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Army PRT FM 7-22, Physical Readiness Training.  The purpose is to help Soldiers become better educated and earn quicker Army promotions by assisting in not only their army educations but also their college educations as well.  The source for Army Doctrine 2015, NCO 2020 and Doctrine 2020.  The New Army Study Guide.  This site contains questions and answers for Army boards.   It has been designed to assist Soldiers in preparing for promotion boards and competition boards.  All the questions and answers are directly from Army publications and are designed in a way for Soldiers to learn these publications while also preparing for boards.  It is also managed and updated frequently to keep up with changing army publications so please inform TOP if there is outdated material so that he can keep the material relevant and updated.  Also, Please do not hesitate to contact TOP if there is a board subject that you would like to see added. 

Physical Readiness Training (PRT) 

1. What does FM 7-22 cover?
A: The Army’s Physical Readiness Training Program

2. What FM covers the Physical Readiness Training Program?
A: FM 7-22

3. What does PRT stand for?
A: Physical Readiness Training

4. What does PRT prepare Soldiers and units for?
A: for the physical challenges of fulfilling the mission in the face of a wide range of threats, in complex operational environments, and with emerging technologies

 5. Para 1-3 What is physical readiness?
A: Physical readiness is the ability to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty position, accomplish the mission, and continue to fight and win

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6. Para 1-4 Why is physical readiness training a mandatory training requirement?

A: 1. It is Considered by senior leaders to be essential to individual, unit, and force readiness

2. It is Required by law for all individuals and units


7. Para 1-5 Where do the tasks, conditions, and standards of PRT activities derive from?

A: The tasks, conditions, and standards of PRT activities derive from  C-METL, D-METL and WTBDs


8. Para 1-5 What does C-METL stand for?

A: core mission essential task list


9. Para 1-5 What does D-METL stand for?

A: directed mission essential task list


10. Para 1-5 What does WTBDs stand for?

A: warrior tasks and battle drills


11. Para 1-6 What are the seven principles of training that PRT links to?

A: 1. Commanders and Other Leaders are Responsible for Training

2. Noncommissioned Officers Train Individuals, Crews, and Small Teams

3. Train as You Will Fight 

4. Train to Standard

5. Train to Sustain

6. Conduct Multiechelon and Concurrent Training

7. Train to Develop Agile Leaders and Organizations


12. Para 1-7 Who’s program is the physical readiness training program?

A: The Commander’s Program


13. Para 1-7 Who is essential to a successful PRT program and why?

A: Senior NCOs because they are often the most experienced trainers in the unit


14. Para 1-8 What nine things commanders must do to optimize the effect of PRT?

A: 1. Incorporate mission command in PRT

2. Supervise the planning, preparation, execution, and assessment of PRT

3. Align PRT with mission/METL (mission-essential task list) requirements in support of full spectrum Operations 

4. Train to standard according to FM 7-22

5. Assess individual and unit physical readiness according to  FM 7-22 

6. Provide resources required to execute PRT

7. Incorporate safety and composite risk management (CRM)

8. Ensure training is realistic and performance-oriented

9. Ensure training replicates the operational environment as closely as possible


15. Para 1-9 What do Noncommissioned officers serve as the primary trainers for?

A: enlisted Soldiers, crews, and small teams


16. Para 1-9 What are  NCO’s three responsibilities to accomplish the PRT mission?

A: 1. Identify specific tasks that PRT enhances in support of the unit’s C- or D-METL for individuals, crews and small teams

2. Prepare, rehearse, and execute PRT

3. Evaluate PRT and conduct AARs to provide feedback to the commander


17. Para 1-10 Who is responsible to train junior NCOs and aid in developing junior officers, ensuring their mastery of PRT drills, exercise activities, and assessments?

