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ADP 7-0 & ADRP 7-0 Training Units and Developing Leaders "TOP's Picks"

1. Q. What does ADP 7-0 cover?
A: Training Units and Developing Leaders

2. Q. What ADP Covers Training Units and Developing Leaders?
A: ADP 7-0

3. Q. Para 1 What is the Army’s life-blood?
A: Unit Training and Leader Development

4. Q. Para 1 What are the three training domains the Army uses?
A: 1. Institutional 2. Operational 3. Self-Development

5. Q. Para 2 Who is responsible for training units and developing leaders?
A: The Commande

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6. Q. Para 3 Where does training begin for Soldiers?
A: Training begins in the Generating Force

7. Q. Para 4 Soldiers and Leaders should Train to Master what?
A: both the Individual and Unit Collective Tasks that Support the Unit’s Mission-Essential Tasks

8. Q. Para 4 Who must Train as part of a Combined Arms Team?
A: Individuals, Teams, Sections, and Units Train to Standard as part of a Combined Arms Team

9. Q. Para 4 What Training Events or Events link together as a Comprehensive Progressive and Sequential Training and Leader Development Program, providing the Experiences necessary for Building Ready Units?

A: Major Training Events, Combat Training Center Exercises, and Operational Deployments

10. Q. Para 4 What must Commanders do to ensure Leaders can Meet the Prerequisites to Attend and get the most benefit from Institutional Training?

A: Unit Commanders must Allocate Time during Operational Assignments

11. Q. Para 5 Who supports both the Operating and Generating forces?

A: Army Civilians

12. Q. Para 5 What is the Major benefit to having Army Civilians Supporting our Forces?

A: Army Civilians provide the Skills and Continuity Essential to the functioning of Army Organizations and Programs

13. Q. Para 6 What is considered as Important as Institutional Training and Operational Assignments?

A: Self Development

14. Q. Para 6 Who is responsible for Self-Development Training?

A: Self-Development is a Personal Responsibility

15. Q. Para 6 What is the purpose of Self-Development?

A: Self-Development Enhances Qualifications for a current Position or helps prepare an Individual for Future Positions

16. Q. Para 7 Why does the Army Train?

A: The Army Trains to provide Ready Forces to Combatant Commanders Worldwide

17. Q. Para 7 Why do Units Train?

A: Units Train in Garrison and while Deployed to prepare for their Mission and Adapt their Capabilities to any changes in an Operational Environment

18. Q. Para 8 What is the Institutional Training Domain?

A: The Army’s Institutional Training and Education System which includes Training Base Centers and Schools that provide Initial Training and subsequent Professional Military Education for Soldiers, Military Leaders and Army Civilians.

19. Q. Para 9 What is the Operational Training Domain?

A: Training that Organizations conduct at Home Stations, Maneuver Combat Training Centers, during Joint Exercises, at Mobilization Centers and while Operationally Deployed

20. Q. Para 10 What is the Self-Development Training domain?

A: Goal Oriented Learning that reinforces and expands the Knowledge Base, Self-Awareness, and Situational Awareness and it Compliments Institutional and Operational Learning and Enhances Professional Competence and Professionalism

21. Q. Para 12 What Integrates and Synchronizes the skills learned at the Individual Skill Level?

A: Collective Training

22. Q. Para 12 What does Training in Units Focuses on?

A: Improving Unit, Soldier, and Leader Proficiencies

23. Q. Para 13 What compliments Training, Education, and Experiences gained in both Schools and Unit Assignments?

A: Structured, Guided, and Individualized Self-Development Programs

24. Q. Para 14 What is a Continuous and Progressive process, spanning a Leader's Entire Career?

A: Leader Development

25. Q. Para 14 What is the Army Committed to?

A: The Army is committed to Training, Educating, and Developing its Leaders

26. Q. Para 14 What develops Leaders and Prepares them for Assignments of Increased Responsibility?

A: Training, Education, and Experience in the Schools and Units

27. Q. Para 15 What is Essential to Unit Readiness and Successful Deployments?

A: Competent and Confident Leaders

28. Q. Para 16 Who is responsible for Ensuring their Units are capable of Performing their Missions?

A: Commanders

29. Q. Para 16 Can Commanders delegate the Responsibility of ensuring Units are Capable of Performing their Missions?

A: No

30. Q. Para 18 What does the Acronym TADSS stand for?

A: Training Aids, Devices, Simulators, and Simulations

31. Q. Para 18 What does the Acronym ITE Stand for?

A: Integrated Training Environment

32. Q. Para 18 Can the Army afford to conduct All training in a Live Environment?

A: No

33. Q. Para 18 What must commanders do to Save Cost but still give Soldiers Tough Realistic Training?

A: They Must use the ITE and TADSS to Save Costs and also Ensure that the training is as Realistic and Tough as possible

