Code of Conduct, Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) Training AR 350-30
1. What is the publication for Code of Conduct?
A: AR 350-30.
2. What does 350-30 cover?
A: Code of Conduct, Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) Training.
3. What does SERE stand for?
A: Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape.
4. Para 1-4 What document is international law that describes treatment of Prisoners of War?
A: Geneva Convention of 1949.
5. Para 1-5 What are the duties of individual Soldiers for Code of Conduct and SERE?
A: Soldiers will adhere to these guidelines to the utmost of their ability.
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6. Para 1-5 What should soldiers who become isolated from their unit in the course of combat operations to continue to do?
A: They should to fight, evade capture, and regain contact with friendly forces.
7. Para 1-5 What should Soldiers that are captured do?
A: live, act, and speak in a manner that leaves no doubt that they adhere to: the Traditions of the U.S. Army. and Their mission of resisting enemy attempts at interrogation, indoctrination, and other exploitation.
8. Para 2-1 When does training in the Code of Conduct begin?
A: Training in the Code will begin upon entry into the U.S.Army.
9. Para 2-2 What is the role and responsibilities of the United States toward PWs?
A: a. Each PW continues to be of special concern to the United States.
b. Every available means will be used to establish contact with and to gain release of a PW.
c. During the PW’s captivity, every available means will be used to ensure that the PW is given protection and rights under the provisions of the GPW.
10. Para 2-6 What must all training programs of the Code of Conduct impress upon all Soldiers?
A: 1. A clear understanding of the obligations, responsibilities, and the behavior expected of the soldier while a PW.
2. A positive acceptance of the Code and the recognition that observing its guidelines is a military obligation.
3. determination and belief in a soldier’s ability to effectively oppose all enemy efforts against them, their fellow soldiers, and their country.
4. An increased ability by individual soldiers to deny information and to resist.
5. In a PW camp, a positive attitude toward personal duty is fundamental in keeping faith with fellow PWs and resisting enemy attempts at exploitation.
11. Para 2-6 What are Soldiers required to maintain while in PW camp?
A: 1. Rank and leadership.
2. Military bearing.
3. Order and discipline.
4. Teamwork and devotion to fellow soldiers.
5. The duty to defeat enemies of our country at all times.
12. Para 2-7 What does the acronym “GPW” stand for?
A: It stands for the Geneva Convention Prisoner of War Standards.
13. Para 2-7 What is the intent of intent of the GPW?
A: to provide for the protection, health, and welfare of PWs.
14. Para 2-7 What information are PW’s authorized by the GPW to give captors?
A: name, rank, identification number, and date of birth.
15. Para 2-7 Can captors coerce PWs to provide information or to take action supporting the captor’s war efforts?
16. Para 2-7 What are the three ways captors have attempted to exploit American PWs in recent history?
A: 1. Psychological pressure.
2. Physical mistreatment.
3. Medical neglect to obtain information, propaganda, or other support for their war effort.
17. Para 2-9 If a Soldier returns from capture what information is classified.
A: (a) Information regarding means and methods of evasion and escape.
(b) Details of capture and imprisonment.
(c) Release from internment or captivity.
(d) Details of repatriation.
18. Para 3-5 How many levels of Code of Conduct are there?
A: Three; Level A, Level B and Level C.
19. Para 3-7 Is the use of PW compounds during field exercises for instruction in the Code of Conduct authorized?
20. Para 4-1 How many articles are in the Code of Conduct?
21 Para 4-1 What are the Six Articles of the Code of Conduct?
A: 1. I am an American fighting man, I serve in the forces which guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.
2. I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command I will never surrender my men while they still have the means to resist.
3. If I am captured I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every effort to escape and aid others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the enemy.
4. If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information nor take part in any action which might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior I will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed over me and will back them up in every way.
5. When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number, and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability.I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.
6. I will never forget that I am an American fighting Soldier responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles which made my country free. I will trust in my God and in the United States of America.
22. Para 4-2 What does term “fighting Soldier" in the articles refer to?
A: all soldiers.
23. Para 4-2 What specific Soldiers are given special “retained status” by the 1949 Geneva Convention including the GPW?
A: Medical personnel and chaplains.
24. Para 4-2 What does the GPW require that medical personnel and chaplains be allowed to perform?
A: their professional duties while captured.
25. Para 4-4 What does Article II mean?
A: when escape is impossible.
26. Para 4-4 When is the means to evade considered exhausted?
A: when the continued attempt to evade would result in the death of the soldier or others.
27. Para 4-4 When is the means to resist considered exhausted?
A: when further fighting would lead to the soldier’s death with no significant loss to the enemy.