A: Senior NCO’s


18. Para 1-12 What is the principle that all Army training is based on?

A: “Train as you will fight”


19. Para 1-13 What does the toughening phase training provide?

A: provides foundational fitness and fundamental motor skills, which lay the foundation for all other activities in the sustaining phase


20. Para 1-14 What are the eight tenets of train as you will fight, as they relate to PRT?

A: 1. PRT must support full spectrum operations and promote quick transitions between missions

2. PRT must support proficiency in combined arms operations and unified actions

3. PRT focus is on training the fundamentals first

4. PRT must be performance-oriented, conducted under realistic conditions, and mission focused

5. PRT should incorporate challenging, complex, ambiguous, and uncomfortable situations

6. PRT must incorporate safety and CRM

7. PRT must be conducted under conditions that replicate the operational environment

8. PRT must be conducted during deployments


21. Para 1-15 How should Army PRT be conducted?

A: Army PRT should be tough, realistic, and physically challenging, yet safe in its execution


22. Para 1-15 What is the objective of PRT being tough, realistic, and physically challenging?

A: The objective is to develop Soldiers’ physical capabilities to perform their duty assignments and combat roles


23. Para 1-15 What are the fundamental skills that physical readiness training activities include?

A: fundamental skills such as climbing, crawling, jumping, landing, and sprinting, because all contribute to success in the more complex skills of obstacle
negotiation, combatives, and military movement


24. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of employ hand grenade?

A: 1. Run under load

2. jump

3. bound

4. high/low crawl

5. climb

6. push

7. pull

8. squat

9. lunge

10. roll

11. stop,  start, change direction

12. get up/down

13. throw


25. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of perform individual movement techniques?

A: 1. March/run under load

2. jump

3. bound

4. high/low crawl

5. climb

6. push

7. pull

8. squat

9. lunge

10. roll

11. stop, start, change direction

12. get up/down


26. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of Navigate from one point to another?

A: 1. March/run under load

2. jump

3. bound

4. high/low crawl

5. climb

6. push

7. pull

8. squat

9. lunge

10. roll

11. stop, start, change direction

12. get up/down


27. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of move under fire?

A: 1.0 Run fast under load

2. jump, bound

3. crawl

4. push

5. pull

6. squat

7. roll

8. stop

9. start

10. change direction

11. get up/down


28. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of perform Combatives?

A: 1. React to man to man contact

2. push

3. pull

4. run

5. roll

6. throw

7. land

8. manipulate body weight

9. squat

10. lunge

11. rotate

12. bend

13. block

14. strike

15. kick

​16. stop, start, change direction

17. get up/down


29. Table 1-2 What are the Physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of Assess and Respond to Threats (Escalation of Force)?

A: 1. React to man to man contact

2. push

3. pull

4. run

5. roll

6. throw

7. land

8. manipulate body weight

9. squat

10. lunge

11. rotate

12. bend

13. block

14. strike

15. kick

​16. stop, start, change direction

17. get up/down

18. Run under load

19 jump

20. bound

​21. high/low crawl

22. climb

23. push

24. pull


30. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of react to contact?

A: 1. Run fast under load

2. jump

3. bound

4. crawl

5. push

6. pull

7. squat

8. roll

9. stop

10. start

11. change direction

12. get up/down


31. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of evacuate a casualty?

