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Flags and Guidons, AR 840-10

1. What Publication Covers Flags and Guidons?
A: AR 840-10

2. What does AR 840-10 Cover?
A: Flags and Guidons

3. Para 1-4 What does TIOH Stand for?
A: The Institute of Heraldry

4. Para 1-4 What is TIOH responsible for?
A: (1) Developing and approving policies and procedures for the Army flag program.
(2) Monitoring the overall operation of the Army flag program

5. Para 1-4 Who is responsible for the care and storage of flags of inactive TOE units?
A: U.S. Army Center of Military History

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6. Para 1-7 What a Flags, guidons, streamers, and components are prohibited?
A: Those that are not listed in AR 840-10 or approved by the TIOH.

7. Para 1-7 Can U.S. military personnel in uniform or in civilian clothing acting in an official capacity carry flags of veterans’ groups or other nonmilitary organizations?
A: No it is prohibited

8. Para 1-7 What must happen if a flag becomes unserviceable?
A: it will be destroyed privately, preferably by burning, shredding or by some other method that does not show irreverence or disrespect to the flag

9. Para 2-1 What is the symbol of our nation?

A: The flag of the United States


10. Para 2-1 What is the “Honor Position” that the flag of the United States will receive?

A: the marching right, the flag’s own right or an observer’s left facing the flag


11. Para 2-2 Where will the flag of the United States always be displayed?

A: Outdoors at all Army installations


12. Para 2-2 What are the flags authorized to be flown below the flag of the United States?

A: the Minuteman flag

2. The Prisoner of War/Missing in Action (POW/MIA) flag

3. Retiree Flag

4. Commander-in-Chief’s Installation Excellence Award flag


13. Para 2-2 On what days may flags flown beneath the flag of the United States be flown?

A: 1. The POW/MIA flag will be flown beneath the flag of the United States on Armed Forces Day, the third Saturday in May

2. Memorial Day, the last Monday in May

3. Flag Day, June 14

4. Independence Day, July 4

5. National POW/MIA Day

6. Veterans Day, November 11 and on occasions when the installation is hosting POW/MIA activities

7.  The Retiree flag may be flown on Veterans Day or occasions when the installation is sponsoring activities for retirees such as open house or retiree day


14. Para 2-3 What are the Three authorized flags of the United States that are flown outside at installations; when are they flown and what are their sizes?

A: 1. The Garrison flag; flown on authorized federal holidays; 20-foot hoist by 38-foot fly

2. The Post flag; flown daily; 8-foot 11 3/8-inch hoist by 17-foot fly

3. The Storm flag; flown in inclement weather; 5-foot hoist by 9-foot 6-inch fly


15. Para 2-4 When will the flag of the United States be carried on ceremonial occasions?

A: when two or more companies or an appropriate honor guard participates


16. Para 2-4 Where are the occasions for the flag to fly at Halfstaff listed?

A: AR 600-25


17. Para 2-4 How is the flag raised and lowered for Halfstaff?

A: It is first hoisted to the top of the staff for an instant, then lowered to the halfstaff position at the end of the day the flag should again be raised to the top of the staff before it is lowered for the day


18. Para 2-4 What must Not happen when the flag is being lowered?

A: The flag must Not be allowed to touch the ground


19. Para 2-6 What are some prohibiting rules for the flag of the United States?

A: 1. No lettering or object of any kind will be placed on the flag of the United States.

2. No other flag or pennant will be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of the flag.

3. Will Not be dipped by way of salute or compliment

4. Will Always be displayed flat or hanging free. It will not be festooned over doorways or arches, tied in a bow knot, or fashioned into a rosette

5. Will Not be used to cover a speaker’s stand or to drape the front of a platform


20. Para 2-12 What must happen to an unserviceable flag that has historic value?

A: Tag containing the historical information should be attached to the flag, and it should be kept as a memento of service by the unit or office to which it belongs


21 Para 3-1 What are “Positional Colors”?

A: Positional colors are authorized to indicate the official status or rank of certain civilian and military officials of the Federal Government


22. Para 4-1 How many Army Flags are there?

A: Three


23. Para 4-1 What are the Three Army Flags?

A: 1. The US Army Ceremonial flag

2. The Army Display flag

3. The Army Field flag


24. Para 4-1 When was the U.S. Army Ceremonial flag, approved?

A: By Executive Order 10670, 12 June 1956,


25. Para 4-1 Which of the Army flags is the Senior Army flag?

A: The U.S. Army Ceremonial flag


 Para 4-1 Who is authorized a US Army Ceremonial flag?

