ADP 4-0 & ADRP 4-0 Sustainment (Most Likely Asked)
1. Q. What does ADP 4-0 cover?
A: Sustainment

2. Q. Para 1. What are the three Major Elements of Sustainment?
A: Logistics, Personnel Services and Health Services

3. Q. Para 2. What is Logistics?
A: Logistics is Planning and Executing of the Movement and Support of Forces

4. Q. Para 2. What are some examples of Logistics?
A: Transportation (FM 55-1), Supply (FM 10-1), Field Services (FM 10-1), Distribution (ATTP 4-0.1), Operational Contract Support (ATTP 4-10), General Engineering Support (FM 3-34)

5. Q. Para 4. What does Health Service Support consists of?
A: Casualty Care, Medical Evacuation, Medical Logistics


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​​​​​​​6. Q. Para 4. What does Casualty Care consist of?
A: Organic and area Medical Support, Hospitalization, Dental Care, Behavioral Health/Neuropsychiatric Treatment, Clinical Laboratory Services and Treatment of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Patients


7. Q. Para 5-13. What are the 8 Principals of Sustainability?
A: 1. Integration 2. Anticipation .3 Responsiveness 4. Simplicity  5. Economy  6. Survivability  7. Continuity 8. Improvision

8. Q. Para 11. What is Survivability?
A: Survivability is all aspects of Protecting Personnel, Weapons, and Supplies while simultaneously Deceiving the Enemy

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9. Q. Para 16. What is Timeliness?

A: Timeliness ensures Decision Makers have an access to Relevant Personnel Services Information and Analysis that Support Current and Future Operations


10. Q. Para 17. What is Stewardship?

A: Stewardship is the Careful and Responsible Management of Resources Entrusted to the Government in order to Execute Responsible Governance


11. Q. Para 21-26. What are the six Principles of the Army Health System (AHS)?

A: 1. Conformity 2. Proximity 3. Flexibility 4. Mobility 5. Continuity 6. Control


12. Q. Para 24. What is Mobility in AHS?

A: Mobility is to ensure that AHS Assets Remain in Supporting Distance to Support Maneuvering Forces


13. Q. Para 27. What is Unified Action?

A: the Synchronization, Coordination and Integration of Activities


14. Q. Para 28. What is Joint Interdependence?

A: Joint Interdependence is the purposeful Reliance by one Service’s Forces on Another Service’s Capabilities to maximize the Complementary and Reinforcing Effects of both 


15. Q. Para 29. What does the Air Force and the Air Mobility Command provide?

A: they Provide Worldwide Cargo and Passenger Airlift, Air Refueling, and Aero-Medical Evacuation


16. Q. Para 32. What does the Strategic Base consists of?

A: the Department of Defense and Industrial Bases 


17. Q. Para 32. What does the Industrial Base do?

A: Manufactures, Maintains, Modifies, and Repairs Resources required by U.S. forces


18. Q. Para 33. What does Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) provide?

A: the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) provides Sustainment Support to Joint Forces during Peace and War by providing Supply Classes (CL) I, II, III bulk (B) package (P), IV, VIII and Class IX


19. Q. Para 34. What does the United States Transportation Command provide?

A: The United States Transportation Command provides Common-User and Commercial Air, Land, and Sea Transportation (including Patient Movement), Terminal Management, and Aerial Refueling to Support Deployment, Sustainment, and Redeployment of U.S. Forces 


20. Q. Para 34. What are the three Component Commands that make up the United States Transportation Command? 

A: the Air Mobility Command, the Military Sealift Command and the U.S Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command 


21. Q. Para 35. What is the Defense Finance and Accounting Service is responsible for?

A: the Delivery of Accounting and Financial Management Services for the DOD


22. Q. Para 36. What do the United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command Operations Provide?

A: Provide Space-Related Tactical Planning and Support, Expertise, Advice, and Liaison regarding available Space Capabilities that facilitate Joint Sustainment Operations


23. Q. Para 41. What does Generating Forces consist of?

A: Army Organizations whose Primary Mission is to Generate and Sustain the Operational Army’s Capabilities for Employment


24. Q. Para 42. What is Generating Force is Responsible for?

A: the Generating Force is Responsible for Moving Army Forces to and from Ports of Embarkation


25. Q. Para 43. What is an Example of an Army Generating Force?

A: the U.S. Army Materiel Command (USAMC)


26. Q. Para 44. What are Operational Forces?

A: Operating Forces are those Forces whose Primary Missions are to participate in Combat and the Integral Supporting Elements thereof


27. Q. Para 47. What is the Expeditionary Sustainment Commands (ESC)?

A: Force Pooled Assets and are under the Mission Command of the TSC


28. Q. Para 47. What does the ESC do?

A: Plans, Prepares, Executes, and Assesses Sustainment, Distribution, Theater Opening, and Reception, Staging, and Onward Movement Operations for Army Forces in Theater


