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Physical Readiness Training (PRT) 


1. What does FM 7-22 cover?
A: The Army’s Physical Readiness Training Program.

2. What FM covers the Physical Readiness Training Program?
A: FM 7-22.

3. What does PRT stand for?
A: Physical Readiness Training.

4. What does PRT prepare Soldiers and units for?
A: for the physical challenges of fulfilling the mission.

 5. Para 1-3 What is physical readiness?
A: Physical readiness is the ability to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty position, accomplish the mission, and continue to fight and win.


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Army PRT FM 7-22, Physical Readiness Training.  The purpose is to help Soldiers become better educated and earn quicker Army promotions by assisting in not only their army educations but also their college educations as well.  The source for Army Doctrine 2015, NCO 2020 and Doctrine 2020.  The New Army Study Guide.  This site contains questions and answers for Army boards.   It has been designed to assist Soldiers in preparing for promotion boards and competition boards.  All the questions and answers are directly from Army publications and are designed in a way for Soldiers to learn these publications while also preparing for boards.  It is also managed and updated frequently to keep up with changing army publications so please inform TOP if there is outdated material so that he can keep the material relevant and updated.  Also, Please do not hesitate to contact TOP if there is a board subject that you would like to see added. 

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​.6. Para 1-4 Why is physical readiness training a mandatory training requirement?

A: 1. It is Considered by senior leaders to be essential to individual, unit, and force readiness.

2. It is Required by law for all individuals and units.

 

7. Para 1-5 Where do the tasks, conditions, and standards of PRT activities derive from?

A: from  C-METL, D-METL and WTBDs.

 

8. Para 1-5 What does C-METL stand for?

A: core mission essential task list.

 

9. Para 1-5 What does D-METL stand for?

A: directed mission essential task list.

 

10. Para 1-5 What does WTBDs stand for?

A: warrior tasks and battle drills.

 

11. Para 1-6 What are the seven principles of training that PRT links to?

A: 1. Commanders and Other Leaders are Responsible for Training.

2. Noncommissioned Officers Train Individuals, Crews, and Small Teams.

3. Train as You Will Fight.

4. Train to Standard.

5. Train to Sustain.

6. Conduct Multiechelon and Concurrent Training.

7. Train to Develop Agile Leaders and Organizations.

 

12. Para 1-7 Who’s program is the physical readiness training program?

A: The Commander’s Program.

 

13. Para 1-7 Who is essential to a successful PRT program and why?

A: Senior NCOs because they are often the most experienced trainers in the unit.

 

14. Para 1-8 What are some  things commanders must do to optimize the effect of PRT?

A: 1. Incorporate mission command. 

2. Train to standard.  

3. Assess individual and unit physical readiness.  

4. Ensure training is realistic. 

5. Ensure training replicates the operational environment.

 

15. Para 1-9 What do Noncommissioned officers serve as the primary trainers for?

A: enlisted Soldiers, crews, and small teams.

 

16. Para 1-9 What are  NCO’s three responsibilities to accomplish the PRT mission?

A: 1. Identify specific tasks that PRT enhances.

2. Prepare, rehearse, and execute PRT.

3. Evaluate PRT and conduct AARs. 

 

17. Para 1-10 Who is responsible to train junior NCOs and aid in developing junior officers in the mastery of PRT drills?

A: Senior NCO’s.

 

18. Para 1-12 What is the principle that all Army training is based on?

A: “Train as you will fight”.

 

19. Para 1-13 What does the toughening phase training provide?

A: provides foundational fitness and fundamental motor skills.

 

20. Para 1-14 What are the eight tenets of train as you will fight, as they relate to PRT?

A: 1. PRT must support full spectrum operations.  

2. PRT must support proficiency.  

3. PRT must focus on training the fundamentals. 

4. PRT must be performance-oriented. 

5. PRT should incorporate challenging, complex, and uncomfortable situations. 

6. PRT must incorporate safety.  

7. PRT must replicate the operational environment. 

8. PRT must be conducted during deployments.

 

21. Para 1-15 How should Army PRT be conducted?

A: Army PRT should be tough, realistic, and physically challenging, yet safe in its execution.

