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​​​ADP 3-28 & ADRP 3-28 Defense Support of Civil Authorities 

​​1. Q. What does ADP 3-28 cover?
A: Defense Support of Civil Authorities

2. Q. What does the acronym DSCA stand for?
A: Defense Support for Civil Authorities

3. Q. What is the definition of DSCA?
A: It is Support provided by Federal U.S. Military Forces, DOD Civilians, DOD Contractors, DOD Component Assets and National Guard Forces when the Secretary of Defense and in coordination with Governors of the Affected Areas either Elects or Requests the use of those Forces in response to Requests for Assistance from Civil Authorities for Domestic Emergencies, Law Enforcement Support and other Domestic Activities or from Qualifying Entities for Special Events.

4. Q. What is the primary purpose of DSCA?
A: Save Lives, Alleviate Suffering, Protect Property

5. Q. Who Commands the State National Guard forces?
A: the State Governor 

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​6. Q. Who Commands Federal Military Forces?
A: The President 

7. Q. What are the primary Army Tasks for DSCA?
A: Provide Support for Domestic Disasters; Provide Support for CBRN Incidents; Provide Support to Domestic
Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies; Provide other Designated Support

​8. Q. What is Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD 8)?
A:  A Policy Signed by the President to Strengthen the Security and Resilience of the United States through Systematic Preparation for the Threats that Pose the Greatest Risk to the Security of the Nation, including Acts of Terrorism, Cyber-Attacks, Pandemics, Type your paragraph here.

9. Q. When was Presidential Policy Directive 8 Signed?

A: March 2011

10. Q. What does FEMA stand for?

A: Federal Emergency Management Agency

11. Q. What is the Mission of FEMA?

A: Maintains National Doctrine for all aspects of Incident Management, defined as a National Comprehensive Approach to Preventing, Preparing for Responding to, and Recovering from Terrorist Attacks, Major Disasters, and other Emergencies 

12. Q. What is the mission of the Army to support FEMA to accomplish their mission to support PPD 8?

A: Army Forces Operate as part of a larger National Effort characterized as Unified Action—the Synchronization, Coordination, and/or Integration of the activities of Governmental and Nongovernmental Entities with Military Operations to achieve Unity of Effort

13. Q. What are the 3 documents that contain the National Preparedness Doctrine?

A: The National Preparedness Goal; The National Incident Management System (known
as the NIMS); The National Response Framework

14. Q. What are the 5 mission areas for the National Preparedness Goal?

A: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery 

15. Q. What is the National Incident Management System?

A: a National Crisis Response System that provides a Consistent, Nationwide approach for Federal, State, Local, and Tribal Governments; the Private Sector;and Nongovernmental Organizations to work Effectively and Efficiently together to Prepare for, Respond to, and Recover from Domestic Emergencies, Regardless of Cause, Size, or Complexity 

16. Q. What does the National Response Framework define?

A: Principles, Roles, and Structures for Effective National Response

17. Q. What do the three National Response Framework Documents together achieve?

A: Enable all Response partners (Including Community; Tribal, State, and Federal Government; and Private-Sector and Nongovernmental partners) to prepare for and provide a Unified National Response to Disasters and Emergencies, from the Smallest Incident to the Largest Catastrophe 

18. Q. What does the National Preparedness Goal do?

A: Sets the Vision and Overall Policy for Nationwide Preparedness

19. Q. What does National Incident Management System provide?

A: the Template for Managing Incidents at All Levels

20. Q. What does National Response Framework provide?

A: Structure to National-Level Incident Management and Response Policy Under National Response Framework’s, 

21. Q. What can Federal and State Governments activate to coordinate Rrsponse among numerous Government, Private Sector, and Military Partners?

A: Emergency Support Functions (ESF”s)

22. Q. What does ESF stand for?

A: Emergency Support Functions

23. Q. How many different ESF’s are there?

A: 15

24. Q. What are the different 15 ESF’s?

A: 1. Transportation 

2. Communications

3. Public Works and Engineering

4. Firefighting

5. Emergency Management

6. Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services

7. Logistics Management and Resource Support

8. Public Health and Medical Services

9. Search and Rescue

10. Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

11. Agriculture and Natural Resources

12. Energy

13. Public Safety and Security

14. Long-Term Community Recovery

15. External Affairs

25. Q. What is the principal of a Tiered Response?

A: Each Level of Government maintains enough Capability to carry out its Responsibilities Specified by Law

