AR 27-10 Military Justice . This site contains Questions and Answers for Army Boards and this page has Board Questions from AR 27-10. The purpose is to help Soldiers become better Educated and earn quicker Army Promotions by assisting in not only their Army Educations but also their College Educations as well. The Source for "Army Doctrine 2015" lots more Questions than one page for each Subject. It has been designed to assist Soldiers in preparing for Promotion Boards and Competition Boards. All the Questions and Answers are directly from Army Publications and are designed in a way for Soldiers to learn these Publications while also preparing for Boards. It is also managed and updated frequently to keep up with Changing Army Publications so please inform TOP if there is outdated material so that he can keep the material relevant and updated. Also, Please do not hesitate to contact TOP if there is a Board Topic that you would like to see added.
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Military Justice AR 27-10
1. What does AR 27-10 CH 3 cover?
A: UCMJ Nonjudicial Punishment
2. What Publication Covers Nonjudicial Punishment?
A: AR 27-10 Chapter 3
3. What does the acronym UCMJ stand for?
A: Uniformed Code of Military Justice
4. What does the acronym MCM stand for?
A: Manual for Courts Martial
5. Paragraph 3-2 Why should Comanders use Nonpunitive measures to the fullest extent?
A: to further the efficiency of the command before resorting to Nonjudicial punishment
6. Para 3-2 In what cases is the use of Nonjudicial punishment considered appropriate?
A: Use of Nonjudicial punishment is proper in all cases involving minor offenses in which Nonpunitive measures are considered inadequate or inappropriate
7. Para 3-2 What should be done if it is clear that Nonjudicial punishment will not be sufficient?
A: If Nonjudicial punishment will not be sufficient to meet the ends of justice, more stringent measures must be taken
8. Para 3-2 What is essential for Nonjudicial punishment to have the proper corrective effect?
A: Prompt Action
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9. Para 3-2 What are the three reasons that Nonjucicial Punishment should be imposed?
A: 1. Correct, educate, and reform offenders whom the imposing commander determines cannot benefit from less stringent measures.
2. Preserve a Soldier’s record of service from unnecessary stigma by record of court-martial conviction.
3. Further military efficiency by disposing of minor offenses in a manner requiring less time and personnel than trial
10. Para 3-3 What is Nonjudicial punishment used to correct?
A: to correct misconduct in violation of the UCMJ
11. Para 3-3 What does misconduct in violation of the UCMJ usually result from?
A: Such conduct may result from intentional disregard of, or failure to comply with, prescribed standards of military conduct
12. Para 3-3 What type of conduct does Nonpunitive measures usually deal with?
A: it usually deals with misconduct resulting from simple neglect, forgetfulness, laziness, inattention to instructions, sloppy habits, immaturity, difficulty in adjusting to disciplined military life, and similar deficiencies
13. Para 3-3 What are Nonpunitive measures?
A: are primarily tools for teaching proper standards of conduct and performance and do not constitute punishment
14. Para 3-3 What are some Nonpunitive measures?
A: denial of pass or other privileges, counseling, administrative reduction in grade, administrative reprimands and admonitions, extra training, bar to reenlistment, and military occupational specialty (MOS) reclassification
15. Para 3-3 Who has the Authority to give admonitions or reprimands either as an administrative measure or as Nonjudicial punishment?
A: Commanding officers have authority to give admonitions or reprimands
16. Para 3-3 What is One of the most effective Nonpunitive measures available to a commander?
A: Extra training or instruction
17. Para 3-3 When is Extra training or instruction used?
A: It is used when a Soldier’s duty performance has been substandard or deficient; for example, a Soldier who fails to maintain proper attire may be required to attend classes on the wearing of the uniform and stand inspection until the deficiency is corrected
18. Para 3-3 How must the training or instruction be given?
A: must relate directly to the deficiency observed and must be oriented to correct that particular deficiency
19. Para 3-3 When can Extra training or instruction be given?
A: Extra training or instruction may be conducted after duty hours
20. Para 3-4 Who can direct that a subordinate authority impose punishment under UCMJ, Art. 15?
A: No superior can direct that a subordinate authority impose punishment under UCMJ, Art. 15
21. Para 3-4 Can a BDE or BN Commander issue regulations, orders, or so-called “guides” that either directly or indirectly suggest to subordinate commanders impose UCMJ for certain offenses?
22. Para 3-8 Who can Nonjudicial punishment may be imposed upon?
A: Military personnel of a commander’s command
23. Para 3-9 What is considered Minor Offenses?
A: the term “minor” includes misconduct not involving any greater degree of criminality than is involved in the average offense tried by summary court-martial (SCM).
24. Para 3-9 What does SCM stand for?
A: Summary Court Martial
25. Para 3-9 What does GCM stand for?
A: General Court Martial
26. Para 3-9 If a Soldier is given Nonjudicial punishment for what is thought to be a minor offense that was actually Not a Minor Offense can the Soldier still be tried by a court martial?
A: Yes; (even when thought by the Commander to be minor it is not a bar to subsequent trial by court martial if that offense would normally be tried by court martial
27. Para 3-9 When Nonjudicial punishment has been imposed for an offense can punishment be imposed again for the same offense under UCMJ, Art. 15?
A: No; Once Nonjudicial punishment has been imposed, it may not be increased, upon appeal or otherwise.