 

22. Para 1-15 What is the objective of PRT being tough, realistic, and physically challenging?

A: The objective is to develop Soldiers’ physical capabilities to perform their duty assignments and combat roles.

 

23. Para 1-15 What are the fundamental skills that physical readiness training activities include?

A: climbing, crawling, jumping, landing, and sprinting, combatives, and military movement.

 

24. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of employ hand grenade?

A: 1. Run under load.

2. jump.

3. bound.

4. high/low crawl.

5. climb.

6. push.

7. pull.

8. squat.

9. lunge.

10. roll.

11. stop,  start, change direction.

12. get up/down.

13. throw.

 

25. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of perform individual movement techniques?

A: 1. March/run under load.

2. jump.

3. bound.

4. high/low crawl.

5. climb.

6. push.

7. pull.

8. squat.

9. lunge.

10. roll.

11. stop, start, change direction.

12. get up/down.

 

26. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of Navigate from one point to another?

A: 1. March/run under load. 

2. jump.

3. bound.

4. high/low crawl.

5. climb.

6. push.

7. pull.

8. squat.

9. lunge.

10. roll.

11. stop, start, change direction.

12. get up/down.

 

27. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of move under fire?

A: 1.0 Run fast under load.

2. jump, bound.

3. crawl.

4. push.

5. pull.

6. squat.

7. roll.

8. stop.

9. start.

10. change direction.

11. get up/down.

 

28. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of perform Combatives?

A: 1. React to man to man contact.

2. push.

3. pull.

4. run.

5. roll.

6. throw.

7. land.

8. manipulate body weight.

9. squat.

10. lunge.

11. rotate.

12. bend.

13. block.

14. strike.

15. kick.

​16. stop, start, change direction.

17. get up/down.

 

29. Table 1-2 What are the Physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of Assess and Respond to Threats (Escalation of Force)?

A: 1. React to man to man contact.

2. push.

3. pull.

4. run.

5. roll.

6. throw.

7. land.

8. manipulate body weight.

9. squat.

10. lunge.

11. rotate.

12. bend.

13. block.

14. strike.

15. kick.

​16. Stop, start, change direction. 

17. get up/down.

18. Run under load.

19 jump.

20. bound.

​21. high/low crawl.

22. climb.

23. push.

24. pull.

 

30. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of react to contact?

A: 1. Run fast under load.

2. jump.

3. bound.

4. crawl.

5. push.

6. pull.

7. squat.

8. roll.

9. stop.

10. start.

11. change direction.

12. get up/down.

 

31. Table 1-2 What are the physical requirements to perform the WTBD task of evacuate a casualty?

A: 1. Squat.

2. lunge.

3. flex/extend/rotate trunk.

4 walk/run.

5. lift.

6. carry.

 

32. Para 1-17 What are the critical components of physical conditioning?

A: 1. strength.

2. endurance.

3. mobility.

 

33. Table 1-3 What are the PRT Components that make up Strength?

A: Muscular Strength and Muscular Endurance.

 

34. Table 1-3 What are the PRT components that make up endurance?

A: Anaerobic Endurance and Aerobic Endurance.

 

35. Table 1-3 What are the eight PRT Components that make up mobility?

A: 1. Agility.

2. Balance.

3. Coordination.

4. Flexibility.

5. Posture.

6. Stability.

7. Speed.

8. Power.

 

36. Table 1-4 Name 6 PRT Activities?

A: 1. Conditioning Drill.

2, Conditioning Drill.

3, Guerrilla Drill.

4 Climbing Drill 1.

5. Climbing Drill 2.

6. Strength Training Circuit.

7. Military Movement Drill 1.

8. Military Movement Drill 2.

9. 30:60’s, 60:120’s, 300-yd Shuttle Run.