26. Q. Who are the key players in a Tiered Response?
A: Local, Tribal, State, Territorial, and Federal Governments

27. Q. What are Federal Military Forces?
A: Active Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force; Mobilized Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force Reserve; and National Guard Mobilized for Federal Service under Title 10, United States Code (USC) 

28. Q. What are the 3 war fighting functions for DSCA?
A: Mission Command, Sustainment, and Protection

29. Q. For a unit to have the ability to provide DSCA they must be proficient in what functions?
A: Mission Command, Sustainment, and Protection

30. Q. Why is it Important for a unit to be proficient in mission command?
A: to Deploy into a Domestic Operational Environment and Operate with Joint and Interagency Partners.  They also Must adapt Systems and Procedures for a Noncombat, Civilian-Led Structure 

31. Q. Why is it critical for a unit to be proficient in sustainment?
A: The Unit deliver Personnel, Medical Support, Supplies, and Equipment, while Maintaining their Equipment and Soldiers often in areas Devastated by a Disaster and Lacking Potable Water, Electrical Power, and Sanitation

32. Q. What are the 3 purposes for Army support to DSCA?
A: Save Lives; Alleviate Suffering; Protect Porperty

33. Q. What are four defining characteristics shape the actions of Commanders and Leaders in any mission to support DSCA?
A: State and Federal Laws define how Military Forces Support Civil Authorities; Civil Authorities are in Charge, and Military Forces Support them; Military Forces depart when Civil Authorities are able continue Without Military Support; Military Forces Must Document Costs of all Direct and Indirect Support Provided

34. Q. Who should Commanders consult before authorizing Soldiers to execute any task outside the mission received through the Chain of Command?
A: their Staff Judge Advocate

35. Q. Can Army Chaplains provide Religious Support for civilians outside the Department of Defense?
A: No, Unless Waived by Legal Authority, Laws Restrict Army Chaplains from Conducting Religious Support for Civilians Outside the Department of Defense

36. Q. What does RUF stand for?
A: Rules for Use of Force and is Equivalent to Rules of Engagement

37. Q. How is the RUF established?
A: According to State Laws

38. Q. When must Leaders review the RUF with their subordinates?
A: Before Every Mission

39. Q. What is the first purpose of DSCA?
A: to Save Lives

40. Q. When is Lethal Force authorized?
A: As a Last Resort

41. Q. Who is in charge during a DSCA mission?
A: the Supported Civil Authorities

42. Q. What is the Army’s primary role in DSCA?
A: Only for Support

43. Q. What is one of the biggest mistakes that tactical Commanders can make during DSCA?
A: to Assume they Need to Take Charge upon arrival at the Scene of an Incident

44. Q. What is the Army’s end state to DSCA?
A: Means that State, Territorial, Local, and Tribal Authorities become able to Provide Effective Support to their Citizens Without the further Assistance from Military Forces

45. Q. Do civilian agencies issue orders to Military units?
A: No, Typically a Defense Coordinating Officer Translate the Civilian Guidance into Mission Assignments

46. Q. Why must units maintain a detailed record of operations, not just direct expenditures for any DSCA missions?
A: because Supported Civilian Agencies Must Reimburse Department of Defense for any Support provided

47. Q. Who must reimburse the Army for DSCA support?
A: the Federal Agency Requesting Military Support

48. Q. What sets the guidelines for reimbursements from Federal funds to Federal Agencies and States?
A: The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act

49. Q. How much do States usually have to reimburse FEMA?
A: 25% according to Federal Law

50. Q. What is the dual role of the Army National Guard?
A: a State Military Force Under the Governor, and as a Reserve Component of the Army that the President May Mobilize for Federal Service

51. Q. What are the advantages of using the Army National Guard during DSCA?
A: Proximity, Responsiveness, Knowledge of Local Conditions, Tactical Flexibility in Domestic Environments, and Closer Association with State and Local Officials

52. Q. What are the disadvantages of using the Army National Guard during DSCA?
A: Wide Distribution of Units between States, Limited Endurance, and the Limited Ability of the States to Fund them for Extended Periods

53. Q. What are the Regular Army’s key capabilities for domestic support missions?
A: its Ability to Generate Large Forces Rapidly and Sustain them for Long Periods in an Emergency

54. Q. What are the limiting factors when using the Regular Army?
A: Proximity, Legal Considerations, and Operational Commitments

