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​Drill and Ceremony TC 3-21.5. The purpose is to help Soldiers become better educated and earn quicker Army promotions by assisting in not only their army educations but also their college educations as well.  The source for Army Doctrine 2015, NCO 2020 and Doctrine 2020.  The New Army Study Guide.  This site contains questions and answers for Army boards.   It has been designed to assist Soldiers in preparing for promotion boards and competition boards.  All the questions and answers are directly from Army publications and are designed in a way for Soldiers to learn these publications while also preparing for boards.  It is also managed and updated frequently to keep up with changing army publications so please inform TOP if there is outdated material so that he can keep the material relevant and updated.  Also, Please do not hesitate to contact TOP if there is a board subject that you would like to see added. 

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1. Q. What TC covers Drill and Ceremonies?
A. TC 3-21.5.

2. Q. 1-1 a Who introduced Drill and Ceremony to the U.S. Army?
A: Prussian officer, Baron Friedrich von Steuben.

3. Q. 1-1 a When and where did Friedrich von Steuben begin teaching drill and ceremony?
A. Upon his arrival at Valley Forge on 23 February 1778.

4. Q. What is the purpose of drill?
A. to enable a commander or noncommissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner.

5. Q. 1-1 e Who wrote the first Field manual for the Army?
A. Friedrich von Steuben in 1779.

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6. Q. 1-1 e What was the name of the first Field manual?
The Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States.

7. Q.1-1 e  What was the first Field manual commonly referred as?
A. The Blue Book.

8. Q. 1-1e How long was the blue book in use?
A. It was not changed for 85 years until the Civil war and many of the terms and procedures are still in effect today.

9. Q.  1-1 f How many cadence steps are in today's troop march?
A. 120 steps.

10. Q. 2-0 What are three methods of instruction used to teach drill to Soldiers ?
A. step-by-step, talk through, and by-the-numbers.

11. Q. 2-0 What are the three teaching stages for drill?
A. explanation, demonstration, and practice.

12. Q. 2-1 What must the instructor do during the explanation stage?
A. Give the name of the movement. Give the practical use for the movement. Give the command(s) for the movement and explain its elements: the preparatory command and the command of execution. He must also discuss the command(s) necessary to terminate the movement. 

13. Q. 2-2 What may the instructor use during the Demonstration stage?
A. the step-by-step, talk-through, or by-the numbers methods of instruction.

14. Q. 2-2 a What is taught during the step by step method?
A. the explanation and demonstration are combined, and the movements are taught one step at a time.

15. Q. 2-2 b What is the Talk through method of instruction?
A. Demonstrations are combined. Each movement is orally described. In this method the explanation and action by the individual is executed.

16. Q. 2-4 How can instruction and practical work be best presented?
A. by using the U-formation or line formation.

17. Q. 2-6 What is cadence counting for?
A. To enable Soldiers to learn or maintain cadence and develop rhythm, the instructor should have them count cadence while marching.

18. Q. 3-2 What do most drill commands have ?
A. two parts: the preparatory command and the command of execution.

19. Q. 3-2 a What does the preparatory command state?
A. the movement to be carried out and mentally prepares the Soldier for its execution. In the command Forward, MARCH, the preparatory command is Forward.

20. Q.3-2 b What is the command of execution?
A. tells when the movement is to be carried out. In Forward, MARCH, the command of execution is MARCH.

21. Q. 3-3 What are combined commands?
A. When the preparatory command and the command of execution are combined.

22. Q.3-3 Name some combined commands?
A. Fall in, At ease and Rest.

23. Q. 3-4 What are Supplementary Commands?
A. Supplementary commands are oral orders given by a subordinate leader that reinforce and complement a commander’s order.

24. Q. 3-5 What are Directives?
A. Directives are oral orders given by the commander that direct or cause a subordinate leader to take action.

25. Q.3-5 What is the Command voice?
A. Correct commands have a tone, cadence, and snap that demand willing, correct, and immediate response.

26. Q.3-6  What is Voice control?
A. The loudness of a command is adjusted to the number of Soldiers in the unit.

27. Q. 3-7 What is Distinctiveness?
A. Distinctiveness depends on the correct use of the tongue, lips, and teeth, which form the separate sounds of a word and group the sounds into syllables.

28. Q. 3-8 What is Inflection?
A. Inflection is the rise and fall in pitch and the tone changes of the voice.

29. Q. 3-9  What is Cadence?
A. Cadence, in commands, means a uniform and rhythmic flow of words.

30. Q. 4-1What two commands can be used to put personnel at the Position of Attention ?
A. Fall in or the command Squad (Platoon), Attention.

31. Q.4-2 What the Rest positions at the halt?
A. Parade Rest, Stand At Ease, At Ease, Rest.

32. Q. 4-4 What is the command for the hand salute?
A. Present arms.

33. Q 4-6 What is the command for the 30 inch step? 
A. Forward march.

34. Q.4-6 b What is the command to Halt while marching ?
A. Halt.

35. Q.4-8 What command is given to change the direction 180 degrees?
A. Rear March.

36. Q. 4-9 What is the difference between At ease March and Route step March?
A. for at ease march, the Soldier is no longer required to retain cadence; however, silence and the approximate interval and distance are maintained. For Route step March, the Soldier may drink from his canteen and talk.

37. Q. 4-11 What is the command for marching in place?
A. Mark Time, March.

38. Q. 4-13 What is the command for 15 inch step backward?
A. Backward, March.

39. Q. 4-14 What is the command for the 30 inch step, double time?
A. Double time, March.

40. Q. 5-1 a What are the commands for Positions of Attention with the rifle?
A. Order Arms or Sling Arms.

41. Q. 5-1 d What command must be given before the command for Double Time if carrying arms?
A. Port, Arms.

42. Q.5-1 j What is the appropriate position assumed to carry the rifle while marching in most situations ?
A. Sling Arms.

43. Q. 5-3 At the commands Rest of Parade, Rest what must a Soldier do with the rifle?
A. thrust the muzzle forward, simultaneously changing the grip of the right hand to grasp the barrel, keeping the toe of the butt of the rifle on the marching surface and the right arm straight.

44. Q. 5-13 a What is the command for a Soldier to Salute at Sling Arms?
A. Present Arms.

45. Q. 5-13 b What is the command for a Soldier to terminate the Salute at Sling Arms.
A. Order Arms.