10. Ability Group Run.

11. Unit Formation Run.

12. Release Run.

13. Terrain Run.

14. Hill Repeats.

15. Foot Marching.

16. Obstacle Course Negotiation.

17. Combatives.

 

37. Para 1-18 What should be the goal of all training?

A: mastery, not just proficiency.

 

38. Para 1-18 What are the three tenets of standards-based training?

A: 1. Leaders know and enforce standards .

2. Leaders define success in the absence of standards.

3. Leaders train to standard, not time.

 

39. Para 1-20 How do Commanders intensify training experiences?

A: by varying training conditions.

 

40. Para 1-20 To prepare Soldiers to meet the physical demands of their profession, a system of training must focus on what?

A: the development of strength, endurance and mobility, plus the enhancement of the body’s metabolic pathways.

 

41. Para 1-20 Standards are achieved through precise control of what four things?

A: 1. Prescribe appropriate intensity and duration to which Soldiers perform PRT.

2. Properly distribute external loads across the major joints of the body.

3. Integrate and balance the components of strength, endurance, and mobility.

4. Provide adequate rest, recovery, and nutrition.

 

42. Para 1-22 What is the key to maintaining unit proficiency despite personnel turbulence and operational deployments?

A: Sustainment training.

 

43. Para 1-23 What is Multi-echelon training?

A: Multi-echelon training is the simultaneous training of more than one echelon on different tasks.

 

44. Para 1-23 What are the distinct characteristics of Multi-echelon training?

A: 1. They require detailed planning and coordination. 

2. They maintain battle focus. 

3. They habitually train at least two echelons simultaneously. 

 

45. Para 1-24 When does Concurrent training occur?

A: when a leader conducts training within another type of training.

 

46. Para 1-25 What are three training phases of PRT?

A: 1. Initial conditioning.

2. Toughening.

3. Sustaining.

 

47. Para 1-26 Who has an opportunity to lead every day during PRT?

A: Noncommissioned officers have an opportunity to lead every day during PRT.

 

48. Para 1-27 What is the objective of PRT?

A: to prepare Soldiers to meet the physical demands related to mission and C- or D-METL.

 

49. Para 1-27 Why are exercises, drills, and activities methodically sequenced?

A: to adequately challenge all Soldiers through progressive conditioning of the entire body while controlling injuries.

 

50. Para 2-1 What is the definition of Army physical readiness?

A: the ability to meet the physical demands of any combat or duty position, accomplish the mission, and continue to fight and win.

 

51. Para 2-1 What is the goal of the Army Physical Fitness Training Program?

A: to develop Soldiers who are physically capable and ready to perform their duty assignments or combat roles.

 

52. Para 2-2 What does the initial conditioning phase do?

A: prepares future Soldiers to learn and adapt to Army PRT.

 

53. Para 2-2 What does the toughening phase activities develop?

A: foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills that prepare Soldiers to transition to the sustaining phase.

 

54. Para 2-2 What does the sustaining phase activities develop?

A: a higher level of physical readiness required by duty position.

 

55. Para 2-2 What does reconditioning do?

A: restores Soldiers’ physical fitness levels. 
 

56. Para 2-2 What are the types of PRT training?

A: Types of PRT training include on-ground, off-ground, and combatives.

 

57. Para 2-2 What are three fundamental components within the types of training?

A: 1. strength.

2. endurance.

3. mobility.

 

58. Para 2-2 What principles does phase training follow?

A: precision, progression, and integration.

 

59. Para 2-3 What is the purpose of the initial conditioning phase?

A: to establish a safe starting point for people considering entering the Army.

 

60. Para 2-3 When is the initial conditioning phase conducted?

A: it is conducted before enlistment or pre-commissioning.

 

61. Para 2-4 What is the purpose of the toughening phase?

A: to develop foundational fitness and fundamental movement skills.

 

62. Para 2-4 What is strengthened during the toughening phase?

A: the bones, muscles, and connective tissues gradually toughen, rather than break.

