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ADP 3-37 & ADRP 3-37 Protection 
1. Q. What does ADP 3-37 cover?
A: Protection.

2. Q. What ADP Covers Protection?
A: ADP 3-37.

3. Q. What does ADP 3-37 outline?
A: ADP 3-37 Outlines how Protection is Synchronized and Integrated to preserve Combat Power, Populations, Partners, Essential Equipment, Resources, and Critical Infrastructure from the Effects of Threats and Hazards.

4. Q. What does the Protection Warfighting Function enable Commanders to do?
A: To Preserve the Force Combat Power by Integrating Protection Capabilities within Operations.

5. Q. Para 1 What is Protection?
A: the Preservation of the Effectiveness and Survivability of Mission-Related Military and Nonmilitary Personnel, Equipment, Facilities, Information, and Infrastructure Deployed or Located within or Outside the Boundaries of a Given Operational Area.

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6. Q. Para 1 What does Protection achieve?
A: Preserves the Combat Power Potential of the Force by providing Capabilities to Identify and Prevent Threats and Hazards and to Mitigate their Effects.

7. Q. Para 2 Why may Army units be required to provide protection for Civilians? 
A: in Order to Support Mission Objectives.

​8. Q. Para 3 How can Protection be maximized?
A: by Integrating the Elements of Combat Power to Reinforce Protection or to Achieve Complementary Protective Effects.

9. Q. Para 3 What is the goal of Protection integration?

A: to Balance Protection with the Freedom of Action throughout the Duration of Military Operations.

10. Q. Para 3 What is done to assist in identifying and preventing threats and hazards and in mitigating their effects?

A: Collaboration, Integration, and Synchronization between the Warfighting Functions.

11. Q. Para 4 Throughout the Operations Process, protection must be considered to achieve what three things?

A: 1. Identify Threats and Hazards.

2. Implement Control Measures to Prevent or Mitigate Enemy or Adversary Actions.

3. Manage Capabilities to Mitigate the Effects and Time to React or Maneuver on the Adversary to Gain Superiority and Retain the Initiative.

12. Q. Para 5 What are the four primary ways to preserve the Joint Force Fighting potential?

A: 1. Active Defensive Measures to Protect the Joint Force.

2. Passive Defensive Measures to make Friendly Forces, Systems, and Facilities Difficult to Locate, Strike, and Destroy.

3. The Application of Technology and Procedures to Reduce the Risk of Fratricide.

4. Emergency Management and Response to Reduce the Loss of Personnel and Capabilities due to Accidents, Health Threats, and Natural Disasters.

13. Q. Para 6 What are the 5 Protection principles?

A: 1. Comprehensive.

2. Integrated.

3. Layered.

4. Redundant.

5. Enduring.

14. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle comprehensive?

A: Protection is an All-Inclusive Utilization of Complementary and Reinforcing Protection Tasks and Systems available to Commanders.

15. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle integrated?

A: Protection is Integrated with other Activities, Systems, Efforts, and Capabilities Associated with Unified Land Operations to Provide Strength and Structure to the overall Effort.

16. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle layered? 

A: Protection Capabilities are Arranged using a Layered Approach to provide Strength and Depth. 

17. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle redundant?

A: Protection Efforts are Often Redundant anywhere that a Vulnerability or a Critical Point of Failure is Identified. 

18. Q. Para 6 What is meant by the Principle enduring?

A: Protection Capabilities are Ongoing Activities for Maintaining the Objectives of Preserving Combat Power, Populations, Partners, Essential Equipment, Resources, and Critical Infrastructure in Every Phase of an Operation.

19. Q. Para 7 What is the Protection warfighting function?

A: the Related Tasks and Systems that Preserve the Force so that Commanders can Apply Maximum Combat Power to Accomplish the Mission.

20. Q. Para 8 Name five of the supporting tasks of the protection warfighting function?

A: 1. Conduct Operational Area Security.

2. Employ Safety Techniques (including Fratricide Avoidance).

3.  Implement Operations Security.

4. Provide Intelligence Support to Protection.

5. Implement Physical Security Procedures.

21. Q. Para 10 What is the first step to effective protection?

A: Planning.

22. Q. Para 10 What should Commanders consider first?

A: the Most Likely Threats and Hazards and decide which Personnel, Physical Assets, and Information to Protect.

23. Q. Para 10 What two processes does the Commander use to develop and examine information for use in the various continuing activities and integrating processes to consider what to protect?

A: MDMP and TLP’s.

24. Q. Para 12 What are the keys to Protection planning?

A: Identifying the Threats and Hazards, Assessing the Threats and Hazards to Determine the Risks, developing Preventive Measures, and Integrating Protection Tasks into a Comprehensive Scheme of Protection that includes Mitigating Measures.

25. Q. Para 13 What are four of the tasks of the Protection cell or Protection working group during planning?

A: 1. Establishes a Protection Working Group.