A: 1. Squat

2. lunge

3. flex/extend/rotate trunk

4 walk/run

5. lift

6. carry


32. Para 1-17 What are the critical components of physical conditioning?

A: 1. strength

2. endurance

3. mobility


33. Table 1-3 What are the PRT Components that make up Strength?

A: Muscular Strength and Muscular Endurance


34. Table 1-3 What are the PRT components that make up endurance?

A: Anaerobic Endurance and Aerobic Endurance


35. Table 1-3 What are the eight PRT Components that make up mobility?

A: 1. Agility

2. Balance

3. Coordination

4. Flexability

5. Posture

6. Stability

7. Speed

8. Power


36. Table 1-4 Name 6 PRT Activities?

A: 1. Conditioning Drill

2, Conditioning Drill

3, Guerrilla Drill

4 Climbing Drill 1

5. Climbing Drill 2

6. Strength Training Circuit

7. Military Movement Drill 1

8. Military Movement Drill 2

9. 30:60’s, 60:120’s, 300-yd Shuttle Run

10. Ability Group Run

11. Unit Formation Run

12. Release Run

13. Terrain Run

14. Hill Repeats

15. Foot Marching

16. Obstacle Course Negotiation

17. Combatives


37. Para 1-18 What should be the goal of all training?

A: mastery, not just proficiency


38. Para 1-18 What are the three tenets of standards-based training?

A: 1. Leaders know and enforce standards

2. Leaders define success in the absence of standards

3. Leaders train to standard, not time


39. Para 1-20 How do Commanders intensify training experiences?

A: by varying training conditions


40. Para 1-20 To prepare Soldiers to meet the physical demands of their profession, a system of training must focus on what?

A: the development of strength, endurance and mobility, plus the enhancement of the body’s metabolic pathways


41. Para 1-20 Standards are achieved through precise control of what four things?

A: 1. Prescribe appropriate intensity and duration to which Soldiers perform PRT 

2. Properly distribute external loads across the major joints of the body

3. Integrate and balance the components of strength, endurance, and mobility

4. Provide adequate rest, recovery, and nutrition


42. Para 1-22 What is the key to maintaining unit proficiency despite personnel turbulence and operational deployments?

A: Sustainment training


43. Para 1-23 What is Multi-echelon training?

A: Multi-echelon training is the simultaneous training of more than one echelon on different tasks


44. Para 1-23 What are the distinct characteristics of Multi-echelon training?

A: 1. They require detailed planning and coordination by commanders and leaders at each echelon

2. They maintain battle focus by linking individual and collective battle tasks with unit METL tasks and within large-scale training event METL tasks

3. They habitually train at least two echelons simultaneously on selected METL tasks and require maximum use of allocated resources and available time


45. Para 1-24 When does Concurrent training occur?

A: Concurrent training occurs when a leader conducts training within another type of training


46. Para 1-25 What are three training phases of PRT?

A: 1. Initial conditioning

2. Toughening

3. Sustaining


47. Para 1-26 Who has an opportunity to lead every day during PRT?

A: Noncommissioned officers have an opportunity to lead every day during PRT


48. Para 1-27 What is the objective of PRT?

A: to prepare Soldiers to meet the physical demands related to mission and C- or D-METL


49. Para 1-27 Why are exercises, drills, and activities methodically sequenced?

A: to adequately challenge all Soldiers through progressive conditioning of the entire body while controlling injuries


50. Para 2-1 What is the definition of Army physical readiness?

A: the ability to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty position, accomplish the mission, and continue to fight and win


51. Para 2-1 What is the goal of the Army Physical Fitness Training Program?

A: to develop Soldiers who are physically capable and ready to perform their duty assignments or combat roles


52. Para 2-2 What does the initial conditioning phase do?

A: prepares future Soldiers to learn and adapt to Army PRT


53. Para 2-2 What does the toughening phase activities develop?

A: foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills that prepare Soldiers to transition to the sustaining phase


54. Para 2-2 What does the sustaining phase activities develop?

A: a higher level of physical readiness required by duty position and C- or D-METL


55. Para 2-2 What does reconditioning do?

A: restores Soldiers’ physical fitness levels that enable them to safely re-enter the toughening or sustaining phase and progress to their previous level of


56. Para 2-2 What are the types of PRT training?

A: Types of PRT training include on-ground, off-ground, and combatives


57. Para 2-2 What are three fundamental components within the types of training?

A: 1. strength

2. endurance

3. mobility


58. Para 2-2 What principles does phase training follow?

A: precision, progression, and integration


59. Para 2-3 What is the purpose of the initial conditioning phase?

A: to establish a safe starting point for people considering entering the Army


60. Para 2-3 When is the initial conditioning phase conducted?

A: it is conducted before enlistment or pre-commissioning


61. Para 2-4 What is the purpose of the toughening phase?

A: to develop foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills


62. Para 2-4 During the toughening phase what does a variety of training activities with precise standards of execution ensure?

