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ADP 3-37 & ADRP 3-37 Protection 
1. Q. What does ADP 3-37 cover?
A: Protection

2. Q. What ADP Covers Protection?
A: ADP 3-37

3. Q. What does ADP 3-37 outline?
A: ADP 3-37 Outlines how Protection is Synchronized and Integrated to preserve Combat Power, Populations, Partners, Essential Equipment, Resources, and Critical Infrastructure from the Effects of Threats and Hazards

4. Q. What does the Protection Warfighting Function enable Commanders to do?
A: The Protection Warfighting Function Enables Commanders to Preserve the Force Combat Power by Integrating Protection Capabilities within Operations

5. Q. Para 1 What is Protection?
A: the Preservation of the Effectiveness and Survivability of Mission-Related Military and Nonmilitary Personnel, Equipment, Facilities, Information, and Infrastructure Deployed or Located within or Outside the Boundaries of a Given Operational Area

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6. Q. Para 1 What does Protection achieve?
A: Preserves the Combat Power Potential of the Force by providing Capabilities to Identify and Prevent Threats and Hazards and to Mitigate their Effects  

7. Q. Para 2 Why may Army units be required to provide protection for Civilians? 
A: in Order to Support Mission Objectives; This may include Protecting Civilians from Widespread Violence (such as Mass Atrocities), Mitigating Civilian Casualties, and Ensuring a Secure Environment for the Population and Nonmilitary Partners 

​8. Q. Para 3 How can Protection be maximized?
A: Protection can be Maximized by Integrating the Elements of Combat Power to Reinforce Protection or to Achieve Complementary Protective Effects 

9. Q. Para 3 What is the goal of Protection integration?

A: The Goal of Protection Integration is to Balance Protection with the Freedom of Action throughout the Duration of Military Operations 

10. Q. Para 3 What is done to assist in identifying and preventing threats and hazards and in mitigating their effects?

A: Collaboration, Integration, and Synchronization between the Warfighting Functions 

11. Q. Para 4 Throughout the Operations Process, protection must be considered to achieve what three things?

A: 1. Identify Threats and Hazards

2. Implement Control Measures to Prevent or Mitigate Enemy or Adversary Actions

3. Manage Capabilities to Mitigate the Effects and Time to React or Maneuver on the Adversary to Gain Superiority and Retain the Initiative

12. Q. Para 5 What are the four primary ways to preserve the Joint Force Fighting potential?

A: 1. Active Defensive Measures to Protect the Joint Force, its Information, its Bases/Base Camps, Critical Infrastructure, and Lines of Communications from an Enemy or Adversary Attack

2. Passive Defensive Measures to make Friendly Forces, Systems, and Facilities Difficult to Locate, Strike, and Destroy

3. The Application of Technology and Procedures to Reduce the Risk of Fratricide

4. Emergency Management and Response to Reduce the Loss of Personnel and Capabilities due to Accidents, Health Threats, and Natural Disasters

13. Q. Para 6 What are the 5 Protection principles?

A: 1. Comprehensive

2. Integrated

3. Layered

4. Redundant

5. Enduring

14. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle comprehensive?

A: Protection is an All-Inclusive Utilization of Complementary and Reinforcing Protection Tasks and Systems available to Commanders, Incorporated into the Plan, to Preserve the Force

15. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle integrated?

A: Protection is Integrated with other Activities, Systems, Efforts, and Capabilities Associated with Unified Land Operations to Provide Strength and Structure to the overall Effort. Integration Must occur Vertically and Horizontally with Unified Action Partners throughout the Operations Process

16. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle layered? 

A: Protection Capabilities are Arranged using a Layered Approach to provide Strength and Depth. Layering Reduces the Destructive Effect of a Threat or Hazard through the Dispersion of Energy or the Culmination of the Force

17. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle redundant?

A: Protection Efforts are Often Redundant anywhere that a Vulnerability or a Critical Point of Failure is Identified. Redundancy Ensures that Specific Activities, Systems, Efforts, and Capabilities that are Critical for the Success of the Overall Protection Effort have a Secondary or Auxiliary Effort of Equal or Greater Capability

18. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle enduring?

