ADP 1 & ADRP 1 Most Frequently Asked Questions

1. Q.When was the American Continental Army Established?
​14 June 1775

2. Q.How many campaign and battle streamers does the Army Flag have?
A: over 180

3. Q.What is the Army’s vision for its three strategic roles?
A: Prevent, Shape and Win

4. Q.What gives the President the Authority as the Commander and Chief?
A: The Constitution

​5. Q.Who determines the size and organization of the Army?
A: Congress

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Questions and Answers Exactly as they will be asked at the board.  

6. Q.What is the Army’s Mission?
A: The Army’s mission is to fight and win the Nation’s wars through prompt and sustained land combat, as part of the joint force

7. Q.If Soldiers do not have “Trust between Soldiers and their Leaders” what can be the outcome?
A: Soldiers will only follow those orders given and only out of fear of consequences and will not take initiative 

8. Q.What does trust at all levels of Leadership depend on?
A: Candor


9. Q.What are the 7 Army Values?

A: Loyalty; Duty; Respect; Selfless Service; Honor; Integrity; Personal Courage 


10. Q.What usually keeps professional Soldiers in the Army?

A: Families 


11. Q.Army Training does more than develop technical expertise, it also encourages Army leaders to do what?

A: exercise discretionary judgments without close supervision; this ability is critically important to develop confident leaders


12. Q.What does Certification Measure?

A: competence, character, and commitment


13. Q.What is Professional competence?

A: mastery of specific skills


14. Q.What must an individual do to become a Professional?

A: become certified in their job or tasks


15. Q.What is an Oath?

A: an individual moral commitment made publicly 


16. Q.Is the Constitutional oath legally binding?

A: Yes


17. Q.How is loss of discipline on the part of our Soldiers exploited by the Enemy?

A: through enemy propaganda and it is magnified through the news media


18. Q.What must small-unit leaders do to prevent our Soldiers from retaliating in response to an Enemy’s unethical acts?

A: maintain discipline and ensure that the conduct of Soldiers remains within ethical and moral boundaries


19. Q.What does ADP 1 Chapter 2-20 mean by mean by esprit de corps?

A: we should always respect our history and traditions 


20. Q.How does the Army emphasize esprit de corps and tradition and history?

A: through the practice of our customs, our traditions, and conducting ceremonies


21. Q.How do Units and organizations preserve their unit histories and display them?

A: unit distinctive insignia (such as unit crests, patches, and mottos) and by maintaining written account of the unit’s history


22. Q.What is the hallmark of units with high esprit de corps?

A: Those Soldiers will display a high level of Discipline and Pride


23. Q.What is Discipline? 

A: the behavior tempered by high standards of conduct and performance and reflects the self-control necessary in the face of temptation, obstacles, and adversity, and the fear to do the harder right instead of the easier wrong


24. Q.What is Pride?

A: recognition that obstacles, adversity, and fear can be mastered through discipline and teamwork


25. Q.What does Esprit de corps say about a Soldier or unit?

A: that the Soldier or unit has high motivation, discipline, and morale 


26. Q.What are the 4 primary missions of the Armed Forces that may require large numbers of ground forces or the ready availability of large numbers of Soldiers?

A: 1. counter terrorism and irregular warfare 2.Stability and counterinsurgency operations 3. War 4.The defense of our homeland and support of civil authorities 


27. Q.What do Space systems allow the Army to employ?

A: Space systems allow the Army to employ weapons systems rapidly, lethally and discreetly 


28. Q.What are the Army’s two Core Competencies that are indispensable contributions to the joint force?

A: combined arms maneuver and wide area security  


​29. Q.What are the levels of Command and the Rank that Generally Commands them?

A: 1. Squad=SSG 2.Platoon=Lieutenant/SFC 3. Company=Captain/1SG 4.Battalion=LTC/CSM 5.Brigade=COL/CSM 6. Division=Major General/CSM 7.Corps=Lieutenant General/CSM 8. Army=General/CSM 


​30. Q.What is the size of a Squad?

A: 6-9 Soldiers


31. Q.What is the size of a Platoon?

A: 16-44 Soldiers


32. Q.What is the size of a Company?

A: 62-190 Soldiers


33. Q.What is the Size of a Battalion?

A: 300-1000


34. Q.What is the size of a Brigade?

A: 3000-5000


35. Q.What is the size of a Division?

A: 10,000-15,000


36. Q.What is the size of a Corps?

A: 20,000-45,000


37. Q.What is the size of an Army?

A: 50,000 or more


​38. Q.Why did Military expeditions throughout history usually fail?

