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ADP 3-09 & ADP 3-09 Fires 

1. Q. What does ADP 3-09 Cover?
A: Fires

2. Q. What ADP Covers Fires?
A: ADP 3-09


3. Q. What do Fires Forces create for the Army and Joint Force Commander?
A: Fires Forces create Responsive, Scalable, and Accurate Fires providing Unprecedented Reach and Mobility

4. Q. What does the Acronym AMD stand for?

A: Air and Missile Defense


5. Q. What does the Acronym EA stand for?
A: Electronic Attack

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6. Q. What is Fires?
A: the Use of Weapons Systems to Create specific Lethal or Nonlethal Effects on a Target

7. Q. Para 1 What is the Fires Warfighting Function?
A: the Related Tasks and Systems that provide Collective and Coordinated use of Army Indirect Fires, AMD, and Joint Fires through the Targeting Process

8. Q. Para 1 What are the Tasks of the Fires Warfighting Function?
A: 1. Deliver Fires 2. Integrate All forms of Army, Joint and Multinational Fires 3. Conduct Targeting


9. Q. Para 2 What is Fires responsible for Synchronizing?

A: Army Indirect Fires, AMD, and Joint Fires with the effects of other Warfighting Functions


10. Q. Para 3 What do Fires Leaders use for Ground Threats?

A: For Ground Threats, Fires Leaders use the Army’s Targeting Methodology to Plan, Prepare, Execute and Assess Effects on the Ground


11. Q. Para 3 What do Fires Leaders use for Aerial Threats?

A: For Aerial Threats, Fires Leaders use Air Defense Planning to determine Air Defense Priorities and the Tailoring of Air Defense Artillery Capabilities to Defeat Aerial Threats


12. Q. Para 5 What is the Role of Fires?

A: The Role of Fires is to Enable Army Forces to Seize and Retain the Initiative, Prevent and Deter Conflict, Defeat Adaptive Threats and Succeed in a Wide Range of Contingencies


13. Q. Para 6 What are the Core Competencies of Fires?

A: 1. Air Defense Artillery 2. Field Artillery 


14. Q. Para 6 What are Critical Capabilities of Fires?

A: 1. Target Acquisition 2. Target Discrimination 3. Target Engagement


15. Q. Para 6 What are the Principles of Fires?

A: 1. Precision 2. Scalable 3. Synchronized 4. Responsive 5. Networked


16. Q. Para 7 What does Fires Support for Unified Land Operations?

A: Offensive, Defensive and Stability Tasks


17. Q. Para 9 How does Fires Disrupt and Destroy Enemy Capabilities Command and Control and /or Sensors and overall Capability to Wage War?

A: by Integrating and Synchronizing their EA Capabilities

18. Q. Para 11 What Six Tenets of Unified Land Operations does Fires Align with?

A: 1. Flexibility 2. Integration 3. Lethality 4. Adaptability 5. Depth 6. Synchronization


19. Q. Para 13 How does Fires Support the Offensive Task?

A: Attacking Targets throughout the Area of Operations with Massed or Precision Fires, Mortars Offensive Counter Air, Rotary and Fixed Wing Air Support, Electronic Attack and other Joint Fires Assets


20. Q. Para 14 How does Fires Support the Characteristics of Offensive Tasks?

A: 1. Surprise 2. Concentration 3. Tempo 4.Audacity 5. Enable the Supported Force in Seizing, Retaining and Exploiting the Initiative


21. Q. Para 15 How does Fires Support the Defensive Task?

A: by Providing Persistent 360-Degree Protection, Early Warning, and Supporting of Airspace Control


22. Q. Para 15 How does Fires Assets Attack Targets throughout the Area of Operations in Support of Defensive Tasks?

A: with Massed or Precision Fires, Mortars, and Synchronize Rotary and Fixed Wing Air Support, Electronic Attack and other Joint Fires

23. Q. Para 16 How does Fires Support Stability Task?

A: by Saving Lives, Restoring Essential Services, Maintaining and Restoring Civil Order, and Disaster Relief


24. Q. Para 18 What is Air Defense Artillery?

A: the Defensive Measures Designed to Destroy Attacking Enemy Aircraft or Missiles in the Atmosphere, or to Nullify or Reduce Effectiveness of such Attack either through Surveillance Actions or Active Engagements of Aerial Threat

25. Q. Para 19 What is Fire Support?

A: Fires that Directly Support Land, Maritime, Amphibious, and Special Operations Forces to Engage Enemy Forces, Combat Formations, and Facilities in Pursuit of Tactical and Operational Objectives


26. Q. Para 20 What is Joint Fire Support?

A: Joint Fires that Assist Air, Land, Maritime, and Special Operations Forces to Move, Maneuver, and Control Territory, Populations, Airspace, and Key Waters


27. Q. Para 21 What is a Nonlethal Effect that Fires can Employ?

A: EA 


28. Q. Para 22 How is Fires Integrated into Joint and Army Capabilities?

A: Fires are Integrated through Targeting


29. Q. Para 23 What is a Target?

A: an Entity or Object considered for Possible Engagement or Other Action

30. Q. Para 23 What is Targeting?

A: the Process of Selecting and Prioritizing Targets and Matching the Appropriate Response to them, Considering Operational Requirements and Capabilities


31. Q. Para 24 What is an Essential Part of Targeting?

A: An Essential Part of Targeting is the Identification of Potential Fratricide Situations and the Necessary Coordination Measures to Positively Manage and Control the Attack of Targets


32. Q. Para 24 What is the D3A Fires Methodology?

A: Decide, Detect, Deliver, and Assess

33. Q. Para 24 What are the Two Targeting Categories?

A: Deliberate and Dynamic


34. Q. Para 24 What does Deliberate Targeting Prosecute?

A: Planned Targets


35. Q. Para 24 What does Dynamic Targeting Prosecute?

A: Targets of Opportunity and Changes to Planned Targets or Objectives


36. Q. Para 25 What is The objective of Fires?

A: The Objective of Fires Planning is to Optimize Combat Power


37. Q. Para 27 How is Fire Support Planning Accomplished?

A: Using Targeting and the Running Estimate


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