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SHARP AR 600-20 CH 7 & 8

1. Q.What does AR 600-20 cover?
A: Army Command Policy.

2. Q.What does SHARP stand for?
A: Sexual Harassment/Assault Response Prevention.

3. Q.What chapter covers the SHARP program in AR 600-20?
A: Chapter 7 & 8.

4. Q.What does Ch 7 & 8 of AR 600-20 cover?
A: The Army’s SHARP Program.

5. Q.What are the goals of the SHARP program?
A: 1. Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents.
2. Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear.
3. Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs.
4. Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims' health and well-being.
5. Ensure leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims.


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AR 600-20 Army (SHARP) Army Sexual Harassment Assault Response and Prevention Program from AR 600-20 Chapters 7 & 8.  The purpose is to help Soldiers become better educated and earn quicker Army promotions by assisting in not only their army educations but also their college educations as well.  The source for Army Doctrine 2015, NCO 2020 and Doctrine 2020.  The New Army Study Guide.  This site contains questions and answers for Army boards.   It has been designed to assist Soldiers in preparing for promotion boards and competition boards.  All the questions and answers are directly from Army publications and are designed in a way for Soldiers to learn these publications while also preparing for boards.  It is also managed and updated frequently to keep up with changing army publications so please inform TOP if there is outdated material so that he can keep the material relevant and updated.  Also, Please do not hesitate to contact TOP if there is a board subject that you would like to see added. 

6. Q.What is the Army’s slogan for the SHARP program?
A: I. A.M. STRONG.

7. Q.What does I. A.M. STRONG stand for?
A: Intervene, Act, Motivate.

8. Q.What is the Purpose of the I A.M. STRONG campaign?
A: It is the Army’s campaign to combat sexual assaults by engaging all Soldiers in preventing sexual assaults before they occur.

​​​​​9. Q.When should Soldiers intervene Act and motivate?

A: Soldiers are duty bound to Intervene, Act, and Motivate others to stop sexual assaults and the sexually offensive language and gestures that create an environment friendly to this abuse.


10. Q.What are the precursors to sexual assault that Soldiers must stop before things get to sexual assault?

A: Sexual innuendos, sexual harassment and egregious indecent assaults.


11. Q.How can you reduce your risk of being sexually assaulted?

A: Be prepared, alert and assertive.


12. Q.What are some ways to being assertive?

A: 1. state what you want.

2.  "No" means "No (Use a confident voice and body posture).

3. Match your body language to your words - don't laugh and smile while saying "No.".

4. Do not just "go along" for the wrong reasons.

5. Watch out for warning signs or “red flags” from your partner in intimate situations.


13. Q.How can you “Be Prepared”?

A: 1. Travel with a buddy.

2. Stay in groups.

3. Plan your outings and avoid getting into a bad situation.

4. Stay sober.  

5. Never leave a drink unattended. 

6. Walk only in lighted areas after dark.

7. Keep the doors to homes, barracks, and cars locked.

8. Know where the phone is located.

9. Don't go anywhere alone with someone unless you know the person very well and trust him or her.


14. Q.How can you “Be Alert”?

A:  1. Trust your instincts.

2. Watch for signs of trouble.

3. if you sense trouble, get to a safe place as soon as possible.

4. If you feel you are in danger, attract help any way you can.

5. Don't dress in view of a window.

6. Report any unauthorized or suspicious males or females in the barracks.


15. Q.What are the “Red Flags” that people should watch for?

A: 1. If a person Ignores, interrupts, or makes fun of you.

2. Sits or stands too close to you or stares at you.

3. Has a reputation for being a "player".

4. Drinks too much or uses drugs; tries to get you to use drugs or alcohol.

5. Tries to touch or kiss you or gets into your "personal space" when you barely know him or her.

6. Wants to be alone with you before getting to know you, or pressures you to be alone together.

7. Does what he or she wants without asking what you want.

8. Gets angry or sulks if he or she doesn't get what he or she wants.


16. Q.What is acquaintance or "date" rape? 

A:  those rapes that occur between people that know one another.


17. Q.What should you do if you have been sexually assaulted or believe that you have?

A: 1. Go to a safe location away from the attacker.

2. Contact your local Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC), Victim Advocate (VA) or healthcare provider. 

3. seek medical care as soon as possible. 

4. Preserve all evidence of the assault.  

5. Write down, tape or record all the details you can recall about the assault and your assailant.


18. Q.Para 7-1 What does Ch 7 of AR 600-20 cover?

A: Prevention of Sexual Harassment (POSH).


19. Q.Para 7-1 What does POSH stand for?

A: Prevention Of Sexual Harassment.


20. Q.Para 7-1 Who is overall responsible for POSH program?

A: Commander.


21. Q.Para 7-1 Who is required to assist the Commander with POSH?

A: the EOA.


22. Q.Para 7-2 What are the responsibilities of the Commander and supervisors for POSH?

A: 1. Ensure that assigned personnel are familiar with the Army policy on sexual harassment.

