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​​​ADP 3-09 & ADP 3-09 Fires 

1. Q. What does ADP 3-09 Cover?
A: Fires.

2. Q. What ADP covers Fires?
A: ADP 3-09.

3. Q. What do fires forces create for the Army and Joint Force Commander?
A: Fires Forces create Responsive, Scalable, and Accurate Fires providing Unprecedented Reach and Mobility.


4. Q. What type of strategy has the fires center of excellence Developed?
A: A Fires Strategy that provides an Excellent Framework for the Evolution and Synergy of the Air Defense Artillery and the Field Artillery.

5. Q. What does the acronym AMD stand for?
A: Air and Missile Defense.


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​6. Q. What does the acronym EA stand for?
A: Electronic Attack.

7. Q. What is Fires?
A: the Use of Weapons Systems to Create specific Lethal or Nonlethal Effects on a Target.


8. Q. Para 1 What is the Fires warfighting function?
A: Collective and Coordinated use of Army Indirect Fires, AMD, and Joint Fires through the Targeting Process.


​​9. Q. Para 1 What are the tasks of the Fires Warfighting Function?

A: 1. Deliver Fires 2. Integrate All forms of Army, Joint and Multinational Fires 3. Conduct Targeting.


10. Q. Para 2 What is Fires responsible for synchronizing?

A: Army Indirect Fires, AMD, and Joint Fires with the effects of other Warfighting Functions.


11. Q. Para 2 What are the Tasks the Fires Function must accomplish to complement and reinforce the other warfighting functions?

A: Planning for Targeting; providing Fire Support; Countering Air, Ballistic Missile, Cruise Missile, Rocket, Artillery, Mortars, and Unmanned Aircraft Systems Threats; and Integrating Joint and Multinational Fires.


12. Q. Para 3 What do Fires Leaders use for ground threats?

A: For Ground Threats, Fires Leaders use the Army’s Targeting Methodology to Plan, Prepare, Execute and Assess Effects on the Ground.


13. Q. Para 3 What do Fires Leaders use for aerial threats?

A: For Aerial Threats, Fires Leaders use Air Defense Planning to determine Air Defense Priorities and the Tailoring of Air Defense Artillery Capabilities to Defeat Aerial Threats.


14. Q. Para 5 What is the role of Fires?

A: The Role of Fires is to Enable Army Forces to Seize and Retain the Initiative, Prevent and Deter Conflict, Defeat Adaptive Threats and Succeed in a Wide Range of Contingencies.


15. Q. Para 6 What are the core competencies of Fires?

A: 1. Air Defense Artillery.

2. Field Artillery.


16. Q. Para 6 What are critical capabilities of Fires?

A: 1. Target Acquisition.

2. Target Discrimination.

3. Target Engagement.


17. Q. Para 6 What are the Principles of Fires?

A: 1. Precision.

2. Scalable.

3. Synchronized.

4. Responsive.

5. Networked.


18. Q. Para 6 What are the characteristics of Fires?

A: 1. All Weather.

2. Precision/Near Precision Fires.

3. Mass Area Fires.

4. Air and Space Integreation.

5. Inherently Join.


19. Q. Para 7 What does integrating Fires into unified land operations require?

A: Strict Adherence to Common Maneuver Coordination Measures, Airspace Coordinating Measures and Fire Support Coordination Measures, ROE and other Constraints/Restraints.


20. Q. Para 7 What does Fires Support for unified land operations?

A: Offensive, Defensive and Stability Tasks.


21. Q. Para 9 How does Fires disrupt and destroy enemy capabilities command and control and /or sensors and overall capability to wage war?

A: by Integrating and Synchronizing their EA Capabilities.


22. Q. Para 10 How do Army and Joint Force Commanders ensure timely and effective Fires?

A: by Developing Control Measures Early and Emphasize them continuously throughout Unified Action.


23. Q. Para 11 What Six Tenets of Unified Land Operations does Fires align with?

A: 1. Flexibility.