2. Conducts Initial Assessments.

3. Develops a Critical Asset List and a Defended Asset List.

4. Integrates and Layers Protection Tasks.

26. Q. Para 14 What is Protection focused on during the preparation phase?

A: Protection Focuses on Deterring and Preventing the Enemy or Adversary from Actions that would Affect Combat Power and the Freedom of Action.

27. Q. Para 14 What do active defense measures assist in?

A: Denying the Initiative to the Enemy or Adversary.

28. Q. Para 14 What is the execution of passive defense measures?

A: Prepares the Force Against the Threat and Hazard Effects and Speeds the Mitigation of those Effects.

29. Q. Para 15 When does assessment occur?

A: During Preparation.

30. Q. Para 15 What do assessments generally include?

A: Activities Required to Maintain Situational Understanding; Monitor and Evaluate Running Estimates and Tasks, Methods of Evaluation, and Measures of Performance; and Identify Variances for Decision Support.

31. Q. Para 16 What are four of the tasks of the Protection cell or Protection working group during preparation of Protection measures?

A: 1. Revises and Refines the Plan.

2. Determines Protection Indicators and Warnings for Information Collection.

3. Emplaces Systems to Detect Threats to the Critical Assets.

4. Directs Operations Security Measures.

32. Q. Para 17 What do Commanders who exercise mission command do?

A: Decide, Direct, Lead, Access, and Provide Leadership to Organizations and Soldiers During Execution.

33. Q. Para 18 The changing nature of operations may require the surge of what certain capability?

A: Protection.

34. Q. Para 19 What must Commanders accept to exploit Time-Sensitive opportunities by acting before enemies or adversaries Discover vulnerabilities, take evasive or defensive action, and implement countermeasures?

A: Commanders Must Accept Prudent Risk.

35. Q. Para 20 What is essential for effective decision-making and the assignment of combat power to protection tasks?

A: An Accurate Assessment.

36. Q. Para 20 During an operation, what happens when variances exceed a threshold value?

A: Adjustments are made to Prevent a Developing Vulnerability or to Mitigate the Effects of the Unforecasted Threat or Hazard.

37. Q. Para 20 How do Commanders maintain protection?

A: by Applying Comprehensive Protection Capabilities, from Main and Supporting Efforts to Decisive and Shaping Operations. 

38. Q. Para 21 What will quick response actions do?

A: Save Lives, Protect Property, and Continue Essential Services, Mitigating the Effects of the Threat or Hazard.

39. Q. Para 21 What does restoring mission readiness and implementing measures from assessments prepare the force to do?

A: it Prepares the Force to continue Operations and Prepare for Future Operations.

40. Q. Para 21 Once a threat or hazard is known, what must be done?

A: it is Imperative that the Force is Warned and Begins Responding to the Action.

41. Q. Para 22 Who monitors and evaluates several critical ongoing functions associated with execution for operational actions or changes?

A: The Protection Cell/Working Group.

42. Q. Para 22 What is the mission of the protection Cell/Working group?

A: Monitors and Evaluates Several Critical ongoing Functions Associated with Execution for Operational Actions or Changes that Impact Protection Cell Proponents.

43. Q. Para 22 What are four of the functions that the protection Cell/Working group monitors and evaluates?

A: 1. Monitoring and Evaluating Personnel Recovery Operations.

2. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Liaison Personnel for Protection Activities.

3. Evaluating Movement Coordination and Control to Protect Critical Paths.

4. Monitoring Force Health Protection.

44. . Para 23 What is an essential, continuous activity that occurs throughout the operations process?

A: Assessing Protection.

45. Q. Para 23 What may be difficult to assess and quantify?

A: the Successful Application of Protection.

46. Q. Para 24 What is an assessment?

A: the Determination of the Progress toward Accomplishing a Task, Creating a Condition, or Achieving an Objective.

47. Q. Para 24 How can an assessment help a Commander?

A: Assessments Help the Commander Determine Progress toward Attaining the Desired End State, Achieving Objectives, and Performing Tasks.

48. Q. Para 25 Who develops running estimates?

A: The Staff.

49. Q. Para 25 What are running estimates?

A: Estimates that Illustrate the Significant Aspects of a Particular Activity or Function over time.

50. Q. Para 25 What do running estimates provide a Commander?

A: they Allow Commanders to Maintain Situational Understanding and Direct Adjustments when and where Needed during an Operation.

51. Q. Para 25 What can significant changes or variances among or within running estimates signal?

A: they Can Signal a Threat or an Opportunity, Alerting Commanders to Take Action.

52. Q. Para 26 If an action appears to be failing in its desired effect, what may it be attributed to?

A: Personnel or Equipment System Failure, Insufficient Resource Allocation at Vulnerable Points, or a Variance in Anticipated Threat Combat Power Ratio.

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