A: that bones, muscles, and connective tissues gradually toughen, rather than break


63. Para 2-4 What do the essential skills of the toughening phase activities develop?

A: jumping, landing, climbing, lunging, bending, reaching, and lifting


64. Para 2-4 When does the toughening phase occur?

A: during IMT, basic combat training (BCT), one station unit training (OSUT) (red/white/blue phases), and Basic Officer Leader Course A (BOLC A)


65. Para 2-5 What is the purpose of the sustaining phase?

A: to continue physical development and maintain a high level of physical readiness appropriate to duty position and the requirements of the unit’s C- or
D-METL as it applies to ARFORGEN


66. Para 2-5 When are the sustaining phase activities conducted?

A: in unit PRT throughout the Army


67. Para 2-6 What is the objective of reconditioning?

A: to restore physical fitness levels that enable Soldiers to reenter the toughening or sustaining phase safely, and then progress to their previous levels of conditioning


68. Para 2-6 When may Soldiers participate in reconditioning?

A: after rehabilitation and recovery from injury or illness, and then re-enter training in the toughening or sustaining phases


69. Para 2-7 What factors can cause Soldiers to move from the toughening or sustaining phases to reconditioning?

A: extended deployment, field training, block leave, and recovery from illness or injury


70. Para 2-8 What principles does the conduct of Army PRT follow?

A: the principles of precision, progression, and integration


71. Para 2-9 What is precision?

A: Precision is the strict adherence to optimal execution standards for PRT activities


72. Para 2-9 What is precision based on?

A: Precision is based on the premise that the quality of the movement or form is just as important as the weight lifted, repetitions performed or speed of


73. Para 2-9 What does the adherance to precise execution standards in the conduct of all PRT activities ensure?

A: the development of body management and fundamental movement skills


74. Para 2-10 What is progression?

A: Progression is the systematic increase in the intensity, duration, volume, and difficulty of PRT activities


75. Para 2-10 What happens if proper PRT progression is not followed?

A: the Soldier is unable to adapt to the demands of training, the Soldier is then unable to recover, which leads to overtraining or the possibility of injury


76. Para 2-11 What is integration?  
A: the use of multiple training activities to achieve balance and appropriate recovery between activities in the PRT program

77. Para 2-11 What do military movement drills (MMDs) improve?

A: running form and movement under direct or indirect fire


78. Para 2-11 What do guerrilla drill (GD) develop?

A: the strength and skill associated with casualty evacuation and combatives


79. Para 2-12 What are the three components of training?

A: 1. Strength

2. Mobility

3. Endurance


80. Para 2-13 What is strength?

A: Strength is the ability to overcome resistance


81. Para 2-13 What are the two sub-components of strength?

A: absolute muscular strength and muscular endurance


82. Para 2-13 What is absolute muscular strength?

A: the capacity of a muscle/muscle group to exert a force against a maximal resistance


83. Para 2-13 What is muscular endurance?

A: the capacity of a muscle/muscle group to exert a force repeatedly or to hold a fixed or static contraction over a period time


84. Para 2-14 What is endurance?

A: the ability to sustain activity


85. Para 2-14 What are the two sub-components of endurance?

A: anaerobic and aerobic


86. Para 2-14 What is anaerobic?

A: the ability to sustain high-intensity activity of short duration


87. Para 2-14 What is aerobic?

A: low-intensity activity of long duration


88. Para 2-15 What are examples of anaerobic training?

A: speed running, individual movement techniques, and negotiation of obstacles


89. Para 2-15 What are examples of aerobic training?

A: foot marching, sustained running, cycling, and swimming


90. Para 2-16 What is mobility?

A: the functional application of strength and endurance


91. Para 2-17 What are the eight qualitative performance factors for improved mobility?

A: 1. Agility

2. Balance

3. Coordination

4. Flexability

5. Posture

6. Stability

7. Speed

8. Power 


92. Para 2-17 What is agility?

A: the ability to stop, start, change direction, and efficiently change body position