2. Publish and post written command policy statements for the POSH.

3. Continually assess and be aware of the climate of command regarding sexual harassment.

4. Set the Standard.


23. Q.Para 7-3 What is the Army’s policy on sexual harassment?

A: It is unacceptable conduct and  will not be tolerated.


24. Q.Para 7-3 What are the results of sexual harassment?

A: Sexual harassment destroys teamwork and negatively affects combat readiness.


25. Q.Para 7-3 Who is responsible for POSH?
A: POSH is the responsibility of every Soldier and DA civilian.


26. Q.Para 7-4 What is sexual harassment?

A: Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination that involves unwelcomed sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature between the same or opposite genders.


27. Q.Para 7-4 What are the three factors of sexual harassment?

A: 1. Submission to, or rejection of, such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of a person’s job, pay, career.

2. Submission to, or rejection of, such conduct by a person is used as a basis for career or employment decisions affecting that person.

3. Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment.


28. Q.Para 7-5 Who is covered under the Army sexual harassment policy?

A: Soldiers, civilian co-workers, and Family members.


29. Q.Para 7-5 What are the different categories of sexual harassment?

A: 1. Verbal 2. Non-Verbal 3. Physical Contact.


30. Q.Para 7-5 What are examples of verbal sexual harassment?

A: 1. telling sexual jokes.

2. using sexually explicit profanity.

3. Threats.

4. sexually oriented cadences.

5. sexual comments.


31. Q.Para 7-5 What are examples of non-verbal sexual harassment?

A: 1. staring at someone.

2. blowing kisses.

3. Winking.

4. licking one’s lips in a suggestive manner.

5. Displaying sexually oriented pictures or cartoons.

6. sexually oriented screen savers.

​​

32. Q.Para 7-5 What are some examples of physical sexual harassment?

A: 1. Touching.

2.Patting.

3. Pinching.

4. Bumping.

5. Kissing.


33. Q.Para 7-5 What are extreme forms of sexual harassment?
A: Sexual Assault and Rape.


34. Q.Para 7-6 What are the types of sexual harassment?

A: 1. Quid pro quo.

2. Hostile environment.


35. Q.Para 7-6 What is Quid pro quo?

A: “Quid pro quo” is a Latin term meaning "this for that."


36. Q.Para 7-6 What are five examples of Quid pro quo?

A: Demanding Sexual Favors in Exchange for

1. promotion.

2. Awards.

3. favorable assignment.

4. disciplining or relieving a subordinate who refuses sexual advances.

5. threats of poor job evaluation for refusing sexual advances.


37. Q.Para 7-6 What are three third party examples of what can happen when a person submits to sexual harassment and a sexual relationship occurs?

A: 1. allegations of sexual favoritism.

2. person feels unfairly deprived of recognition.

3. advancement, or career opportunities because of favoritism shown to another Soldier or civilian employee on the basis of a sexual relationship.


38. Q.Para 7-6 What happens when a hostile environment occurs?

A: Soldiers or civilians are subjected to offensive, unwanted and unsolicited comments, or behaviors of a sexual nature.


39. Q.Para 7-6 When is an environment classified as a hostile environment?

A: If behaviors unreasonably interfere with their performance, regardless of whether the harasser and the victim are in the same workplace.


40. Q.Para 7-7 What are the five techniques of dealing with sexual harassment?

A: 1. Direct approach.

2. Indirect approach.

3. Third party.

4. Chain of command.

5. Filing a formal complaint.


41. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the direct approach?

A: Confront the harasser and tell him/her that the behavior is not appreciated, not welcomed and that it must stop.


42. Q.Para 7-7 How would you prepare to use the direct approach?

A: Use common courtesy and write down thoughts before approaching the individual involved.


43. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the indirect approach?

A: Send a letter to the harasser stating the facts, personal feelings about the inappropriate behavior and expected resolution.


44. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the third party approach?

A: Ask someone else to talk to the harasser, to accompany the victim, or to intervene on behalf of the victim to resolve the conflict.


45. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the Chain of Command approach?

A: Report the behavior to immediate supervisor or others in chain of command and ask for assistance in resolving the situation.


46. Q.Para 7-7 How do you use the filing a formal complaint approach?

A: Use the Complaint procedures outlined  in appendix D of AR 600-20.


47. Q.Para 7-8 How does the elimination of sexual harassment within a unit begin?

A: with a policy of aggressive and progressive training to identify and prevent inappropriate behavior.


48. Q.Para 7-8 How often should units train on POSH?

A: twice each year.


49. Q.Para 7-8 What should Soldiers understand and learn from the training?

A: how to recognize it, how to prevent it, how to report it, and the consequences of engaging in sexual harassment.


50. Q.Para 7-8 What is the most effective training technique for POSH?

A: through interactive discussion in small groups of mixed gender.


51. Q.Para 7-8 What should training for junior enlisted and civilian employees in the unit focus on?

A: defining sexual harassment and gender discrimination, sanctions that may be used to punish harassers, techniques for Soldiers to deal with sexual harassment and methods of filing a complaint through the complaint system.


52. Q.Para 7-8 What should training for junior officers, NCOs and civilian supervisors focus on?

A: promoting a healthy work environment within the section or unit as well as on techniques for receiving, handling and resolving complaints.


