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ADP 3-28 & ADRP 3-28 Defense Support of Civil Authorities 

​1. Q. What does ADP 3-28 cover?
A: Defense Support of Civil Authorities

2. Q. What does the Acronym DSCA stand for?
A: Defense Support for Civil Authorities

3. Q. What is the Primary Purpose of DSCA?
A: Save Lives, Alleviate Suffering, Protect Property

4. Q. Who Commands the State National Guard Forces?
A: the State Governor 

5. Q. Who Commands Federal Military Forces?
A: The President 


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6. Q. What are the Primary Army Tasks for DSCA?
A: Provide Support for Domestic Disasters; Provide Support for CBRN Incidents; Provide Support to Domestic Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies; Provide other Designated Support

7. Q. What is Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD 8)?
A:  A Policy Signed by the President to Strengthen the Security and Resilience of the United States through Systematic Preparation for the Threats that Pose the Greatest Risk to the Security of the Nation, including Acts of Terrorism, Cyber-Attacks, Pandemics, and Catastrophic Natural Disasters

8. Q. When was Presidential Policy Directive 8 Signed?
A: March 2011Type your paragraph here.


​​​​9. Q. What does FEMA stand for?

A: Federal Emergency Management Agency


10. Q. What is the Mission of FEMA?

A: Maintains National Doctrine for all aspects of Incident Management, defined as a National Comprehensive Approach to Preventing, Preparing for Responding to, and Recovering from Terrorist Attacks, Major Disasters, and other Emergencies 


11. Q. What is the Mission of the Army to Support FEMA to Accomplish their Mission to support PPD 8?

A: Army Forces Operate as part of a larger National Effort characterized as Unified Action—the Synchronization, Coordination, and/or Integration of the activities of Governmental and Nongovernmental Entities with Military Operations to achieve Unity of Effort


12. Q. What are the 5 Mission areas for The National Preparedness Goal?

A: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery 


13. Q. What does The National Response Framework Define?

A: Principles, Roles, and Structures for Effective National Response


14. Q. What does The National Preparedness Goal do?

A: Sets the Vision and Overall Policy for Nationwide Preparedness


15. Q. What does National Incident Management System provide?

A: the Template for Managing Incidents at All Levels


16. Q. What does National Response Framework provide?

A: Structure to National-Level Incident Management and Response Policy Under National Response Framework’s, 


17. Q. What can Federal and State Governments Activate to coordinate Response among Numerous Government, Private Sector, and Military Partners?

A: Emergency Support Functions (ESF”s)


18. Q. What does ESF stand for?

A: Emergency Support Functions

19. Q. How many different ESF’s are there?

A: 15


20. Q. What are the different 15 ESF’s?

A: 1. Transportation; 2. Communications; 3. Public Works and Engineering; 4. Firefighting; 5. Emergency Management; 6. Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services; 7. Logistics Management and Resource Support; 8. Public Health and Medical Services; 9. Search and Rescue; 10. Oil and Hazardous Materials Response; 11. Agriculture and Natural Resources; 12. Energy; 13. Public Safety and Security; 14. Long-Term Community Recovery; 15. External Affairs


21. Q. Who are the Key Players in a Tiered Response?

A: Local, Tribal, State, Territorial, and Federal Governments


22. Q. What are Federal Military Forces?
A: Active Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force; Mobilized Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force Reserve; and National Guard Mobilized for Federal Service under Title 10, United States Code (USC) 


23. Q. What are the 3 War Fighting Functions for DSCA?
A: Mission Command, Sustainment, and Protection 


24. Q. Why is it Important for a Unit to be Proficient in Mission Command?

A: to Deploy into a Domestic Operational Environment and Operate with Joint and Interagency Partners.  They also Must adapt Systems and Procedures for a Noncombat, Civilian-Led Structure 


25. Q. Why is it Critical for a Unit to be Proficient in Sustainment?
A: The Unit deliver Personnel, Medical Support, Supplies, and Equipment, while Maintaining their Equipment and Soldiers often in areas Devastated by a Disaster and Lacking Potable Water, Electrical Power, and Sanitation


26. Q. What are the 3 purposes for Army support to DSCA?
A: Save Lives; Alleviate Suffering; Protect Property


27. Q. Who should Commander consult Before Authorizing Soldiers to Execute any Task Outside the Mission received through the Chain of Command?

A: their Staff Judge Advocate


28. Q. Can Army Chaplains provide Religious Support for Civilians outside the Department of Defense?
A: No, Unless Waived by Legal Authority, Laws Restrict Army Chaplains from Conducting Religious Support for Civilians Outside the Department of Defense


29. Q. What does RUF stand for?
A: Rules for Use of Force and is Equivalent to Rules of Engagement


30. Q. How is the RUF established?
A: According to State Laws


31. Q. When must Leaders Review the RUF with their Subordinates?
A: Before Every Mission


32. Q. What is the First Purpose of DSCA?
A: to Save Lives


33. Q. When is Lethal Force Authorized?
A: As a Last Resort


34. Q. Who is in charge during a DSCA Mission?
A: the Supported Civil Authorities


35. Q. What is the Army’s Primary Role in DSCA?
A: Only for Support


36. Q. What is One of the Biggest Mistakes that Tactical Commanders can Make during DSCA?
A: to Assume they Need to Take Charge upon arrival at the Scene of an Incident


37. Q. What is the Army’s End State to DSCA?
A: Means that State, Territorial, Local, and Tribal Authorities become able to Provide Effective Support to their Citizens Without the further Assistance from Military Forces