93. Para 2-17 What is balance?

A: the ability to maintain equilibrium


94. Para 2-17 What is coordination?

A: the ability to perform multiple tasks


95. Para 2-17 What is flexibility?

A: the range of movement at a joint and its surrounding muscles


96. Para 2-17 What is posture?

A: any position in which the body resides


97. Para 2-17 What is stability?

A: the ability to maintain or restore equilibrium when acted on by forces trying to displace it


98. Para 2-17 What is speed?

A: rate of movement


99. Para 2-17 What is power?

A: the product of strength and speed


100. Para 2-18 What are the three types of training incorporated in the PRT system?

A: 1. On-ground training

2. Off-ground training

3. Combatives


101. Para 2-19 What is On-ground training?

A: activities in which Soldiers maintain contact with the ground


102. Para 2-20 What is Off-ground training?

A: activities that take place off the ground briefly (jumping and landing) or while suspended above ground for longer periods (climbing bar and negotiation
of high obstacles)


103. Para 2-21 What is combatives?

A: techniques that deter or defeat opponents using projectile (weapons), striking and/or close range (grappling)


104. Para 3-1 What does success or failure of the PRT program depends upon?

A: the quality of its leadership


105. Para 3-2 How do officers, NCOs, and PRT leaders set and enforce standards PRT standards?

A: through complete mastery of FM 7-22 and the PRT Program


106. Para 3-2 Who should be able to explain and demonstrate all PRT activities?

A: officers, NCOs, and PRT leaders


107. Para 3-2 What is the first step in officers, NCOs, and PRT leaders developing confidence, assurance, and poise?

A: Mastery


108. Para 3-3 What affects the PRT leader effectiveness?

A: The personal appearance and physical qualifications of the PRT leader


109. Para 3-4 How do PRT leaders gain the confidence of the Soldiers?

A: by winning their respect


110. Para 3-4 What happens if Soldiers are exercised too violently?

A: they become so stiff and sore that they look upon the next PRT session with apprehension; Soldiers can develop an antagonistic attitude toward the leader and Instead of cooperating, they will malinger at every opportunity


111. Para 4-2 How long does it take for positive changes in physical fitness levels to take affect?

A: it takes at least six to eight weeks


112. Para 4-21 What is the purpose of the Army Pregnancy Postpartum Physical Training (PPPT) program?

A: to maintain health and fitness levels of pregnant Soldiers and to assist them in returning to pre-pregnancy fitness levels after the end of their pregnancy


113. Para 4-21 Who is responsible for the PPPT program?

A: The U.S. Army Medical Command has responsibility for the Army Pregnancy Postpartum Physical Training (PPPT) Program


114. Para 5-1 What are the three exercise principals?

A: 1. Precision

2. Progression

3. Integration


115. Para 5-2 What is precision?

A: strict adherence to the best execution standards for PRT activities


116. Para 5-4 What is progression?

A: the systematic increase in the intensity or duration of PRT activities


117. Para 5-4 During progression, what are the three things gradually increased to produce the desired physiological effect?

A: 1. Intensity

2. Exercise volume

3. Duration


118. Para 5-4 What is intensity?

A: resistance and pace of an exercise


119. Para 5-4 What is exercise volume?

A: number of sets and repetitions


120. Para 5-4 What is duration?

A: Time


121. Para 5-8 When does overtraining occur?

A: when training involves excessive frequency, intensity and/or duration of training that may result in extreme fatigue, illness or injury