 

63. Para 2-4 What do the essential skills of the toughening phase activities develop?

A: jumping, landing, climbing, lunging, bending, reaching, and lifting.

 

64. Para 2-4 When does the toughening phase occur?

A: during Initial Military Training (IMT, basic combat training (BCT), one station unit training (OSUT) (red/white/blue phases).

 

65. Para 2-5 What is the purpose of the sustaining phase?

A: to continue physical development and maintain a high level of physical readiness appropriate to duty position and the requirements of the unit’s C- or D-METL as it applies to ARFORGEN.

 

66. Para 2-5 When are the sustaining phase activities conducted?

A: in unit PRT throughout the Army.

 

67. Para 2-6 What is the objective of reconditioning?

A: to restore physical fitness levels that enable Soldiers to reenter the toughening or sustaining phase safely.

 

68. Para 2-6 When may Soldiers participate in reconditioning?

A: after rehabilitation and recovery from injury or illness, and then re-enter training in the toughening or sustaining phases.

 

69. Para 2-7 What factors can cause Soldiers to move from the toughening or sustaining phases to reconditioning?

A: extended deployment, field training, block leave, and recovery from illness or injury.

 

70. Para 2-8 What principles does the conduct of Army PRT follow?

A: the principles of precision, progression, and integration.

 

71. Para 2-9 What is precision?

A: Precision is the strict adherence to optimal execution standards for PRT activities.

 

72. Para 2-9 What is precision based on?

A: the premise that the quality of the movement or form is just as important as the weight lifted, repetitions performed or speed of running.

 

73. Para 2-9 What does the adherance to precise execution standards in the conduct of all PRT activities ensure?

A: the development of body management and fundamental movement skills.

 

74. Para 2-10 What is progression?

A: the systematic increase in the intensity, duration, volume, and difficulty of PRT activities.

 

75. Para 2-10 What happens if proper PRT progression is not followed?

A: the Soldier is then unable to recover, which leads to over training or the possibility of injury.

 

76. Para 2-11 What is integration?  
A: the use of multiple training activities to achieve balance and appropriate recovery between activities in the PRT program.


77. Para 2-11 What do military movement drills (MMDs) improve?

A: running form and movement under direct or indirect fire.

 

78. Para 2-11 What do guerrilla drill (GD) develop?

A: the strength and skill associated with casualty evacuation and combatives.

 

79. Para 2-12 What are the three components of training?

A: 1. Strength.

2. Mobility.

3. Endurance.

 

80. Para 2-13 What is strength?

A: the ability to overcome resistance.

 

81. Para 2-13 What are the two sub-components of strength?

A: absolute muscular strength and muscular endurance.

 

82. Para 2-13 What is absolute muscular strength?

A: the capacity of a muscle/muscle group to exert a force against a maximal resistance.

 

83. Para 2-13 What is muscular endurance?

A: the capacity of a muscle/muscle group to exert a force repeatedly or to hold a fixed or static contraction over a period time.

 

84. Para 2-14 What is endurance?

A: the ability to sustain activity.

 

85. Para 2-14 What are the two sub-components of endurance?

A: anaerobic and aerobic.

 

86. Para 2-14 What is anaerobic?

A: the ability to sustain high-intensity activity of short duration.

 

87. Para 2-14 What is aerobic?

A: low-intensity activity of long duration.

 

88. Para 2-15 What are examples of anaerobic training?

A: speed running, individual movement techniques, and negotiation of obstacles.

 

89. Para 2-15 What are examples of aerobic training?

A: foot marching, sustained running, cycling, and swimming.

 

90. Para 2-16 What is mobility?

A: the functional application of strength and endurance.

 

91. Para 2-17 What are the eight qualitative performance factors for improved mobility?

A: 1. Agility.

2. Balance.

3. Coordination.

4. Flexibility.

5. Posture.

6. Stability.

7. Speed.

8. Power.

 

92. Para 2-17 What is agility?

A: the ability to stop, start, change direction, and efficiently change body position.