2. Integration.

3. Lethality.

4. Adaptability.

5. Depth.

6. Synchronization.


24. Q. Para 13 How does Fires Support the offensive task?

A: Attacking Targets throughout the Area of Operations with Massed or Precision Fires, Mortars Offensive Counter Air, Rotary and Fixed Wing Air Support, Electronic Attack and other Joint Fires Assets.


25. Q. Para 14 How does Fires support the characteristics of offensive tasks?

A: 1. Surprise.

2. Concentration.

3. Tempo.

4.Audacity.

5. Enable the Supported Force in Seizing, Retaining and Exploiting the Initiative.


26. Q. Para 15 How does Fires support the defensive task?

A: by Providing Persistent 360-Degree Protection, Early Warning, and Supporting of Airspace Control.


27. Q. Para 15 How does Fires assets attack targets throughout the area of operations in support of Defensive tasks?

A: with Massed or Precision Fires, Mortars, and Synchronize Rotary and Fixed Wing Air Support, Electronic Attack and other Joint Fires.


28. Q. Para 15 How does Fires support the characteristics of Defensive Tasks?

A: Gain Time, Economize Forces, and Develop Conditions favorable for Offensive or Stability Tasks.


29. Q. Para 16 How does Fires support stability task?

A: by Saving Lives, Restoring Essential Services, Maintaining and Restoring Civil Order, and Disaster Relief.


30. Q. Para 18 What is Air Defense Artillery?

A: the Defensive Measures Designed to Destroy Attacking Enemy Aircraft or Missiles in the Atmospher.


31. Q. Para 18 What are the active measures that Fires employs to defend against aerial threats?

A: Minimize the Effectiveness of Aerial Attack through Passive Air Defense Measures on the Ground, and to Attack the Enemy’s Ability to Launch Aerial Platforms to include Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Artillery, and Mortars before they can be Employed Against our Forces.


32. Q. Para 19 What is Fire Support?

A: Fires that Directly Support Land, Maritime, Amphibious, and Special Operations Forces to Engage Enemy Forces, Combat Formations, and Facilities in Pursuit of Tactical and Operational Objectives.


33. Q. Para 20 What is Joint Fire Support?

A: Joint Fires that Assist Air, Land, Maritime, and Special Operations Forces to Move, Maneuver, and Control Territory, Populations, Airspace, and Key Waters.


34. Q. Para 21 What is a nonlethal effect that Fires can employ?

A: EA.


35. Q. Para 22 How is Fires Integrated into Joint and Army capabilities?

A: Fires are Integrated through Targeting.


36. Q. Para 23 What is a Target?

A: an Entity or Object considered for Possible Engagement or Other Action.


37. Q. Para 23 What is Targeting?

A: the Process of Selecting and Prioritizing Targets and Matching the Appropriate Response to them, Considering Operational Requirements and Capabilities.


38. Q. Para 24 What is an essential part of Targeting?

A: the Identification of Potential Fratricide Situations and the Necessary Coordination Measures to Positively Manage and Control the Attack of Targets.


39. Q. Para 24 What is the D3A Fires Methodology?

A: Decide, Detect, Deliver, and Assess.


40. Q. Para 24 What are the Two Targeting categories?

A: Deliberate and Dynamic.


41. Q. Para 24 What does Deliberate Targeting prosecute?

A: Planned Targets.


42. Q. Para 24 What does Dynamic Targeting prosecute?

A: Targets of Opportunity and Changes to Planned Targets or Objectives.


43. Q. Para 25 What is the objective of Fires?

A: The Objective of Fires Planning is to Optimize Combat Power.


44. Q. Para 27 How is Fire support planning accomplished?

A: Using Targeting and the Running Estimate.


45. Q. Para 27 What is Fire support coordination?

A: the Planning and Executing of Fire so that Targets are Adequately Covered by a Suitable Weapon or Group of Weapons.


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