28. Para 3-9 Can a Commander issue multiple punishments to a Soldier under UCMJ?
A: all known offenses determined to be appropriate for disposition by Nonjudicial punishment and ready to be considered at that time, including all offenses arising from a single incident or course of conduct, will ordinarily be considered together and not made the basis for multiple punishments
29. Para 3-12 How long after an incident can Nonjudicial Punishment be imposed?
A: Not more than 2 years before the date of imposition
30. Para 3-12 What is the Statute of Limitations for Nonjudicial Punishment?
A: 2 Years; unless the Soldier concerned is absent without authority; fleeing from justice; outside the territory where the United States has authority to apprehend; in the custody of civil authorities; or, in the hands of the enemy
31. Para 3-16 What are the two types of Nonjudicial Punishment that a Company Commander may impose?
A: Summary or Company Grade
32. Para 3-16 What is the maximum punishment for a Summary Article 15?
A: 1. Extra duties for 14 days.
2. Restriction for 14 days.
3. Oral reprimand or admonition.
4. Any combination of the above.
33. Para 3-16 Is the Soldier allowed to consult defense if receiving a Summary Article 15?
34. Para 3-16 Is a Soldier allowed to demand Trial by Court Martial if receiving a Summary Article 15?
35. Para 3-16 Under a Summary Article 15 how long is normally given to the Soldier to decide if they choose to demand trial by court martial?
A: usually 24 hours
36. Para 3-16 How long is a Soldier normally given to Appeal a Summary Article 15?
A: Normally no longer than 5 days
37. Para 3-18 Can a Commander delegate the notification of Article 15 to authorize a commissioned officer or NCO?
A: Yes as long as it is a SFC or above and provided such person is senior to the Soldier being notified,
38. Para 3-18 Who should the NCO performing the notification normally be?
A: The First Sergeant or Senior NCO of the Organization
39. Para 3-18 Does the Soldier have right to counsel if it is a Company Grade or Higher Article 15?
40. Para 3-18 How long will a Soldier be given to consult with Counsel?
A: Normally 48 hours unless it proves difficult at the duty station at which Legal will advise the Commander of the time frame
41. Para 3-19 Who are commanders are encouraged to consult prior to giving punishment under UCMJ?
A: Their NCO’s
42. Para 3-19 What are the kinds and amounts of punishment authorized under the UCMJ, Art. 15?
A: Company Level:
1. Correctional custody for PFC and below: 7 days company
2. Confinement on bread and water or diminished rations: for PFC and below for personnel attached to or embarked on a vessel 3 days company level
3. Restriction: 14 days for Company
4. Arrest in quarters: None
5. Extra duties: 14 days for Company
6. Reduction in grade: 1 grade Company Level
7. Forfeiture of pay: 7 days pay for Company level 8. Combination and apportionment
Field Grade and Higher Level:
1. Correctional custody: for PFC and below 30 days
2. Confinement on bread and water or diminished rations: for PFC and below for personnel attached to or embarked on a vessel: 4 days battalion or higher
3. Restriction: 60 days for Battalion and higher
4. Arrest in quarters: 30 days Battalion and higher
5. Extra duties: 45 days for Battalion and higher
6. Reduction in grade: 1 or more grades for E-4 and Below at BN and for 1 Grade for E-5& E-6 BN Or higher Level
7. Forfeiture of pay: ½ of one month’s pay for 2 months BN and above
8. Combination and apportionment can be a combination of above
43. Para 3-22 Can the Punishment be made public and put out at formation?
A: Yes; after the Appeal is completed
44. Para 3-22 Can the Article 15 be published on Bulletin Boards?
A: Yes after Social Security number has been removed
45. Para 3-22 What would be the purpose of Announcing or Posting the Article 15’s?
A: The purpose of announcing and posting the results of punishments is to preclude perceptions of unfairness of punishment and to deter similar misconduct by other Soldiers
46. Para 3-24 What does punishment is suspended mean?
A: Suspension is a grant of probational period during which a Soldier may show that the Soldier deserves a remission of the remaining suspended punishment
47. Para 3-24 How long can a punishment be suspended for Company and Higher Article 15’s?
A: punishment of reduction or forfeiture may be suspended only within a period of 4 months after the date imposed other suspensions can be for 6 months in length
48. Para 3-24 How long can a punishment be suspended for Summarized Article 15’s?
A: No more than 3 months
49. Para 3-25 What is Vacation of any suspended punishment?
A: if a Commander believes that a Soldier that is on Suspension has committed misconduct he can cancel the Suspension and uphold the punishments suspended without any formal proceedings
50. Para 3-26 What is Mitigation?
A: Mitigation is a reduction in either the quantity or quality of a punishment, for example, a punishment of correctional custody for 20 days reduced to 10 days or to restriction for 20 days but the days cannot be more than previous days
51. Para 3-27 What is Remission?
A: This is an action whereby any portion of the unexecuted punishment is canceled
52. Para 3-28 What is Setting aside and restoration?
A: This is an action whereby the punishment or any part or amount, whether executed or unexecuted, is set aside and any rights, privileges, or property affected by
the portion of the punishment set aside are restored
53. Para 3-28 What does Clear injustice mean?
A: “Clear injustice” means that there exists an unwaived legal or factual error that clearly and affirmatively injured the substantial rights of the Soldier
54. Para 3-28 How long does a Commander have to set aside a punishment or perform a restoration if a reduction in grade to a forfeiture of pay, absent unusual circumstances?
A: It must be exercised only within 4 months after the punishment has been executed
55. Para 3-29 How many Appeals can a soldier make to an Article 15 hearing?
A: Only one appeal is permissible under UCMJ, Art. 15 proceedings
56. Para 3-30 Who may act on an appeal?
A: The next superior authority to the commanding officer who imposed the UCMJ, Art. 15 punishment will act on an appeal if the Soldier punished is still of the
command of that officer at the time of appeal
57. Para 3-36 What is the form used for Article 15’s?
A: DA Form 2627
58. Para 3-4 Who may request the transfer of a record of Nonjudicial punishment from the performance section of their OMPF to the restricted section?
A: SGT and above
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