policy on sexual harassment?

A: It is unacceptable conduct and  will not be tolerated

24. Q.Para 7-3 What are the results of sexual harassment?

A: Sexual harassment destroys teamwork and negatively affects combat readiness 

25. Q.Para 7-3 Who is responsible for POSH?
A: POSH is the responsibility of every Soldier and DA civilian 

26. Q.Para 7-4 What is sexual harassment?

A: Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination that involves unwelcomed sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature between the same or opposite genders

27. Q.Para 7-4 What are the three factors of sexual harassment?

A: 1. Submission to, or rejection of, such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of a person’s job, pay, career

2. Submission to, or rejection of, such conduct by a person is used as a basis for career or employment decisions affecting that person

3. Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment

28. Q.Para 7-5 Who covered under the Army sexual harassment policy?

A: Soldiers, civilian co-workers, and Family members

29. Q.Para 7-5 What are the different categories of sexual harassment?

A: 1. Verbal 2. Non-Verbal 3. Physical Contact

30. Q.Para 7-5 What are examples of verbal sexual harassment?

A: 1. telling sexual jokes

2. using sexually explicit profanity

3. Threats

4. sexually oriented cadences

5. sexual comments

6. whistling in a sexually suggestive manner

7. Describing certain attributes of one’s physical appearance in a sexual manner

8. Using terms of endearment such as "honey", “babe", “sweetheart", “dear", “stud", or “hunk"

31. Q.Para 7-5 What are examples of non-verbal sexual harassment?

A: 1. staring at someone

2. blowing kisses

3. Winking

4. licking one’s lips in a suggestive manner

5. Displaying sexually oriented pictures or cartoons

6. sexually oriented screen savers 6. sending sexually oriented notes, letters, faxes, or email 

32. Q.Para 7-5 What are some examples of physical sexual harassment?

A: 1. Touching


3. Pinching 

4. Bumping

5. Kissing

6. grabbing, cornering, or blocking a passageway

7. providing unsolicited back or neck rubs

33. Q.Para 7-5 What are extreme forms of sexual harassment?
A: Sexual Assault and Rape

34. Q.Para 7-6 What are the types of sexual harassment?

A: 1. Quid pro quo

2. Hostile environment

35. Q.Para 7-6 What is Quid pro quo?

A: “Quid pro quo” is a Latin term meaning "this for that."

36. Q.Para 7-6 What are five examples of Quid pro quo?

A: Demanding Sexual Favors in Exchange for

1. promotion

2. Awards

3. favorable assignment

4. disciplining or relieving a subordinate who refuses sexual advances

5. threats of poor job evaluation for refusing sexual advances

37. Q.Para 7-6 What are three third party examples of what can happen when a person submits to sexual harassment and a sexual relationship occurs?

A: 1. allegations of sexual favoritism

2. person feels unfairly deprived of recognition

3. advancement, or career opportunities because of favoritism shown to another Soldier or civilian employee on the basis of a sexual relationship 

38. Q.Para 7-6 What happens when a hostile environment occurs?

A: Soldiers or civilians are subjected to offensive, unwanted and unsolicited comments, or behaviors of a sexual nature

39. Q.Para 7-6 When is an environment classified as a hostile environment?

A: If behaviors unreasonably interfere with their performance, regardless of whether the harasser and the victim are in the same workplace

40. Q.Para 7-7 What are the five techniques of dealing with sexual harassment?

A: 1. Direct approach

2. Indirect approach

3. Third party

4. Chain of command 

5. Filing a formal complaint

41. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the direct approach?

A: Confront the harasser and tell him/her that the behavior is not appreciated, not welcomed and that it must stop. Stay focused on the behavior and its impact

42. Q.Para 7-7 How would you prepare to use the direct approach?

A: Use common courtesy and write down thoughts before approaching the individual involved

43. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the indirect approach?

A: Send a letter to the harasser stating the facts, personal feelings about the inappropriate behavior and expected resolution

44. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the third party approach?

A: Ask someone else to talk to the harasser, to accompany the victim, or to intervene on behalf of the victim to resolve the conflict

45. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the Chain of Command approach?

A: Report the behavior to immediate supervisor or others in chain of command and ask for assistance in resolving the situation

46. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the filing a formal complaint approach?

A: Use the Complaint procedures outlined  in appendix D of AR 600-20

47. Q.Para 7-8 How does the elimination of sexual harassment within a unit begin?

A: with a policy of aggressive and progressive training to identify and prevent inappropriate behavior

48. Q.Para 7-8 How often should units train on POSH?

A: twice each year

49. Q.Para 7-8 What should Soldiers understand and learn from the training?

A: how to recognize it, how to prevent it, how to report it, and the consequences of engaging in sexual harassment

50. Q.Para 7-8 What is the most effective training technique for POSH?

A: through interactive discussion in small groups of mixed gender

51. Q.Para 7-8 What should training for junior enlisted and civilian employees in the unit focus on?

A: defining sexual harassment and gender discrimination, sanctions that may be used to punish harassers, techniques for Soldiers to deal with sexual harassment and methods of filing a complaint through the complaint system

52. Q.Para 7-8 What should training for junior officers, NCOs and civilian supervisors focus on?

A: promoting a healthy work environment within the section or unit as well as on techniques for receiving, handling and resolving complaints, leader responsibilities in processing informal and formal complaints, and must emphasize the prevention of reprisal actions against complainants

53. Q.Para 7-8 What should the training for senior NCOs, WOs, officers, civilian managers and senior executive service personnel focus on?