29. Q. Para 48. What does the Theater Engineer Command (TEC) Serve as?

A: The Theater Engineer Command (TEC) serves as the Senior Engineer Headquarters for a Theater Army, Land Component Headquarters, or potentially a JTF


30. Q. Para 48. What is the Theater Engineer Command (TEC) designed to do?

A: It is designed to Mission Command Engineer Capabilities for all Assigned or Attached Engineer Brigades and Other Engineer Units and Missions for the Joint Force Land Component or Theater Army Commander


31. Q. Para 45-51. What are some of the Major Sustainment Operating Force Organizations?

A: Theater Sustainment Command (TSC); Theater Engineer Command (TEC); Human Resource Sustainment Center; Financial Management Center; Medical Command (Deployment Support) (MEDCOM [DS]) 


​32. Q. Para 53. When does Sustainment Support to Populations generally occur?

A: During Stability Tasks and Defense Support of Civil Authorities


33. Q. Para 56. What is Decisive Action?

A: Through Decisive Action Army Units Seize, Retain, and Exploit the Initiative to gain a Position of Relative Advantage Over the Enemy


34. Q. Para 56. How is Decisive Action Achieved?

A: it is Achieved through Simultaneous Combination of Offensive, Defensive, and Stability Tasks that Set Conditions for Favorable
Conflict Resolution


35. Q. Para 57. What is a Sustaining Operation?

A: A Sustaining Operation is an Operation at any Echelon that Enables the Decisive Operation or Shaping Operations by Generating and Maintaining Combat Power and is Inseparable from Decisive and Shaping Operations


36. Q. Para 57. What does Sustaining Operations include?

A: Sustaining Operations include Personnel and Logistical Support, Support Security, Movement Control, Terrain Management, and Infrastructure Development 


37. Q. Para 58. What is Mission command?

A: Mission Command is the Exercise of Authority and Direction by the Commander using Mission Orders to Enable Disciplined  Initiative within the Commander’s Intent to Empower Agile and Adaptive Leaders in the Conduct of Unified Land Operations


38. Q. Para 61. What is Operational Reach?

A: Distance and Duration Across which a Unit can Successfully Employ Military Capabilities 


39. Q. Para 62. What is the Army Prepositioned Stocks (APS) Program?

A: an Army Strategic Program


40. Q. Para 62. What are the Primary Purposes of APS?

A: to Reduce the Initial Strategic Lift required to Support a Force Projection Army and to Sustain the Soldier until Lines of Communication are Established


41. Q. Para 62. What does the APS Phase of the Operation Focuses on?

A: Deployment, Reception, Drawing Equipment, and Staging in order to Facilitate the Integration of Forces into the Operation


42. Q. Para 63. What is Force Protection?

A: Force Projection is the Ability to Project Instruments of National Power from the U. S. or another Theater in response to Requirements for Military Operations


43. Q. Para 63. What does Force Protection include?

A: the Processes of Mobilization, Deployment, Employment, Sustainment, and Redeployment of Forces


44. Q. Para 64. What is Theater Opening?

A: Theater Opening is the Ability to Establish and Operate Ports of Debarkation (Air, Sea, and Rail), to Establish a Distribution System, and to Facilitate throughput for the Reception, Staging, and Onward Movement of Forces within a Theater of Operations


45. Q. Para 65. What are Critical Components for preparing Theater Opening?

A: Port Opening and Port Operations 


46. Q. Para 66. What does Basing Enable?

A: Basing directly Enables and Extends Operational Reach, and Involves the Provision of Sustainable Facilities and Protected Locations from which Units can Conduct Operations


47. Q. Para 66. What is a Base Camp?

A: A Base Camp is an Evolving Military Facility that Supports Military Operations of a Deployed Unit and Provides the necessary Support and Services for Sustained Operations


48. Q. Para 70. What does Freedom of Action Enable?

A: Freedom of Action Enables Commanders with the Will to Act, to Achieve Operational Initiative and Control and Maintain Operational Tempo


49. Q. Para 74. What is an Offensive Task?

A: Offensive Task is a Task conducted to Defeat and Destroy Enemy Forces and Seize Terrain, Resources, and Population Centers


50. Q. Para 75. What is Defensive Task?

A: Defensive Task is conducted to Defeat an Enemy Attack, Gain Time, Economize Forces, and Develop Conditions Favorable for Offensive or Stability Tasks


51. Q. Para 76. What are Stability Tasks?

A: Stability Tasks are Tasks conducted as part of Operations Outside the United States in Coordination with other Instruments of National Power to Maintain or Reestablish a Safe and Secure Environment, Provide Essential Governmental Services, Emergency Infrastructure Reconstruction, and Humanitarian Relief


52. Q. Para 78. What is Endurance?

A: the Ability to Employ Combat Power Anywhere for Protracted Periods


53. Q. Para 78. How is Endurance Achieved?

A: from the Ability to Maintain, Protect, and Sustain Forces, Regardless of how far away they are Deployed, how Austere the Environment, or how long Land Power is Required

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