A: Protection Capabilities are Ongoing Activities for Maintaining the Objectives of Preserving Combat Power, Populations, Partners, Essential Equipment, Resources, and Critical Infrastructure in Every Phase of an Operation 

19. Q. Para 7 What is the Protection warfighting function?

A: the Related Tasks and Systems that Preserve the Force so that Commanders can Apply Maximum Combat Power to Accomplish the Mission 

20. Q. Para 8 Name five of the supporting tasks of the protection warfighting function?

A: 1. Conduct Operational Area Security

2. Employ Safety Techniques (including Fratricide Avoidance)

3.  Implement Operations Security

4. Provide Intelligence Support to Protection

5. Implement Physical Security Procedures

6. Apply Antiterrorism Measures

7. Conduct Law and Order

8. Conduct Survivability Operations

9. Provide Force Health Protection

10. Conduct Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Operations

11. Provide Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Protection Support

12. Coordinate Air and Missile Defense

14. Conduct Personnel Recovery Operations; Conduct Internment and Resettlement

21. Q. Para 10 What is the first step to effective protection?

A: Planning

22. Q. Para 10 What should Commanders consider first?

A: the Most Likely Threats and Hazards and decide which Personnel, Physical Assets, and Information to Protect

23. Q. Para 10 What two processes does the Commander use to develop and examine information for use in the various continuing activities and integrating processes to consider what to protect?

A: MDMP and TLP’s

24. Q. Para 12 What are the keys to Protection planning?

A: Identifying the Threats and Hazards, Assessing the Threats and Hazards to Determine the Risks, developing Preventive Measures, and Integrating Protection Tasks into a Comprehensive Scheme of Protection that includes Mitigating Measures

25. Q. Para 13 What are some of the eleven tasks of the Protection cell or Protection working group during planning?

A: 1. Establishes a Protection Working Group

2. Conducts Initial Assessments

3. Develops a Critical Asset List and a Defended Asset List 

4. Integrates and Layers Protection Tasks

5. Develops a Scheme of Protection

6. Recommends Protection Priorities

7. Refines the Running Estimate

8. Synchronizes Protection within the Elements of Combat Power

9. Identifies Communication Channels among Key Personnel within Protection and Leadership  

10. Develops and Publishes Personnel Recovery Guidance

11. Establishes Personnel Recovery that is related to the Commander’s Critical Information Requirements

26. Q. Para 14 What is Protection focused on during the preparation phase?

A: During the Preparation Phase, Protection Focuses on Deterring and Preventing the Enemy or Adversary from Actions that would Affect Combat Power and the Freedom of Action

27. Q. Para 14 What do active defense measures assist in?

A: Denying the Initiative to the Enemy or Adversary

28. Q. Para 14 What is the execution of passive defense measures?

A: Prepares the Force Against the Threat and Hazard Effects and Speeds the Mitigation of those Effects

29. Q. Para 15 When does assessment occur?

A: During Preparation 

30. Q. Para 15 What do assessments generally include?

A: Activities Required to Maintain Situational Understanding; Monitor and Evaluate Running Estimates and Tasks, Methods of Evaluation, and Measures of Performance; and Identify Variances for Decision Support 

31. Q. Para 16 What are some of the eleven tasks of the Protection cell or Protection working group during preparation of Protection measures?

A: 1. Revises and Refines the Plan

2. Determines Protection Indicators and Warnings for Information Collection  

3. Emplaces Systems to Detect Threats to the Critical Assets  

4. Directs Operations Security Measures

5. Prepares and Improves Survivability Positions

6. Conducts Liaison and Coordinates with Adjacent and Protected Units

7. Rehearses  

8. Trains with Defended Assets  

9. Reviews the Personnel Recovery Readiness of Subordinate Units  

10. Establishes Personnel Recovery Architecture  

11. Implements Vulnerability Reduction  Measures

32. Q. Para 17 What do Commanders who exercise mission command do?

A: Decide, Direct, Lead, Access, and Provide Leadership to Organizations and Soldiers During Execution 

33. Q. Para 18 The changing nature of operations may require the surge of what certain capability?

A: Protection

34. Q. Para 19 What must Commanders accept to exploit Time-Sensitive opportunities by acting before enemies or adversaries Discover vulnerabilities, take evasive or defensive action, and implement countermeasures?