 

93. Para 2-17 What is balance?

A: the ability to maintain equilibrium.

 

94. Para 2-17 What is coordination?

A: the ability to perform multiple tasks.

  

95. Para 2-17 What is flexibility?

A: the range of movement at a joint and its surrounding muscles.

  

96. Para 2-17 What is posture?

A: any position in which the body resides.

  

97. Para 2-17 What is stability?

A: the ability to maintain or restore equilibrium when acted on by forces trying to displace it.

 

98. Para 2-17 What is speed?

A: rate of movement.

 

99. Para 2-17 What is power?

A: the product of strength and speed.

 

100. Para 2-18 What are the three types of training incorporated in the PRT system?

A: 1. On-ground training.

2. Off-ground training.

3. Combatives.

 

101. Para 2-19 What is On-ground training?

A: activities in which Soldiers maintain contact with the ground.

 

102. Para 2-20 What is Off-ground training?

A: activities that take place off the ground briefly (jumping and landing). 

 

103. Para 2-21 What is combatives?

A: techniques that deter or defeat opponents using projectile (weapons), striking and/or close range (grappling).

 

104. Para 3-1 What does success or failure of the PRT program depends upon?

A: the quality of its leadership.

 

105. Para 3-2 How do officers, NCOs, and PRT leaders set and enforce PRT standards?

A: through complete mastery of FM 7-22 and the PRT Program.

 

106. Para 3-2 Who should be able to explain and demonstrate all PRT activities?

A: officers, NCOs, and PRT leaders.

 

107. Para 3-2 What is the first step in officers, NCOs, and PRT leaders developing confidence, assurance, and poise?

A: Mastery.

 

108. Para 3-3 What affects the PRT leader effectiveness?

A: personal appearance and physical qualifications.

 

109. Para 3-4 How do PRT leaders gain the confidence of the Soldiers?

A: by winning their respect.

 

110. Para 3-4 What happens if Soldiers are exercised too violently?

A: they become so stiff and sore that they look upon the next PRT session with apprehension. 

 

111. Para 4-2 How long does it take for positive changes in physical fitness levels to take affect?

A: it takes at least six to eight weeks.

 

112. Para 4-21 What is the purpose of the Army Pregnancy Postpartum Physical Training (PPPT) program?

A: to maintain health and fitness levels of pregnant Soldiers and to assist them in returning to fitness after pregnancy.

 

113. Para 4-21 Who is responsible for the PPPT program?

A: The U.S. Army Medical Command. 

 

114. Para 5-1 What are the three exercise principals?

A: 1. Precision.

2. Progression.

3. Integration.

 

115. Para 5-2 What is precision?

A: strict adherence to the best execution standards for PRT activities.

 

116. Para 5-4 What is progression?

A: the systematic increase in the intensity or duration of PRT activities.

 

117. Para 5-4 During progression, what three things gradually increase to produce the desired effect?

A: 1. Intensity.

2. Exercise volume.

3. Duration.

 

118. Para 5-4 What is intensity?

A: resistance and pace of an exercise.

 

119. Para 5-4 What is exercise volume?

A: number of sets and repetitions.

 

120. Para 5-4 What is duration?

A: Time.

 

121. Para 5-8 When does overtraining occur?

A: when training involves excessive frequency, intensity and/or duration of training that may result in extreme fatigue, illness or injury.

 

122. Table 5-1 What are five symptoms of Over Training Syndrome (OTS)?

A: 1. Early Fatigue.

2. Increased Heart Rate w/less Effort.

3. Decreased Strength, Endurance, Speed, and  Coordination.

4. Decreased Aerobic Capacity.

5. Delayed Recovery.

 

123. Table 5-1 What are four physiological symptoms of Over Training Syndrome?

A: 1. Persistent Fatigue.

