ADP 3-05 & ADRP 3-05 Special Operations Most Highly Asked
1. Q. What does ADP 3-05 Cover?
A: Special Operations
2. Q. What ADP covers Special Operations?
A: ADP 3-05
3. Q. What does ADP 3-05 Describe?
A: the role of United States Army Special Operations Forces (ARSOF) in the U.S. Army’s Operating Concept to Shape Operational Environments in the Countries and Regions of Consequence, Prevent Conflict through the application of Special Operations and Conventional Deterrence, and when necessary help Win our Nation’s Wars
4. Q. What does ARSOF stand for?
A: Army Special Operations Forces
5. Q. What is the Mission of ARSOF?
A: to Provide in the Nation’s Defense UnEqualled Surgical Strike and Special Warfare Capabilities
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6. Q. What does SOF stand for?
A: Special Operations Forces
7. Q. What Personnel and Units are considered Army Special Operations Forces?
A: Civil Affairs, Military Information Support Operations, Rangers, Special Forces, Special Mission Units, and Army Special Operations Aviation Forces assigned to the United States Army Special Operations Command
8. Q. What are Special Operations?
A: Operations requiring Unique Modes of Employment, Tactical Techniques, Equipment, and Training often conducted in Hostile, Denied, or Politically Sensitive Environments.
9. Q. How are Special Operations usually characterized?
A: Time Sensitive, Clandestine, Low Visibility, Conducted with and/or through Indigenous Forces, Requiring Regional Expertise, and/or a High Degree of Risk
10. Q. What are the factors for Employment of Special Operations forces?
A: National Policy, Geographic Combatant Commander, Joint Force Commander, or Ambassador requirements; the Character of the Operational Environment; as well as the Nature of the Threat
11. Q. Para 1 What is the percent that the Army’s Special Operations Forces supply to Department of Defense?
A: over 50%
12. Q. Para 1 What is the total percentage of Special Operations Forces in the Army?
A: about 5%
13. Q. Para 2 What are two Special Operations Critical Capabilities?
A: Surgical Strike and Special Warfare
14. Q. Para 2 What does Surgical Strike provide?
A: a Primarily Unilateral, Scalable Direct Action Capability that is employed in Counterterrorism, Counterproliferation, Hostage Rescue, Kill/Capture Operations against designated Targets, and other Specialized Tasks of Strategic Importance
15. Q. Para 2 What does Special Warfare provide?
A: provides a Capability that achieves Impact largely by working with and through Others to Assess and Moderate Behavior, Address Local Conditions, and/or Build Indigenous Warfighting Capability, typically in Long-Duration Campaigns
16. Q. Para 2 How is Special Warfare Employed?
A: Unconventional Warfare, Counterinsurgency, Foreign Internal Defense, Security Force Assistance, Stability Operations, and Select Intelligence Activities such as preparation of the Environment
17. Q. Para 6 What functions can Special Operations Forces provide outside Designated Theaters of War?
A: can Shape Potential Operational Environments by working with Host Nation or Friendly Indigenous Forces to assist with Conflict Avoidance or Mitigation and set the conditions for the Rapid Introduction of other U.S. or Allied forces
18. Q. Para 7 What do Special Operations Forces Continuously Study?
A: the Emerging Threats and participate in ongoing Activities and Operations designed to Eliminate, Mitigate, or Shape the Threat
19. Q. Para 8 What are ARSOF’s Global Surgical Strike Capabilities?
A: to Rapidly and Precisely Strike High-Payoff Targets, to Rescue Hostages, or to Retrieve Special Materiel or Items of Interest—all with a Low Signature and Little Collateral Damage
20. Q. Para 9 What do Today’s Enemies Cloak Themselves in?
A: the Human Activity of the Modern, Increasingly Interdependent, and Virtually Connected World
21. Q. Para 13 Why are Special Operations Forces frequently used in Diplomatically Sensitive Missions?
A: Because Special Operations can provide a Discreet, Precise, Politically Astute, and Scalable Capability
22. Q. Para 18 What is the role of SOF when the Operational Environment is Stabilized?
A: to support the Conventional Force Drawdown, assist in the Transition of Civil Activities, support Host Nation Sovereignty, and set conditions to Prevent further Conflict
23. Q. Para 23 What is Special Warfare?
A: the Execution of Activities that involve a combination of Lethal and Non-Lethal actions taken by a Specially Trained and Educated Force that has a deep understanding of
Cultures and Foreign Language, Proficiency in Small-Unit Tactics, and the ability to Build and Fight alongside Indigenous Combat Formations in a Permissive, Uncertain, or Hostile Environment
24. Q. Para 24 What is Unconventional Warfare?
A: Activities conducted to enable a Resistance Movement or Insurgency to Coerce, Disrupt, or Overthrow a Government or Occupying Power by Operating through or with an
Underground, Auxiliary, and Guerrilla Force in a Denied Area
25. Q. Para 24 What is used to Influence the Indigenous Population to Support the Resistance Movement or Insurgency?
A: Army Special Operations Forces Activities
26. Q. Para 26 What do SOF focus on for Foreign Internal Defense and Unconventional Warfare?
A: they Focus on working with Indigenous Forces in the Conduct of Unconventional Warfare
27. Q. Para 28 What are some of the Activities included in a Surgical Strike?
A: Actions against Critical Operational or Strategic Targets; which include Counterproliferation Actions, Counterterrorism Actions, and Hostage Rescue and Recovery Operations
28. Q. Para 28 What are Counterproliferation Actions?
A: Actions that prevent the Threat and/or Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction against the United States, its Forces, Allies, and Partners