122. Table 5-1 What are the five performance issues symptoms of Over Training Syndrome (OTS)?

A: 1. Early Fatigue

2. Increased Heart Rate w/less Effort

3. Decreased Strength, Endurance, Speed, and  Coordination

4. Decreased Aerobic Capacity

5. Delayed Recovery


123. Table 5-1 What are the eleven physiological symptoms of Over Training Syndrome?

A: 1. Persistent Fatigue

2. On-going Muscle Soreness

3. Loss of Appetite

4. Excessive Weight Loss

5. Excessive Loss of Body Fat

6. Irregular Menses

7. Increased Resting Heart Rate

8. Chronic Muscle Soreness

9. Increase in Overuse Injuries 

10. Difficulty Sleeping

11. Frequent Colds or Infections


124. Table 5-1 What are the six psychological symptoms of Over Training Syndrome?

A: 1. Irritation or Anger

2. Depression

3. Difficulty in Concentration

4. Difficulty in Concentration

5. Loss of Competitive Drive

6. Loss of Enthusiasm


125. Para 5-9 What does the term “overreaching” refer to?

A: the earliest phase of overtraining


126. Para 5-9 What does overreaching consists of?

A: extreme muscle soreness that occurs as a result of excessive training with inadequate rest/recovery between hard training sessions


127. Para 5-11 When does over use occur?

A: Continued overreaching without adequate rest/recovery and nutrient intake leads to overtraining and eventually overuse injuries


130. Para 5-15 What are the ten authorized exercises for corrective action?

A: 1. Rower

2. Squat Bender

3. Windmill

4. Prone row

5. Push up

6. V-up

7. Leg tuck and twist

8. Supine bicycle

9. Swimmer

10. Eight count push up


131. Para 5-15 What is the maximum repetitions of the authorized exercises for corrective actions?

A: The number of repetitions should not exceed FIVE


132. Para 5-15 How many of the authorized corrective action exercises can be given for each corrective action?

A: only one exercise may be selected for corrective actions


133. Para 5-18 What elements does PRT sessions consist of?

A: the elements of preparation, activities, and recovery


134. Para 5-19 What is the preparation drill (PD)?

A: a dynamic warm-up consisting of ten exercises that appropriately prepare Soldiers for more intense PRT activities


135. Para 5-20 What do activities address?

A: specific PRT goals in the areas of strength, endurance, and mobility


136. Para 5-20 How many days should strength and mobility be conducted?

A: at least two days


137. Para 5-20 How many days should endurance and mobility be conducted?

A: at least two days


138. Para 5-20 When should you perform speed running?

A: Perform speed running once per week, preferably in the middle of the week


139. Para 5-20 What should be conducted before the APFT?

A: The preparation drill (PD)


140. Para 5-20 What should be conducted after the conclusion of the AFPT?

A: The Recovery Drill (RD)


141. Para 5-20 What is the preferred day to conduct the APFT?

A: the APFT should be scheduled on Monday to allow for recovery provided by the weekend


145. Table 5-3 Where can you find a toughening phase schedule?

A: FM 7-22 Table 5-3


146. Para 5-26 What units should be in the sustaining phase?

A: operational units


147. Table 5-6 Where can you find a sustaining phase PRT daily session overview?

A: FM 7-22 Table 5-6


148. Para 5-42 How many times a week should PRT be conducted?

A: PRT should be conducted four to five days per week according to AR 350-1


149. Table 5-11 Where can you find a unit PRT train/ready schedule?

A: FM 7-22 Table 5-11


150. Para 6-1 When can special conditioning programs (SCP) be conducted?

A: They will  be conducted during normal duty hours


151. Para 6-1 Who can be included in special conditioning programs?

A: 1. APFT or unit PRT goal failure

2. Soldiers on the AWCP

3. Reconditioning


152. Para 6-1 What is the purpose of the special conditioning programs (SCP)?

A: the SCP programs are not punitive; their purpose is to improve the physical readiness of Soldiers


153. Para 6-1 What four factors should be considered when Soldiers fail to meet APFT standards or unit goals?

A: 1. Time in training

2. Regular PRT participation

3. Prolonged deployment

4. Recovery from injury, illness or medical condition (physical profile)


154. Para 6-9 What is an Injury?

A: any intentional or unintentional damage to the body resulting from acute or chronic exposure to mechanical, thermal, electrical, or chemical energy, and
from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen

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