A: It should focus on fostering a healthy command climate and using appropriate means for determining a healthy command climate, focus on sanctions for offenders and it will reinforce the elements of training they receive at a more junior level

54. Q.Para 8-1 What regulation covers assault prevention and response?

A: AR 600-20 CH 8

55. Q.Para 8-1 What does SHARP stand for?

A: Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 

56. Q.Para 8-1 What is the purpose of SHARP?

A: The SHARP Program reinforces the Army’s commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive policy that centers on awareness and prevention, training and education, victim advocacy, response, reporting, and accountability

57. Q.Para 8-1 What are the goals of the SHARP program?

A: 1. Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents, which impact Army personnel, Army civilians, and Family members, and, if an incident should occur, ensure that victims and subjects are treated according to Army Policy

2. Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear

3. Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers 

4. Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims’ health and Well-being

5. Ensure that leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigate allegations of sexual assault, and take appropriate administrative and disciplinary action

58. Q.Para 8-2 How should the Army treat victims of sexual assault?

A: with dignity, fairness, and respect

59. Q.Para 8-2 Is Sexual Assault a criminal offense?

A: Yes

60. Q.Para 8-2 When and where does the Army’s Sexual Assault policy apply?

A: Both on and off post and during duty and non-duty hours and To working, living, and recreational environments (including both on- and off-post housing)

61. Q.Para 8-3 Is the use of victim advocacy services optional?

A: Yes

62. Q.Para 8-3 When must the Victim Advocacy program be available to victims?

A: 24 hours per day/7 days per week both in the garrison and in a deployed environment

63. Q.Para 8-3 What are the three echelons of sexual assault victim advocates (VAs) in a garrison environment?

A: 1. The installation sexual assault response coordinator (SARC)

2. Installation victim advocates (IVA)

3. Unit victim advocates (UVAs)

64. Q.Para 8-3 What are the two echelons of sexual assault victim advocates (VAs) in a deployed environment?

A: 1. sexual assault response coordinator (SARC)

2. Unit victim advocates (UVAs)

65. Q.Para 8-4 What is the Army’s definition of sexual assault?

A: a crime defined as intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, physical threat or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent

66. Q.Para 8-4 What are some acts included in sexual assault?

A: 1. rape

2. nonconsensual sodomy (oral or anal sex)

3. indecent assault

4. unwanted inappropriate sexual contact or fondling

5. attempts to commit these acts

67. Q.Para 8-4 What is the Army’s definition of other sex-related offenses?

A: all other sexual acts or acts in violation of the UCMJ that do not meet the above definition of sexual assault, or the definition of sexual harassment

68. Q.Para 8-4 What are some examples of other sex-related offenses?

A: indecent acts with another and adultery

69. Q.Para 8-4 What are the two types of reporting of sexual assault?
A: 1. Restricted and Unrestricted 

70. Q.Para 8-4 What is restricted reporting?
A: Restricted reporting allows a Soldier who is a sexual assault victim, on a confidential basis, to disclose the details of his/her assault to specifically identified individuals and receive medical treatment and counseling, without triggering the official investigative process

71. Q.Para 8-4 What is unrestricted reporting?

A: Unrestricted reporting allows a Soldier who is sexually assaulted and desires medical treatment, counseling, and an official investigation of his/her allegation to use current reporting channels (for example, the chain of command or law enforcement), or he/she may report the incident to the SARC or the on-call VA

72. Q.Para 8-4 Who is informed of an unrestricted report?

A: only those personnel who have a legitimate need to know

73. Q.Para 8-4 Where can you find detailed explanation of  restricted and unrestricted reports?
A: AR 600-20 Appendix H

74. Q.Para 8-4 If a sexual assault occurs, what steps must a unit Commander take?

A: 1. Take immediate steps to ensure the victim’s physical safety, emotional security, and medical treatment needs are met and that the SARC and appropriate law enforcement/criminal investigative service are notified

2. Ensure that the victim or his/her representative consent, in writing, to the release of information to nonofficial parties about the incident and that the victim’s status and privacy are protected by limiting information to “need to know” personnel

3. Ensure that victims of sexual assault receive sensitive care and support and are not re-victimized as a result of reporting the incident

4. Collaborate closely with the SARC, legal, medical, and chaplain offices and other service providers to provide timely, coordinated, and appropriate responses to sexual assault issues and concerns

5. Encourage the victim to get a medical examination no matter when the incident occurred

6. Report all incidents of sexual assault to CID in  accordance with AR 195–1, paragraph 6

7. Report sexual assaults to the SARC to ensure victims have access to appropriate assistance and care from the initial time of report to completion of all required treatment

8. Report all incidents of sexual assault to the office of the SJA within 24 hours

9. Notify the chaplain if the victim desires pastoral counseling or assistance  

75. Q.Para 8-5 What regulation gives the commander guidance on what their responsibilities are?

A: AR 600-20 Ch 8-5 and AR 600-20 Appendix H

76. Q.Para 8-7 What is the purpose of SHARP training?

A: to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive program that focuses on awareness and prevention, education, victim advocacy, reporting, response, and follow up

77. Q.App H-4 Who can a Soldier report a sexual assault to if they want to keep it restricted?

A; the SARC, a VA, or a healthcare provider, a chaplain 

78. Q.App H-4 Who can a Soldier report a sexual assault to if they want it to be unrestricted?

A: chain of command, law enforcement or report the incident to the SARC 

79. Q.App I-1 Who are the personnel that are considered the “Responder Group” for sexual assaults?

A: 1. Sexual assault response coordinators

2. Victim advocates

3. Healthcare

4. Law enforcement and criminal investigators

5. Judge advocates

6. Chaplains

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