28. Para 4-4 When should a Commander never surrender?
A: A commander should Never Surrender as long as the unit has the power to resist, break out, or evade to rejoin friendly forces.
29. Para 4-4 What are the key words of Article II?
A: “of my own free will.”
30. Para 4-6 What might captors offer to PWs in return for statements, information, and pledges or agreements not to try to escape?
A: Special favors or privileges.
31. Para 4-6 Can Soldiers seek special favors or privileges?
A: Soldiers must not seek special privileges or accept favors at the expense of fellow PWs.
32. Para 4-6 When must Soldiers take advantage of escape opportunities?
A: Under the guidance of the senior military person and the PW organization and whenever the opportunity arises.
33. Para 4-6 When can Soldiers sign parole agreements?
A: Soldiers are prohibited from signing any Parole Agreements.
34. Para 4-6 What right must captured medical personnel and chaplains assert?
A: their right to perform their medical and religious duties to other PWs.
35. Para 4-6 What articles protect Soldiers from punishments under GPW for those who are recaptured after an escape attempt?
A: Articles 91 through 94 of the GPW.
36. Para 4-6 What should happen to medical personnel and chaplains when they are no longer needed to perform their duties?
A: they are to be returned to their own forces when they are no longer needed to perform their duties.
37. Para 4-6 Are Soldiers allowed to bargain with the enemy for their own early release ahead of fellow PWs?
A: No because this would be a failure to keep faith.
38. Para 4-6 Who should control and supervise release of PWs if the enemy permits?
A: The senior military PW.
39. Para 4-6 What order does the GPW describe that PWs be released in?
A: 1. Seriously sick and wounded as soon as their medical condition permits movement.
2. Other PWs on a first-captured-first-released basis.
40. Para 4-10 Who is in command in an enemy POW camp?
A: The senior ranking Officer unless the enemy does not allow it and one is elected. Even then the Senior will be covertly in command.
41. Para 4-10 Who is in command in an enemy POW camp with only Enlisted Personnel?
A: a prisoner’s representative will be elected. However, The senior military person will assume and retain actual command covertly if necessary.
42. Para 4-10 Who is not allowed to be in command in an enemy POW camp?
A: Medical Personnel and Chaplains.
43. Para 4-10 What is a volunteer informer or collaborator to the enemy considered?
A: A traitor to fellow prisoners and country and, after repatriation, is subject to punishment under the UCMJ.
44. Para 4-10 What is is one of the most important ways that PWs can aid one another?
A: Maintaining communication.
45. Para 4-10 Why is maintaining communications between PW’s so important?
A: Communication breaks down the barrier of isolation and helps strengthen the PW’s will to resist.
46. Para 4-10 What should happen if the enemy does not permit a military command structure to be formed?
A: an organization of elected representatives may be established. However, the senior person will continue to exercise authority over all PW matters, covertly if necessary.
47. Para 4-11 What is one of the primary ways to organize successfully against captor exploitation?
A: obedience to those in command are essential to the discipline required to organize successfully against captor exploitation.
48. Para 4-11 What can happen if obedience and failure to maintain Leadership in a PW camp happens?
A: Failure to do so will result in the weakening of organization, a lowering of resistance.
49. Para 4-12 What three things should PW’s understand about collaborators?
A: 1. An informer or collaborator should be insulated from sensitive information.
2. Welcoming a collaborator “back to the fold” is generally a more effective technique than continued isolation, which may only encourage the collaborator to continue such treasonous conduct.
3. There is a significant difference between the collaborator and the resistant who, having been physically or mentally tortured into complying with a captor’s improper demand they should be helped to gather strength and return to resistance.
50. Para 4-14 Other than name, rank, service number, and date of birth what other things may a PW share with captors?
A: 1. Fill out a Geneva Convention capture card.
2. Write letters home.
3. Communicate with captors on matters of health and welfare.
51. Para 4-14 What are four examples of information that are not allowed for a PW to give captors?
A: 1. Oral or written confessions.
3. Personal history statements.
4. Propaganda recordings and broadcast appeals to other PWs to comply with improper captor demands.
52. Para 4-14 What will some countries do if a Soldier makes a signed statement, confession or a signed confession?
A: This action may remove the PW from protection under the GPW and lead to a loss of the right to repatriation until a prison sentenced is served.
53. Para 4-14 What is the best way for PWs to keep faith with their country, fellow PWs, and themselves?
A: to provide the enemy with as little information as possible.
54. Para 5-3 If a civilian is also held captive with military personnel what should military personnel encourage the Civilian to do?
A: Military detainees, captives, or hostages will encourage civilians being held with them to participate in the military organization and accept the authority of the senior military member.
55. Para App B When and by whom was the Code of Conduct signed?
A: President Dwight D. Eisenhower on August 17, 1955.