A: Commanders Must Accept Prudent Risk 

35. Q. Para 20 What is essential for effective decision-making and the assignment of combat power to protection tasks?

A: An Accurate Assessment 

36. Q. Para 20 During an operation, what happens when variances exceed a threshold value?

A: Adjustments are made to Prevent a Developing Vulnerability or to Mitigate the Effects of the Unforecasted Threat or Hazard 

37. Q. Para 20 How do Commanders maintain protection?

A: by Applying Comprehensive Protection Capabilities, from Main and Supporting Efforts to Decisive and Shaping Operations. Protection can be Derived as a By-Product or a Complementary Result of some Combat Operations (such as Security Operations), or it can be Deliberately Applied as Commanders Integrate and Synchronize Tasks that Comprise the Protection Warfighting Function

38. Q. Para 21 What will quick response actions do?

A: Save Lives, Protect Property, and Continue Essential Services, Mitigating the Effects of the Threat or Hazard and Allowing the Force to Retain the Initiative and Deny it to the Enemy or Adversary 

39. Q. Para 21 What does restoring mission readiness and implementing measures from assessments prepare the force to do?

A: it Prepares the Force to continue Operations and Prepare for Future Operations 

40. Q. Para 21 Once a threat or hazard is known, what must be done?

A: Once a Threat or Hazard is Known, it is Imperative that the Force is Warned and Begins Responding to the Action 

41. Q. Para 22 Who monitors and evaluates several critical ongoing functions associated with execution for operational actions or changes?

A: The Protection Cell/Working Group 

42. Q. Para 22 What is the mission of the protection Cell/Working group?

A: Monitors and Evaluates Several Critical ongoing Functions Associated with Execution for Operational Actions or Changes that Impact Protection Cell Proponents 

43. Q. Para 22 What are some of the twelve functions that the protection Cell/Working group monitors and evaluates?

A: 1. Ensuring that the Protection Focus Supports the Commander’s Intent and Concept of the Operation 

2. Reviewing and Recommending Adjustment to the Commander’s Critical Information Requirements and Essential Elements of Friendly Information Derived from Protection Tasks

3. Reviewing Changes to Graphic Control Measures and Boundaries for the Increased Risk of Fratricide

4. Monitoring and Evaluating Personnel Recovery Operations

5. Monitoring the Employment of Security Forces for Gaps in Protection or Unintended Patterns

6. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Liaison Personnel for Protection Activities

7. Evaluating Movement Coordination and Control to Protect Critical Paths

8. Monitoring Adjacent Unit Coordination Procedures for Terrain Management Vulnerabilities

9. Monitoring the Readiness Rates of Response Forces involved in Fixed-Site Protection

10. Monitoring Force Health Protection

11. Coordinating Continuously with Unified Action Partners

12. Coordinating with the Mission Management Center, U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, on Personnel Recovery Operations

44. . Para 23 What is an essential, continuous activity that occurs throughout the operations process?

A: Assessing Protection 

45. Q. Para 23 What may be difficult to assess and quantify?

A: the Successful Application of Protection 

46. Q. Para 24 What is an assessment?

A: the Determination of the Progress toward Accomplishing a Task, Creating a Condition, or Achieving an Objective

47. Q. Para 24 How can an assessment help a Commander?

A: Assessments Help the Commander Determine Progress toward Attaining the Desired End State, Achieving Objectives, and Performing Tasks 

48. Q. Para 25 Who develops running estimates?

A: The Staff

49. Q. Para 25 What are running estimates?

A: Estimates that Illustrate the Significant Aspects of a Particular Activity or Function over time

50. Q. Para 25 What do running estimates provide a Commander?

A: they Allow Commanders to Maintain Situational Understanding and Direct Adjustments when and where Needed during an Operation

51. Q. Para 25 What can significant changes or variances among or within running estimates signal?

A: they Can Signal a Threat or an Opportunity, Alerting Commanders to Take Action 

52. Q. Para 26 If an action appears to be failing in its desired effect, what may it be attributed to?

A: it May be Attributed to Personnel or Equipment System Failure, Insufficient Resource Allocation at Vulnerable Points, or a Variance in Anticipated Threat Combat Power Ratio 

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