29. Q. Para 28 What are Counterterrorism Actions?
A: Actions taken Directly and Indirectly against Terrorist Networks Influence and Render Global and Regional Environments Inhospitable to Terrorist Networks
30. Q. Para 28 What are Hostage Rescue and Recovery Operations?
A: Operations, which are Sensitive Crisis Response Missions, include Offensive Measures taken to Prevent, Deter, Preempt, and Respond to Terrorist Threats and Incidents, including Recapture of U.S. Facilities, Installations, and Sensitive Material
31. Q. Para 30 What do the Principles of Discreet, Precise, and Scalable Operations allow SOF to conduct?
A: a wide range of Missions, often High Risk and Clandestine or Low Visibility in nature
32. Q. Para 30 What are Special Operations Core Principles?
A: Discreet, Precise, and Scalable Operations
33. Q. Para 31 What do the Principles of Discreet, Precise, and Scalable Operations enhance?
A: the Credibility and Legitimacy of the Indigenous Population or Host Nation that we are working with
34. Q. Para 31 How does the Principle of being Discreet enhance Operations?
A: by Deliberately Reducing the Signature of U.S. Presence or Assistance
35. Q. Para 32 What are Regional Mechanisms?
A: the Primary Methods through which Friendly Forces affect Indigenous Populations, Host Nations, or the Enemy to establish the conditions needed to Safeguard our Interests and those of our Allies
36. Q. Para 34 What do SOF Initial and Ongoing Assessments assist in?
A: Planning, Preparation, and Execution, and ensure Efforts and Events are Linked, Progressive, Measurable, and Effective in support of Combatant or Joint Task Force Commanders’ desired effects or outcomes
37. Q. Para 36 What does Active Deterrence often involves?
A: Lethal and Nonlethal Activities (including Surgical Strike), Diplomatic and Developmental Efforts, and the Training of Credible and Effective Foreign Security Forces
38. Q. Para 38 How do Army Special Operations degrade the effectiveness of Adversaries and Threats?
A: By Disrupting their Support Networks, Shadow Governments, Infrastructure, and Financing, through Unilateral Surgical Strike and Special Warfare in concert with Service or Army Conventional Forces, Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational Partners
39. Q. Para 39 What do Soldiers volunteering to become Army Special Operations Force Operators undergo?
A: a Physically and Mentally demanding Assessment and Selection Program
40. Q. Para 39 Why must Soldiers undergo a demanding Assessment and Selection Program?
A: In order to meet the Rigorous Intellectual and Physical Demands of Special Warfare and Surgical Strike
41. Q. Para 39 What are SOF Candidates evaluated to ensure they have?
A: the Character, Commitment, and Intellect to succeed in the Rigorous Training and Education Programs that follow
42. Q. Para 40 What are the four Characteristics of Army Special Operations?
A: 1. Are Low-Visibility or Clandestine 2. Have a Minimal Signature 3. Are used to Foster Habitual (Indigenous) Relationships 4. Are used to Employ Precise and Timely Actions and Messages
43. Q. Para 41 What do The Characteristics of Special Operations Soldiers enable them to carry out?
A: Special Warfare or Surgical Strike—the Army Special Operations Forces Critical Capabilities
44. Q. Para 41 What are the eight tailored Operational Packages of Army Forces, Special Forces, Civil Affairs, and Psychological Operations Soldiers?
A: 1. Language Trained 2. Regionally Aligned 3. Culturally Astute 4. Politically Nuanced 5. Trained in Mediation and Negotiation 6. Expected to Operate Autonomously 7. Proficient at Interorganizational Coordination 8. Proficient with and enabled by Application of Advanced Technologies
45. Q. Para 44 For a SOF Commander, what may take precedence Over the Achievement of Military Priorities?
A: the Advancement of Political Objectives
46. Q. Par 46 Why must SOF Commanders carefully Select When, Where, and How to Employ Army Special Operations Forces?
A: Because Special Operations Missions often have Sensitive Political Implications
47. Q. Para 48 What is the most Crucial Factor in Developing and Maintaining Internal and International Support?
48. Q. Para 48 What must Commanders at all levels ensure their Soldiers Operate In Accordance with to maintain Legitimacy and Credibility?
A: the Law of War and the Rules of Engagement
49. Q. Para 48 What must Army Special Operations Forces have to receive the Level of Indigenous Support that is Essential to Success?
A: Legitimacy and Credibility
50. Q. Para 49 How are SOF Psychological Effects often Amplified?
A: by an Increasingly Pervasive Electronic Media Environment and the growing Influence of Social Media
51. Q. Para 50 What do Supported Non-U.S. Forces serve as?
A: they are Force Multipliers in the Pursuit of Mutual Security Objectives with Minimum U.S. Visibility, Risk, and Cost
52. Q. Para 53 What is often the Primary Intelligence Discipline for satisfying Special Operations Forces Critical Intelligence Requirements, whether from Overt or Controlled Sources?
A: Human Intelligence
53. Q. Para 53 What is The key to Effective Intelligence Support?
A: for Special Operations to fully leverage the Entire Intelligence Support System and Architecture
54. Q. Para 54 What can exclude Key Special Operations Forces and Conventional Forces Personnel from the Planning Cycle?
A: Over Compartmentalization
55. Q. Para 54 For a SOF Commander, what may Insufficient or Excessive Security Compromise?
A: A Mission
56. Q. Para 56 How do Army Special Operations Forces support the Combatant Commander?
A: By maintaining Alliances, building Partner Capacity, Influencing selected Foreign Target Audiences, developing Friendly Indigenous Capabilities, or Conducting Unilateral Special Operations
57. Q. Para 57 What does ADP 3-05 lay out for Commanders?
A: lays out the Basic Foundation for Commanders and Civilian Leaders alike on how Special Operations provide Discreet, Precise, and Scalable Operations in the pursuit of National Objectives
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