34. Q. Para 19 How do Commanders build Trust and Initiative in Subordinates?

A: by Giving Subordinates Latitude in determining How to Train their Units to achieve the Desired End State

35. Q. Para 20 What Collective Tasks should a Unit Train on?

A: Only those Collective Tasks that are Essential to that Unit’s Mission

36. Q. Para 22 What must Collective Training be?

A: Training Must be Relevant, Rigorous, Realistic, Challenging, and Properly Resourced

37. Q. Para 22 Collective Training provides the Full Range of Experiences needed to produce what?

A: Agile, Adaptive Leaders and Soldiers, and Versatile Units

38. Q. Para 22 What are the 11 Principles of Unit Training?

A: 1. Commanders and other Leaders are responsible for Training 2. Noncommissioned Officers Train Individuals, Crews, and Small teams 3. Train to Standard 4. Train as you Will Fight 5. Train while Operating 6. Train Fundamentals First 7. Train to Develop Adaptability 8. Understand the Operational Environment 9. Train to Sustain 10. Train to Maintain 11. Conduct Multi-Echelon and Concurrent Training

39. Q. Para 23 Who is responsible for the Training Proficiency of their respective Organizations and Subordinates?

A: Subordinate Leaders; NCO's

40. Q. Para 24 Who are the Primary Trainers of Enlisted Soldiers, Crews and Small Teams?

A: Noncommissioned Officers

41. Q. Para 24 Who helps Officers Train Units?

A: NCO’s

42. Q. Para 24 Who Develops and Conducts Training for their Subordinates that supports the Unit Training Plan, Coaches Junior NCOs, advise Senior Leaders, and helps Develop Junior Officers?

A: NCO’s

43. Q. Para 25 What do Leaders need to Establish and Enforce to ensure their Organizations Meet Mission Requirements?

A: Standards

44. Q. Para 25 What do Leaders need to ensure their Organization meets Mission Requirements?

A: Leaders need to Know and Enforce Standards

45. Q. Para 25 If no Standard Exists, what should happen?

A: The Commander Should Establish One and the next Higher Commander Should Approve it

46. Q. Para 26 What does Train as You Will Fight mean?

A: Means Training Under an Expected Operational Environment for the Mission

47. Q. Para 26 Commanders and other Leaders Should Replicate Cultural Settings as much as possible During Training How can they do that?

A: Using Role Players or Actual Mission Partners

48. Q. Para 28 What Fundamentals must Units at Every Echelon Master in order to Accomplish their Missions?

A: Basic Soldiering, the Warrior Tasks, Battle Drills, Marksmanship, Fitness and MOS Proficiencies 

49. Q. Para 29 How do Soldiers and Leaders develop Adaptability?

A: from Training Under Complex, Changing Conditions, with Minimal Information available to Make Decisions

50. Q. Para 29 What Leaders Attribute results from Training Under Complex, Changing Conditions, with Minimal Information Available to Make Decisions?

A: Adaptability 

51. Q. Para 32 Why must Units Conduct Maintenance?

A: to Ensure Equipment is Serviceable and Available for the Conduct of Training and for Mission Accomplishment

52. Q. Para 34 Why should Leaders follow the Principles of Leader Development?

A: to Develop Other Leaders

53. Q. Para 34 What provides Leaders with enough Fundamental Information to help them Contribute to Unit Collective Capabilities on the Day they Arrive in the Unit?

A: Schools

54. Q. Para 34 When does Most Leader Development Occur?

A: During Operational Assignments

55. Q. Para 34 What happens when a Soldier or Leader makes a Mistake?

A: They Learn from the Mistake

56. Q. Para 34 What is considered the Crucible of Leader Development?

A: Operational Assignments

57. Q. Para 34 What are the Army’s Seven Principles of Leader Development?

A: 1. Lead by Example 2. Develop Subordinate Leaders 3. Create a Learning Environment for Subordinate Leaders 4. Train Leaders in the Art and Science of Mission Command 5. Train to Develop Adaptive Leaders 6. Train Leaders to Think Critically and Creatively 7. Train your Leaders to Know their Subordinates and their Families 

​58. Q. Para 34 Which Training Principle prepares Units and Individuals to be Resilient?