53. Q.Para 7-8 What should the training for senior NCOs, WOs, officers, civilian managers and senior executive service personnel focus on?

A: It should focus on fostering a healthy command climate and using appropriate means for determining a healthy command climate.


54. Q.Para 8-1 What regulation covers assault prevention and response?

A: AR 600-20 CH 8.


55. Q.Para 8-1 What does SHARP stand for?

A: Sexual Assault Prevention and Response.


56. Q.Para 8-1 What is the purpose of SHARP?

A: The SHARP Program reinforces the Army’s commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive policy that centers on awareness and prevention, training and education, victim advocacy, response, reporting, and accountability.


57. Q.Para 8-1 What are the goals of the SHARP program?

A: 1. Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents.

2. Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear.

3. Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers.

4. Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims’ health and Well-being.

5. Ensure that leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims.


58. Q.Para 8-2 How should the Army treat victims of sexual assault?

A: with dignity, fairness, and respect.


59. Q.Para 8-2 Is Sexual Assault a criminal offense?

A: Yes.


60. Q.Para 8-2 When and where does the Army’s Sexual Assault policy apply?

A: Both on and off post and during duty and non-duty hours and To working, living, and recreational environments (including both on- and off-post housing).


61. Q.Para 8-3 Is the use of victim advocacy services optional?

A: Yes.


62. Q.Para 8-3 When must the Victim Advocacy program be available to victims?

A: 24 hours per day/7 days per week both in the garrison and in a deployed environment.


63. Q.Para 8-3 What are the three echelons of sexual assault victim advocates (VAs) in a garrison environment?

A: 1. The installation sexual assault response coordinator (SARC).

2. Installation victim advocates (IVA).

3. Unit victim advocates (UVAs).


64. Q.Para 8-3 What are the two echelons of sexual assault victim advocates (VAs) in a deployed environment?

A: 1. sexual assault response coordinator (SARC).

2. Unit victim advocates (UVAs).


65. Q.Para 8-4 What is the Army’s definition of sexual assault?

A: a crime defined as intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, physical threat or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent.


66. Q.Para 8-4 What are some acts included in sexual assault?

A: 1. rape.

2. nonconsensual sodomy (oral or anal sex).

3. indecent assault.

4. unwanted inappropriate sexual contact or fondling.

5. attempts to commit these acts.


67. Q.Para 8-4 What is the Army’s definition of other sex-related offenses?

A: all other sexual acts or acts in violation of the UCMJ.


68. Q.Para 8-4 What are some examples of other sex-related offenses?

A: indecent acts with another and adultery.


69. Q.Para 8-4 What are the two types of reporting of sexual assault?
A: 1. Restricted and Unrestricted.


70. Q.Para 8-4 What is restricted reporting?
A: Restricted reporting allows a Soldier who are sexual assault victims to report on a confidential basis.


71. Q.Para 8-4 What is unrestricted reporting?

A: Unrestricted reporting allows a Soldier who is sexually assaulted and desires medical treatment, counseling.


72. Q.Para 8-4 Who is informed of an unrestricted report?

A: only those personnel who have a legitimate need to know.


73. Q.Para 8-4 Where can you find detailed explanation of  restricted and unrestricted reports?
A: AR 600-20 Appendix H.


74. Q.Para 8-4 If a sexual assault occurs, what steps must a unit Commander take?

A: 1. Ensure the victim’s physical safety, emotional security, and medical treatment needs are met and appropriate law enforcement are notified. 

2. Ensure that the victim , in writing, to only release the information to nonofficial parties about the incident on a "need to Know".

3. Ensure they receive sensitive care and support and are not re-victimized. 

4. Collaborate closely with other agencies to provide timely coordination and appropriate responses. 

5. Encourage the victim to get a medical examination no matter when the incident occurred.

6. Report the incident to CID immediately. 

7. Report to the SARC  to ensure they have access to appropriate assistance and care. 

8. Report to the office of the Staff Judge Advocate within 24 hours.

9. Notify the chaplain if the victim desires pastoral counseling or assistance. 


75. Q.Para 8-5 What regulation gives the commander guidance on what their responsibilities are?

A: AR 600-20 Ch 8-5 and AR 600-20 Appendix H.


76. Q.Para 8-7 What is the purpose of SHARP training?

A: to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive program that focuses on awareness and prevention, education, victim advocacy, reporting, response, and follow up.


77. Q.App H-4 Who can a Soldier report a sexual assault to if they want to keep it restricted?

A; the SARC, a VA, or a healthcare provider, a chaplain.


78. Q.App H-4 Who can a Soldier report a sexual assault to if they want it to be unrestricted?

A: chain of command, law enforcement or report the incident to the SARC.


79. Q.App I-1 Who are the personnel that are considered the “Responder Group” for sexual assaults?

A: 1. Sexual assault response coordinators.

2. Victim advocates.

3. Healthcare.

4. Law enforcement and criminal investigators.

5. Judge advocates.

6. Chaplains.



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