55. Q. What are the three categories of duty status apply to Domestic operations?

A: Federal Military Forces (also referred to as forces in title 10 status), National Guard Forces serving in title 32 status (conducting DSCA), and National Guard Forces serving in State Active Duty Status (conducting National Guard Civil Support)

56. Q. What are the Army’s four primary tasks associated with DSCA?
A: Provide Support for Domestic Disasters; Provide Support for Domestic Chemical, Biological, Radiological, or Nuclear Incidents; Provide Support for Domestic Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies; Provide other designated support

57. Q. What is an “Incident”?
A: an Occurrence, caused by Either Human Action or Natural Phenomena, that requires Action to Prevent or Minimize Loss of Life or Damage to Property and/or Natural Resources

58. Q. What can be called in “Incident” IAW National Preparedness Doctrine?
A: Any Type of Domestic Disaster, Emergency, or Event requiring support

59. Q. What are some examples of Natural Disasters that can provide advanced warning that may require support?
A: Hurricanes, Floods, Fires, Ice Storms, or Volcanic Eruptions

60. Q. What are some examples of disasters that usually provide No warning?
A: an Earthquake or a Chemical Accident

61. Q. Military response for disasters occurs at four levels what are they?
A: At the Direction of the Governor for State National Guard Forces; After a Declaration by the President, which the Governor of the Affected State requests; At the Direction of Secretaries of the Army, Navy, or Air Force for Capabilities not assigned to Combatant Commanders (such as Bases and Installations); Through Immediate Response Authority, which specifies certain conditions allowing Military Support in Urgent Situations

62. Q. What is the Army’s role in providing support for responding to accidental or deliberate chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear Incidents?
A: Federal Military and State National Guard Forces would provide Specialized Capabilities and General-Purpose Forces

63. Q. What is a Pandemic Disease outbreak?
A: a Global Disease Outbreak

64. Q. What are Pandemic disease outbreaks also known as?
A: Pandemics

65. Q. When does a Pandemic occur?
A: When a New Disease Emerges for which people have Little or No Immunity, and No Vaccine is Immediately Available 

66. Q. Can Army Soldiers act as enforcement officials to execute state or federal law and perform direct law enforcement functions?
A: No, the Posse Comitatus Act Prohibits the use of the Active Army, Air Force, the Marine Corps and Navy as Enforcement Officials to Execute State or Federal Law and perform Direct Law Enforcement Functions; Except as Expressly Authorized by the Constitution of the United States or by Another Act of Congress

67. Q. What does the Posse Comitatus Act Prohibit?
A: the use of the Active Army, Air Force, he Marine Corps and Navy as Enforcement Officials to Execute State or Federal Law and perform Direct Law Enforcement Functions; Except as Expressly Authorized by the Constitution of the United States or by Another Act of Congress

68. Q. Does the Posse Comitatus Act apply to State National Guard forces in State Active Duty Status and title 32 status?
A: No

69. Q. Does the Posse Comitatus Act apply to the Coast Gurad?
A: No, the Coast Guard has Inherent Law Enforcement Powers under title 14, USC

70. Q. What are the two Categories for law enforcement support?
A: Direct and Indirect Support

71. Q. Can the active Army provide direct support to law enforcement?
A: No, Federal Law Prohibits this

72. Q. Can the Army provide indirect support to law enforcement?
A: Yes

73. Q. What is indirect support to law enforcement?
A: Logistical, Transportation, and Training Assistance Except when Emergency Authority Applies

74. Q. What is direct support to law enforcement?
A: Enforcing the Law and Engaging in Physical Contact with Offenders

75. Q. Can National Guard forces provide direct support of civilian law enforcement?
A: Yes, State and Territorial Governors can Authorize this, however, such use is a Temporary Expedient and must be in Accordance with State Laws

76. Q. What are some examples of other designated support?
A: National Special Security Events, Olympics, Inaugurations, or State Funerals

77. Q. What is an example of a mission that federal or state national guard forces receive on a regular basis?
A: Firefighting on Federal, State, and Local Undeveloped Land (Wildland Firefighting)

78. Q. What are some activities that Soldiers have supported in the past because of a shortage in labor or an Increase in demand?
A: Skilled Soldiers replaced Striking Air Controllers in the Federal Aviation Administration until Newly Hired Civilians Completed Training. Soldiers have Moved Coal during Strikes or Even Operated Key Commercial Enterprises when National Security Considerations Justified such Extreme Action

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