A: Joint commands and agencies commanded by a General/flag officer or higher


27. Para 4-1 Who is authorized the US Army Display flag?

A: The commands which are authorized the U.S. Army Ceremonial flag


28. Para 4-1 What is the U.S. Army Display flag intended for?

A: This flag is intended for display in offices where the height restrictions preclude display of the U.S. Army Ceremonial flag


29. Para 4-1 How many streamers are on the US Army flag?

A: Over 180


30. Para 4-1 What do streamers represent?

A: Campaigns of the U.S. Army


31. Para 4-1 Are all the streamers always displayed on the US Army Ceremonial flag?

A: Yes; except during weather conditions that would adversely affect the proper handling


32. Para 4-1 What can be done about streamers for the US Army Ceremonial flag if weather conditions that would adversely affect the proper handling of the Army flag?

A: commands may limit representation to 33 streamers (which are designated in AR 840-10 para 4-1)


33. Para 4-1 What streamers are placed on the Army Display flag?

A: the 33 streamers designated in AR 840-10 para 4-1


34. Para 4-1 When the U.S. Army flag is not being carried, how will the streamers will be arranged?

A: will be arranged counter-clock wise in the order earned and with first (Lexington 1775) and last (Iraq Operation New Dawn 2010-2011) awarded streamers visible 


35. Para 4-11 What was the first Awarded campaign streamer for the U.S. Army flag?

A: Lexington 1775


36. Para 4-1 What was the last Awarded campaign streamer for the U.S. Army flag?

A: Iraq Operation New Dawn 2010-2011


37. Para 4-1 What is printed on campaign streamers?

A: The name of the campaign and the dates


38. Para 4-1 What will be the next awarded campaign streamer?

A: Afghanistan “Transition” 1 July 2001-Until completed


39. Para 4-2 When was the Army Field flag approved?

A: 12 April 1962 by the Under Secretary of the Army


40. Para 4-2 What streamers will be displayed on the Army Field flag?

A: None; Streamers will not be displayed on the Army Field flag


41. Para 5-1 What organizations are authorized a distinguishing flag?

A: 1. The unit is authorized a shoulder sleeve insignia in accordance with AR 670-l

2. The organization is a TDA unit authorized 300 or more military personnel. A copy of the permanent orders organizing the unit will be submitted to the Institute of Heraldry with the request for a distinguishing flag


42. Para 6-1 What are Guidons?

A: Guidons are unit identification markers approved by HQDA and authorized for TOE companies, batteries, troops,  detachments, and separate platoons and for TDA units with an authorized strength of 20 or more military personnel


43. Para 6-3 What is the Only Authorized abbreviation to denote the “Headquarters”  Element on guidons?

A: “HQ”


44. Para 6-3 What are some examples of Unauthorized abbreviations that denote “Headquarters” on a guidon?

A: “HHC” or “HQS” are both unauthorized to be on a Guidon


45. Para 6-32 When unserviceable what do you do with a Guidon that has seen War Service?

A: A War Service Guidon is Not burned or destroyed.  It is to be retained in a repository in the organization to which they belong as long as the organization remains in an active status


46. Para 6-32 What is done to unserviceable Guidons that have not seen War Service?

A: Disposal must be made in a dignified manner, preferably by burning


47. Para 7-11 How are the State and Territorial flags displayed?

A: State flags are to be displayed in the Order that they joined the Union.  They can also be displayed in alphabetical order as well.


48. Para 8-1 What is a Flagstaff?

A: The flagstaff is the staff on which a color, distinguishing flag, or guidon is carried or displayed


49. Para 8-2 What is another name for the Flagstaff head?

A: finial


50. Para 8-2 What is a finial?

A: the decorative ornament at the top of a flagstaff


51. Para 8-2 What are the Four authorized Finial’s for use by Army Organizations?

A: 1. Eagle; Presidential Staffs

2. Spearhead; only device used with Army flags

3. Acorn; Markers and marking pennants flagstaffs

4. Ball; Outdoor wall mounted for advertising or recruiting


52. Para 8-3 What is the decorative ornament that will be on the top of the Installation Flag Pole?

A: 1. Assist the user in remounting an accessory in the same position.

2. Allow standardization in the location of mounted accessories.

3. Identify reference points for discussions on accessory mounting locations


53. Para 9-1 What are the authorized streamers, silver bands and war service silver bands?

A: (l) U.S. and foreign decoration streamers.

(2) Infantry and medical streamers.

(3) Campaign streamers.

(4) Campaign silver bands.

(5) War service streamers.

(6) ROTC affiliation streamers


54. Para 9-1 Why are streamers awarded?

A: Streamers are awarded in recognition of a display of heroism or meritorious service that is the result of a group effort or to indicate campaign/war service


55. Para 9-1 Why are Silver Bands awarded?

A: A silver band is awarded for active Federal (or Confederate) military service in recognition of campaign participation by company size units


56. Para 9-1 Why are War Service Silver Bands awarded?

A: A war service silver band is awarded for active Federal military service to a unit authorized a guidon to recognize war service credit only when the unit is not authorized a silver band for a named campaign for service in the same theater or area of operations during the same war or conflict


57. Para 9-1 What Army Regulation describes rules or how to apply for Streamers and Silver Bands?

A: AR 600-8-22 and AR 870-5