2. On-going Muscle Soreness.

3. Loss of Appetite.

4. Excessive Weight Loss.

5. Excessive Loss of Body Fat.

6. Irregular Menses.

7. Increased Resting Heart Rate.

8. Chronic Muscle Soreness.

9. Increase in Overuse Injuries.

10. Difficulty Sleeping.

11. Frequent Colds or Infections.

 

124. Table 5-1 What are five psychological symptoms of Over Training Syndrome?

A: 1. Irritation or Anger.

2. Depression.

3. Difficulty in Concentration.

4. Loss of Competitive Drive.

5. Loss of Enthusiasm.

 

125. Para 5-9 What does the term “overreaching” refer to?

A: the earliest phase of overtraining.

 

126. Para 5-9 What does overreaching consists of?

A: extreme muscle soreness that occurs as a result of excessive training with inadequate rest and recovery. 

 

127. Para 5-11 When does over use occur?

A: Continued overreaching without adequate rest/recovery and nutrient intake leads to overtraining and eventually overuse injuries.

 

128. Para 5-15 What are ten authorized exercises for corrective action?

A: 1. Rower.

2. Squat Bender.

3. Windmill.

4. Prone row.

5. Push up.

6. V-up.

7. Leg tuck and twist.

8. Supine bicycle.

9. Swimmer.

10. Eight count push up.

 

129. Para 5-15 What is the maximum repetitions of the authorized exercises for corrective actions?

A: The number of repetitions should not exceed FIVE.

 

130. Para 5-15 How many of the authorized corrective action exercises can be given for each corrective action?

A: only one exercise may be selected for corrective actions.

 

131. Para 5-18 What elements does PRT sessions consist of?

A: the elements of preparation, activities, and recovery.

 

132. Para 5-19 What is the preparation drill (PD)?

A: a dynamic warm-up consisting of ten exercises that appropriately prepare Soldiers for more intense PRT activities.

 

133. Para 5-20 What do activities address?

A: specific PRT goals in the areas of strength, endurance, and mobility.

 

134. Para 5-20 How many days should strength and mobility be conducted?

A: at least two days.

 

135. Para 5-20 How many days should endurance and mobility be conducted?

A: at least two days.

 

136. Para 5-20 When should you perform speed running?

A: Perform speed running once per week, preferably in the middle of the week.

 

137. Para 5-20 What should be conducted before the APFT?

A: The preparation drill (PD).

 

138. Para 5-20 What should be conducted after the conclusion of the AFPT?

A: The Recovery Drill (RD).

 

139. Para 5-20 What is the preferred day to conduct the APFT?

A: the APFT should be scheduled on Monday to allow for recovery provided by the weekend.

 

140. Table 5-3 Where can you find a toughening phase schedule?

A: FM 7-22 Table 5-3.

 

141. Para 5-26 What units should be in the sustaining phase?

A: operational units.

 

142. Table 5-6 Where can you find a sustaining phase PRT daily session overview?

A: FM 7-22 Table 5-6.

 

143. Para 5-42 How many times a week should PRT be conducted?

A: PRT should be conducted four to five days per week according to AR 350-1.

 

144. Table 5-11 Where can you find a unit PRT train/ready schedule?

A: FM 7-22 Table 5-11.

 

145. Para 6-1 When can special conditioning programs (SCP) be conducted?

A: They will  be conducted during normal duty hours.

 

146. Para 6-1 Who can be included in special conditioning programs?

A: 1. APFT or unit PRT goal failure.

2. Soldiers on the AWCP.

3. Reconditioning.

 

147. Para 6-1 What is the purpose of the special conditioning programs (SCP)?

A: the SCP programs are not punitive; their purpose is to improve the physical readiness of Soldiers.

 

148. Para 6-1 What four factors should be considered when Soldiers fail to meet APFT standards or unit goals?

A: 1. Time in training.

2. Regular PRT participation.

3. Prolonged deployment.

4. Recovery from injury, illness or medical condition (physical profile).

 

149. Para 6-9 What is an Injury?

A: any intentional or unintentional damage to the body.



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