38. Q. Do Civilian Agencies Issue Orders to Military Units?
A: No, Typically a Defense Coordinating Officer Translate the Civilian Guidance into Mission Assignments


39. Q. Why must Units maintain a Detailed Record of Operations, not just Direct Expenditures for any DSCA Missions?
A: because Supported Civilian Agencies Must Reimburse Department of Defense for any Support provided


40. Q. Who must Reimburse the Army for a DSCA support?
A: the Federal Agency Requesting Military Support


41. Q. What sets the Guidelines for Reimbursements from Federal Funds to Federal Agencies and States?
A: The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act


42. Q. How much do States usually have to Reimburse FEMA?
A: 25% according to Federal Law


43. Q. What is the Dual Role of The Army National Guard?
A: a State Military Force Under the Governor, and as a Reserve Component of the Army that the President May Mobilize for Federal Service


44. Q. What are the Advantages of using The Army National Guard during DSCA?
A: Proximity, Responsiveness, Knowledge of Local Conditions, Tactical Flexibility in Domestic Environments, and Closer Association with State and Local Officials


45. Q. What are the Disadvantages of using The Army National Guard during DSCA?
A: Wide Distribution of Units between States, Limited Endurance, and the Limited Ability of the States to Fund them for Extended Periods


46. Q. What are the Regular Army’s Key Capabilities for Domestic Support Missions?
A: its Ability to Generate Large Forces Rapidly and Sustain them for Long Periods in an Emergency


47. Q. What are the Limiting Factors when using The Regular Army?
A: Proximity, Legal Considerations, and Operational Commitments


48. Q. What are the Army’s Four Primary Tasks associated with DSCA?

A: Provide Support for Domestic Disasters; Provide Support for Domestic Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear Incidents; Provide Support for Domestic Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies; Provide other designated support


49. Q. What is an “Incident”?
A: an Occurrence, caused by Either Human Action or Natural Phenomena, that requires Action to Prevent or Minimize Loss of Life or Damage to Property and/or Natural Resources


50. Q. What can be called in “Incident” IAW National Preparedness Doctrine?
A: Any Type of Domestic Disaster, Emergency, or Event requiring support


51. Q. What are some Examples of Natural Disasters that can provide Advanced Warning that may require support?
A: Hurricanes, Floods, Fires, Ice Storms, or Volcanic Eruptions


52. Q. What are some examples of Disasters that usually provide No warning?
A: an Earthquake or a Chemical Accident


53. Q. What is the Army’s Role in providing Support for Responding to Accidental or Deliberate Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear Incidents?

A: Federal Military and State National Guard Forces would provide Specialized Capabilities and General-Purpose Forces


54. Q. What is a Pandemic Disease Outbreak?
A: a Global Disease Outbreak


55. Q. What are Pandemic disease outbreaks also known as?
A: Pandemics


56. Q. When does a Pandemic occur?
A: When a New Disease Emerges for which people have Little or No Immunity, and No Vaccine is Immediately Available 


57. Q. Can Army Soldiers Act as Enforcement Officials to Execute State or Federal Law and Perform Direct Law Enforcement Functions?
A: No, the Posse Comitatus Act Prohibits the use of the Active Army, Air Force, the Marine Corps and Navy as Enforcement Officials to Execute State or Federal Law and perform Direct Law Enforcement Functions; Except as Expressly Authorized by the Constitution of the United States or by Another Act of Congress


58. Q. What does the Posse Comitatus Act Prohibit?
A: the use of the Active Army, Air Force, he Marine Corps and Navy as Enforcement Officials to Execute State or Federal Law and perform Direct Law Enforcement Functions; Except as Expressly Authorized by the Constitution of the United States or by Another Act of Congress


59. Q. Does the Posse Comitatus Act apply to State National Guard forces in State Active Duty Status and title 32 status?
A: No


60. Q. Does the Posse Comitatus Act apply to the Coast Guard?
A: No, the Coast Guard has Inherent Law Enforcement Powers under title 14, USC


61. Q. What are the two Categories for Law enforcement support?
A: Direct and Indirect Support


62. Q. Can the Active Army provide Direct Support to Law Enforcement?
A: No, Federal Law Prohibits this


63. Q. Can the Army provide Indirect Support to Law Enforcement?
A: Yes


64. Q. What is Indirect Support to Law Enforcement?
A: Logistical, Transportation, and Training Assistance Except when Emergency Authority Applies


65. Q. What is Direct Support to Law Enforcement?
A: Enforcing the Law and Engaging in Physical Contact with Offenders


66. Q. Can National Guard Forces provide Direct Support of Civilian Law Enforcement?
A: Yes, State and Territorial Governors can Authorize this, however, such use is a Temporary Expedient and must be in Accordance with State Laws


67. Q. What are some Examples of Other Designated Support?
A: National Special Security Events, Olympics, Inaugurations, or State Funerals


68. Q. What is an Example of a Mission that Federal or State National Guard Forces receive on a Regular Basis?
A: Firefighting on Federal, State, and Local Undeveloped Land (Wildland Firefighting)


69. Q. What are some activities that Soldiers have supported in the past because of a Shortage in Labor or an Increase in Demand?
A: Skilled Soldiers replaced Striking Air Controllers in the Federal Aviation Administration until Newly Hired Civilians Completed Training. Soldiers have Moved Coal during Strikes or Even Operated Key Commercial Enterprises when National Security Considerations Justified such Extreme Action

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