A: because of disease and combat losses,, or a lack of supplies preventing them from seizing opportunities


39. Q.What gives our Nation the ability to Deploy large ground forces anywhere in the world indefinitely?

A: Soldiers are the best supplied, best equipped, and healthiest American troops in history


40. Q.How long has it been since Soldiers have faced a Threat from the Air?

A: It has been over 60 years Because of America’s Air Superiority 


41. Q.What is Joint Interdependence?

A: The Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines working together


42. Q.What is an Example of Joint Interdependence?

A: A Platoon leaders can call upon air, maritime, and space-based systems to destroy the enemy


43. Q.What are the two things that the Army Must invest in for the Future of the Army to be combat ready for any environment?

A: Training and Leader Development 


44. Q.Where does the Army currently plan to “Prioritize its assets” for possible future conflicts?

A: The Pacific Region and the Middle East 


45. Q.After every major conflict our Nation has been engaged in, what has the Military historically been politically forced to do?

A: The Military has always been forced to Drawn Down in Size as the Nation’s defense priorities plan change 


46. Q.What must we ensure that we do not do during these Drawdown processes?

A:  avoid the historic past patterns of drawing down too quickly and risk losing leaders, skills, and capabilities


47. Q.What is the Army’s Greatest Asset?

A: The All-Volunteer Force


48. Q.What type of Leader must the Army Retain?

A: high-quality, combat experienced leaders so that they, in turn train the next generation 


49. Q.What is Leadership?

A: Leadership is the process of influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation to accomplish the unit’s mission and improve the organization


50. Q.Good Leaders have the ability to respond effectively to what?

A: complexity and chaos, anticipate opportunities, and remain effective under stress


51. Q.How does the Army Shape Leaders?

A: Through tough realistic training to gain experience, education, leader development, and encouraging responsibility


52. Q.How do Leaders prepare subordinates?

A: by empowering them to operate autonomously without constant directions and giving them responsibility


53. Q.What are the things that Leaders must Do?

A: learn, think, adapt, and communicate fully, honestly, and candidly up, down, and laterally with their peers


54. Q.How will Great Leaders achieve mission success?

A: By having the ability to balance or mitigate risk to seize and retain the initiative


55. Q.What is the percentage of Americans that Serve in the Military?

A: less than one-half of one percent and only about half of those serving are Soldiers


56. Q.What task can the National Guard perform which the Active Army is not allowed without certain special circumstances?

A: They can be used for law enforcement purposes when used by the Governor and called up for State emergencies


57. Q.How much of the Army’s Strength is made up by the Army Reserves and how much of Sustainment do they provide?

A: They make up about one-fifth and it provides one-half of the Army’s Sustainment forces


58. Q.What is the difference between the Operating Force and the Generating Force?

A: The Operating Force is units that are ready and prepared to deploy for combat.  The Generating Force prepares the Operating Forces to perform their mission (example is OTC’s (National Training Centers), SGL’s at SLC, ALC and WLC).


59. Q.What does the Army Flag Honor?

A: The Army Flag Honors all those who served and are serving and a reminder of the Nation’s struggle to remain Free


60. Q. When was “The American Continental Army” established?

A: 14 June 1775


61. Q.Who did the U.S. fight during the War of 1812?

A: The British


62. Q.What was the year that the Army fought Mexico in “The Mexican War”?

A: 1846


63. Q.What was gained from the Mexican War?

A: The Nation’s borders were extended to the Pacific Ocean


64. Q.When did the Civil War begin?

A: 1861


65. Q.When was the War with Spain?

A: 1898


66. Q.What was significant about the War with Spain?

A: it exposed serious deficiencies with Mobilization, deployment, and sustainment 


67. Q.When did the U.S mass the Largest Army in its History?

A: during World War II


68. Q.What is the Longest War in U.S. Military History and how long did it last?

A: The war in Afghanistan and currently it is has been over 12 years of fighting


69. Q.What War had the more Casualties than any other War?

A: The Civil War 


70. Q.How many Divisions did the Army have during World War II?
A: 89


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