A: Train to Sustain

59. Q. Para 36 What is one of the Most Important functions of a Leader?

A: Developing Subordinate Leaders by Training Subordinates to be Successful Tactically and Technically and to be prepared to Assume Positions of Greater Responsibility

60. Q. Para 37 What happens when Leaders in the Unit Create an Environment where Mistakes are Not Tolerated?

A: Soldiers will Not Attempt to Solve Problems on their Own out of Fear of Making Mistakes

61. Q. Para 37 How should Mistakes be Handled by Leaders in a Unit?

A: Leaders should Establish an Environment for Subordinates that Allows Subordinate Leaders to make Honest Mistakes Without Prejudice and Remember that they Will Learn more from their Mistakes

62. Q. Para 39 Can Soldiers Train on Every Task for Every Condition?

A: No; They Cannot train on Every Task for Every condition, they Should Excel at a Few Tasks and then be able to adapt to New Tasks

63. Q. Para 40 What Must Leaders be able to do for Challenging Problems?

A: Leaders Must be able to Analyze Challenging Problems

64. Q. Para 41 How many Levels Down should All Leaders Know their Subordinates?

A: at least Two Levels Down

65. Q. Para 41 What should all Leaders Know about their Subordinates Two Levels Down?

A: their Strengths, Weaknesses and Capabilities

66. Q. Para 41 The Army Trains Leaders to know and help Not only their Subordinates but who else?

A: Their Families

67. Q. Para 42 What is the Primary Focus of a Unit when Not Deployed?

A: Training

68. Q. Para 42 What Unit Level uses Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) to Develop Unit Training Plans?

A: Battalion Level and Higher

69. Q. Para 42 What does Company Level use to Develop Unit Training Plans?

A: Troop Leading Procedures (TLP’s)

70. Q. Para 43 What is the Purpose of Unit Training?

A: The Purpose of Unit Training is to Build and Maintain Ready Units to Conduct Unified Land Operations for Combatant Commanders.

71. Q. Para 43 What will Good Training do to Soldiers and Leaders Confidence and Abilities?

A: Good Training Gives Soldiers Confidence in their Abilities and the Abilities of their Leaders, Forges Trust, and allows the Unit to Adapt readily to New and Different Missions

72. Q. Para 43 What do Leaders use Training Events for?

A: to Train, Educate, and Give Experience to Subordinates

73. Q. Para 43 Who’s Job is it to Coach and Teach, provide Feedback on Performance, Make On-the-Spot Corrections, and Conduct After Action Reviews?

A: Leaders

74. Q. Para 43 What is the Primary Means for Developing Leaders?

A: Unit Training

75. Q. Para 44 What is the definition of a METL?

A: METL is the Doctrinal Framework of Fundamental Tasks for which the Unit was Designed

76. Q. Para 44 What does METL stand for?

A: Mission Essential Task List

77. Q. Para 44 What Unit Level has a Standardized Unit METL?

A: Brigade and Above

78. Q. Para 44 Who Standardized Brigade and Above METL’s?

A: The Department of the Army

79. Q. Para 44 What Unit Levels Develop their Own Unit METL’s?

A: Battalions and Companies Develop their Own METL’s to Support their Higher Headquarters

80. Q. Para 44 What Drives the Focus of its Training?

A: The Unit’s Mission

81. Q. Para 45 What type of Approach do Unit Training Plans use that Progressively and Systematically builds on Successful Task performance Before Progressing to More Complex Tasks?

A: Crawl-Walk-Run Approach

82. Q. Para 45 How long should Soldiers Train on a Task?

A: Until they Master the Task

83. Q. Para 46 What do Subordinates Provide in order to Enable the Commander to Assess the Readiness of a Mission-Essential Task?

A: After Actions Reviews (AAR)

84. Q. Para 46 What does the Commander use to assess the Unit’s Readiness to conduct its Mission?

A: AAR’s, Personal Observations, and Judgment

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